Jules Brasseur

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Jules Brasseur
Jules Brasseur2.jpg
Born1829
Died6 October 1890
Paris
OccupationActor, singer
Years active1847 – 1890

Jules Brasseur was a French actor and singer, born 1829 in Paris and died in the same city in 1890, who achieved considerable popular success in Paris and around France in the second half of the 19th century.

Contents

Life and career

Born Jules-Victor-Alexandre Dumont, [1] his father was a wood merchant and destined his son for business; a position was secured for him as assistant glove-maker in a shop in the Chaussée d'Antin.

An interest in the theatre awoke in him around 1847 and he made his debut at the Théâtre de Belleville, before appearing at the Délassements-Comiques and at the Folies-Dramatiques. In August 1852 he created the role of Machavoine in Le Misanthrope et l'Auvergnat by Labiche at the Palais-Royal securing a major success.

Théâtre des Délassements-Comiques is a name that was used for a number of different theatres in Paris from 1785 to 1890.

Théâtre des Folies-Dramatiques former theatre and cinema in Paris, France

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Théâtre du Palais-Royal French theatre at 38 rue de Montpensier, Paris

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Having appeared in Le Brésilien (alongside Hortense Schneider) in 1863, for which Offenbach wrote (anonymously) a 'Ronde du Brésilien' which became hugely popular, he also appeared alongside Offenbach's Bouffes-Parisiens troupe in Bad Ems, singing songs and comic scenes. [2]

Hortense Schneider singer

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Brasseur remained at the Palais-Royal until 1877, creating many roles, including the Brésilien/Frick/Prosper in La Vie parisienne by Offenbach in 1866. His forte was grotesques, and he often exaggerated effects in the extreme sometimes to the point of becoming hoarse. He was skilled in transformation, the Goncourt brothers describing him thus « C'est toute une troupe que Brasseur. Il est cinq, six acteurs, que sais-je? Toutes les voix, tous les gestes, toutes les physionomies, il les prend, non il les a » ("Brasseur is a complete troupe. He is five, six actors – who can say ? Every voice, every gesture, every expression, he can take on – no, he has them"). He also had the reputation of easily losing his temper.

<i>La Vie parisienne</i> (operetta) opera

La vie parisienne is an opéra bouffe, or operetta, composed by Jacques Offenbach, with a libretto by Henri Meilhac and Ludovic Halévy.

Jacques Offenbach German-born French composer, cellist and impresario

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Edmond de Goncourt French writer

Edmond de Goncourt, born Edmond Louis Antoine Huot de Goncourt, was a French writer, literary critic, art critic, book publisher and the founder of the Académie Goncourt.

During the summers he would tour the provinces with his own theatrical troupe and was also sought after in salons, where he would sing chansonnettes.

In 1878 he left the Palais-Royal and founded the Théâtre des Nouveautés, whose direction he upheld until his death. [3]

Théâtre des Nouveautés theatre at boulevard Poissonnière, Paris, France

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As the theatre director, Brasseur leant towards operetta and staged Fatinitza , [4] followed by among others, La Cantinière, a vaudeville with music by Planquette, Le Jour et la Nuit , by Lecocq, Le Cœur et la Main, L'Oiseau bleu, Droit d'aînesse, by Francis Chassaigne, le Premier Baiser, by Émile Jonas; le Roi de Carreau, by Théodore Lajarte; le Petit Chaperon Rouge by Gaston Serpette, and Serment d'Amour, by Audran. [5]

<i>Fatinitza</i> opera

Fatinitza was the first full-length, three-act operetta by Franz von Suppé. The libretto by F. Zell and Richard Genée was based on the libretto to La circassienne by Eugène Scribe, but with the lead role of Wladimir, a young Russian lieutenant who has to disguise himself as a woman, changed to a trousers role; in other words, a woman played the part of the man who pretended to be a woman.

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His son Albert Brasseur also became an actor and they appeared many times on the same stage. The stage name was taken on by Albert’s wife the actress Germaine Brasseur and her descendants : Pierre Brasseur, Claude Brasseur and Alexandre Brasseur.

Plays in which he appeared

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References

  1. Catalogue général de la Bibliothèque nationale de France, entry for Jules Brasseur accessed 15 December 2015.
  2. Yon, Jean-Claude. Jacques Offenbach. Editions Gallimard, Paris, 2000, p315.
  3. Noël E and Stoullig E. Les Annales du Théâtre et de la Musique, 4ème année, 1878. G Charpentier et Cie, Paris, 1879, p475.
  4. Noel E and Stoullig E. Les Annales du Théâtre et de la Musique, 5ème édition, 1879. G Charpentier et Cie, Paris, 1880, p462-64.
  5. Vanloo, A. Sur le plateau: souvenirs d'une librettiste. Librairie Ollendorff, Paris, 1913, p47-48.