|Died||6 October 1890|
|Years active||1847 – 1890|
Jules Brasseur was a French actor and singer, born 1829 in Paris and died in the same city in 1890, who achieved considerable popular success in Paris and around France in the second half of the 19th century.
Born Jules-Victor-Alexandre Dumont,his father was a wood merchant and destined his son for business; a position was secured for him as assistant glove-maker in a shop in the Chaussée d'Antin.
An interest in the theatre awoke in him around 1847 and he made his debut at the Théâtre de Belleville, before appearing at the Délassements-Comiques and at the Folies-Dramatiques. In August 1852 he created the role of Machavoine in Le Misanthrope et l'Auvergnat by Labiche at the Palais-Royal securing a major success.
Théâtre des Délassements-Comiques is a name that was used for a number of different theatres in Paris from 1785 to 1890.
The Théâtre des Folies-Dramatiques was a theatre in Paris in the 19th and 20th centuries. Opened first in 1832 in the site of the old Théâtre de l'Ambigu-Comique on the Boulevard du Temple, under Frédérick Lemaître it became a noted venue for the genre of mélodrame.
The Théâtre du Palais-Royal is a 750-seat Parisian theatre at 38 rue de Montpensier, located at the northwest corner of the Palais-Royal in the Galerie de Montpensier at its intersection with the Galerie de Beaujolais.
Having appeared in Le Brésilien (alongside Hortense Schneider) in 1863, for which Offenbach wrote (anonymously) a 'Ronde du Brésilien' which became hugely popular, he also appeared alongside Offenbach's Bouffes-Parisiens troupe in Bad Ems, singing songs and comic scenes.
Hortense Catherine Schneider, La Snédèr, was a French soprano, one of the greatest operetta stars of the 19th century, particularly associated with the works of composer Jacques Offenbach.
Brasseur remained at the Palais-Royal until 1877, creating many roles, including the Brésilien/Frick/Prosper in La Vie parisienne by Offenbach in 1866. His forte was grotesques, and he often exaggerated effects in the extreme sometimes to the point of becoming hoarse. He was skilled in transformation, the Goncourt brothers describing him thus « C'est toute une troupe que Brasseur. Il est cinq, six acteurs, que sais-je? Toutes les voix, tous les gestes, toutes les physionomies, il les prend, non il les a » ("Brasseur is a complete troupe. He is five, six actors – who can say ? Every voice, every gesture, every expression, he can take on – no, he has them"). He also had the reputation of easily losing his temper.
La vie parisienne is an opéra bouffe, or operetta, composed by Jacques Offenbach, with a libretto by Henri Meilhac and Ludovic Halévy.
Jacques Offenbach was a German-French composer, cellist and impresario of the romantic period. He is remembered for his nearly 100 operettas of the 1850s–1870s and his uncompleted opera The Tales of Hoffmann. He was a powerful influence on later composers of the operetta genre, particularly Johann Strauss, Jr. and Arthur Sullivan. His best-known works were continually revived during the 20th century, and many of his operettas continue to be staged in the 21st. The Tales of Hoffmann remains part of the standard opera repertory.
Edmond de Goncourt, born Edmond Louis Antoine Huot de Goncourt, was a French writer, literary critic, art critic, book publisher and the founder of the Académie Goncourt.
During the summers he would tour the provinces with his own theatrical troupe and was also sought after in salons, where he would sing chansonnettes.
In 1878 he left the Palais-Royal and founded the Théâtre des Nouveautés, whose direction he upheld until his death.
The Théâtre des Nouveautés is a Parisian theatre built in 1921 and located at 24 boulevard Poissonnière. The name was also used by several earlier Parisian theatre companies and their buildings, beginning in 1827.
