List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature

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List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature ( LPSN ) is an online database that maintains information on the naming and taxonomy of prokaryotes, [1] following the taxonomy requirements and rulings of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes. [2] The database was curated from 1997 to June 2013 by Jean P. Euzéby. [3] From July 2013 to January 2020, LPSN was curated by Aidan C. Parte. [2]

In February 2020, LPSN was integrated with the Prokaryotic Nomenclature Up-to-date service at the Leibniz Institute DSMZ.


Related Research Articles

The Thermoprotei is a class of the Crenarchaeota.

The Aurantimonadaceae are a small family of marine bacteria. Six species are known. Aurantimonas coralicida causes a white plague in corals. Fulvimarina pelagi was isolated from seawater, and takes the form of nonmotile rods.

In taxonomy, the Halobacteriaceae are a family of the Halobacteriales in the domain Archaea. Halobacteriaceae represent a large part of halophilic Archaea, along with members in two other methanogenic families, Methanosarcinaceae and Methanocalculaceae. The family consists of many diverse genera that can survive extreme environmental niches. Most commonly, Halobacteriaceae are found in hypersaline lakes and can even tolerate sites polluted by heavy metals. They include neutrophiles, acidophiles, alkaliphiles, and there have even been psychrotolerant species discovered. Some members have been known to live aerobically, as well as anaerobically, and they come in many different morphologies. These diverse morphologies include rods in genus Halobacterium, cocci in Halococcus, flattened discs or cups in Haloferax, and other shapes ranging from flattened triangles in Haloarcula to squares in Haloquadratum, and Natronorubrum. Most species of Halobacteriaceae are best known for their high salt tolerance and red-pink pigmented members(due to bacterioruberin carotenoids), but there are also non-pigmented species and those that require moderate salt conditions. Some species of Halobacteriaceae have been shown to exhibit phosphorus solubilizing activities that contribute to phosphorus cycling in hypersaline environments. Techniques such as 16S rRNA analysis and DNA-DNA hybridization have been major contributors to taxonomic classification in Halobacteriaceae, partly due to the difficulty in culturing halophilic Archaea.

In taxonomy, the Thermoplasmatales are an order of the Thermoplasmata. All are acidophiles, growing optimally at pH below 2. Picrophilus is currently the most acidophilic of all known organisms, being capable of growing at a pH of -0.06. Many of these organisms do not contain a cell wall, although this is not true in the case of Picrophilus. Most members of the Thermotoplasmata are thermophilic.

Rubrobacter is a genus of Actinobacteria, given its own subclass (Rubrobacteridae). It is radiotolerant and may rival Deinococcus radiodurans in this regard.

The genus Selenomonas constitutes a group of motile crescent-shaped bacteria within the Veillonellaceae family and includes species living in the gastrointestinal tracts of animals, in particular the ruminants. A number of smaller forms discovered with the light microscope are now in culture but many, especially the large selenomonads are not, owing to their fastidious and incompletely known growth requirements.

Methanomicrobia

In the taxonomy of microorganisms, the Methanomicrobia are a class of the Euryarchaeota.

In taxonomy, the Acidilobales are an order of the Thermoprotei.

In taxonomy, the Methanococcales are an order of the Methanococci.

In the taxonomy of microorganisms, the Methanomicrobiales are an order of the Methanomicrobia. Methanomicrobiales are strictly carbon dioxide reducing methanogens, using hydrogen or formate as the reducing agent. As seen from the phylogenetic tree based on 'The All-Species Living Tree' Project the family Methanomicrobiaceae is highly polyphyletic within the Methanomicrobiales.

In taxonomy, the Desulfurococcaceae are a family of the disc-shaped anaerobic microorganisms belonging to the order Desulfurococcales, in the domain Archaea. Members of this family are distinguished from the other family (Pyrodictiaceae) in the order Desulfurococcales by having an optimal growth temperature below 100 °C, rather than above 100 °C, and by being more diverse. Several genera of the family have been identified.

In taxonomy, the Methanobacteriaceae are a family of the Methanobacteriales.

In taxonomy, the Methanomicrobiaceae are a family of the Methanomicrobiales.

Sulfolobaceae family of archaea

In taxonomy, the Sulfolobaceae are a family of the Sulfolobales.

In taxonomy, the Thermococcaceae are a family of the Thermococcales. Almost all species within the three genera of Thermococcaceae were isolated from hydrothermal vents in the ocean. All are strictly anaerobes.

In taxonomy, the Thermoproteaceae are a family of the Thermoproteales.

Cupriavidus is a genus of bacteria that includes the former genus Wautersia. They are characterized as Gram-negative, motile, rod-shaped organisms with oxidative metabolism. They possess peritrichous flagella, are obligate aerobic organisms, and are chemoorganotrophic or chemolithotrophic. Resistance to metals has been described. These organisms have been found in both soil and in clinical isolates.

Actinocatenispora is a genus in the phylum Actinobacteria (Bacteria).

Actinopolyspora is a genus in the phylum Actinobacteria (Bacteria).

Cryptosporangium is a genus in the phylum Actinobacteria (Bacteria).

References

  1. Wackett LP (5 June 2014). "Microbial strain collections and information". Microbial Biotechnology. doi:10.1111/1751-7915.12135. PMC   4241729 .
  2. 1 2 Parte AC (2013). "LPSN - list of prokaryotic names with standing in nomenclature". Nucleic Acids Research. 42: D613–D616. doi:10.1093/nar/gkt1111. PMC   3965054 . PMID   24243842.
  3. Euzeby, J. P. (1997). "List of Bacterial Names with Standing in Nomenclature: a Folder Available on the Internet". International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology. 47 (2): 590–2. doi: 10.1099/00207713-47-2-590 . PMID   9103655.