As the theatre director, Brasseur leant towards operetta and staged Fatinitza ,followed by among others, La Cantinière, a vaudeville with music by Planquette, Le Jour et la Nuit , by Lecocq, Le Cœur et la Main, L'Oiseau bleu, Droit d'aînesse, by Francis Chassaigne, le Premier Baiser, by Émile Jonas; le Roi de Carreau, by Théodore Lajarte; le Petit Chaperon Rouge by Gaston Serpette, and Serment d'Amour, by Audran.
Fatinitza was the first full-length, three-act operetta by Franz von Suppé. The libretto by F. Zell and Richard Genée was based on the libretto to La circassienne by Eugène Scribe, but with the lead role of Wladimir, a young Russian lieutenant who has to disguise himself as a woman, changed to a trousers role; in other words, a woman played the part of the man who pretended to be a woman.
Francis Chassaigne was a Belgian-born French composer of operettas, songs, and numerous pieces of dance music for piano. The English-language versions of his operettas, Le droit d'aînesse (1883) and Les noces improvisées (1886) became very popular in Britain and the United States. Chassaigne was married to the Swiss-born operetta singer Louise Roland.
Émile Jonas was a 19th-century French composer.
His son Albert Brasseur also became an actor and they appeared many times on the same stage. The stage name was taken on by Albert’s wife the actress Germaine Brasseur and her descendants : Pierre Brasseur, Claude Brasseur and Alexandre Brasseur.
Henri Meilhac was a French dramatist and opera librettist.
Ludovic Halévy was a French author and playwright.
The Théâtre des Variétés is a theatre and "salle de spectacles" at 7-8, boulevard Montmartre, 2nd arrondissement, in Paris. It was declared a monument historique in 1975.
Édouard-Théodore Nicole, known as Léonce, was a 19th-century French actor and singer.
Alfred Hennequin was a Belgian dramatist who had a successful career as a writer of comedies. He is recognised as one of the innovators in the genre of farce. Georges Feydeau, whose name is synonymous with French farce, publicly acknowledged his debt to Hennequin. He was also the father of the famous French playwright Maurice Hennequin.
Le château à Toto is an opéra bouffe in three acts of 1868 with music by Jacques Offenbach. The French libretto was by Henri Meilhac and Ludovic Halévy. It is situated in an important sequence of fifteen opera works and revivals by Offenbach between 1867 and 1869.
Albert Abraham Wolff, was a French writer, dramatist, journalist, and art critic who was born in Germany.
Léon Battu was a French dramatist, born 1829 in Paris, where he died on 22 November 1857.
Ève Lavallière, full name Eugénie Marie Pascaline Fenoglio,, was a French stage actress and later a noteworthy Catholic penitent and member of the Secular Franciscan Order.
Pierre-Paul-Désiré Siraudin was a French playwright and librettist.
Alfred Delacour or Alfred-Charlemagne Delacour, real name Pierre-Alfred Lartigue, was a 19th-century French playwright and librettist.
Adolphe Joseph Choler was a French playwright and librettist. He was Saint-Agnan Choler's brother.
Eugène Grangé was a French playwright, librettist, chansonnier and goguettier.
Lambert-Thiboust was a 19th-century French playwright.
Gil-Pérès, real name Jules-Charles Pérès Jolin, was a 19th-century French stage actor and vaudevilliste, who was a member of the troupe of the Théâtre du Palais-Royal in Paris in the mid-19th century, and created several roles in Offenbach operettas.
Charles Blondelet, full name Désiré Jacques François Blondelet, was a 19th-century French actor, playwright and chansonnier. He performed at the Théâtre des Variétés from 1858 to 1888.
Louis-François-Marie Nicolaïe, better known as Clairville, was a 19th-century French comedian, poet, chansonnier, goguettier and playwright.
Louis-Hyacinthe Duflost, known as Hyacinthe was a French actor and operetta singer.
Amélie Diéterle was a French actress and opera singer. She was one of the popular actresses of the Belle Époque until the beginning of the Années Folles. Amélie Diéterle inspired the poets Léon Dierx and Stéphane Mallarmé and the painters Auguste Renoir, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec and Alfred Philippe Roll.