List of prisons in the Tibet Autonomous Region

Last updated

This is a list of prisons within Tibet Autonomous Region province of the People's Republic of China. This list does not include detention centres, which are not classed as prisons in China.

NameEnterprise nameCity/County/District/PrefectureVillage/TownEstablishedNotesCoordinates
Sangyip Prison Lhasa 1964Officially known as the People's Armed Police (PAP) Number 1 Branch (Chinese: Di yi zhidui - Unit No. 1), Sangyip is a military and prison complex located in Lhasa, Tibet. It is well known for the political detention of Tibetans throughout its history, which is believed to have started in 1964. Articles often refer to prisoners detained in Sangyip Prison; however, it is essential to note that Sangyip includes several prisons (units) all under the same banner. References to Sangyip as a prison complex date back as far as 1994. [1]
Powo Tramo Prison (Ch: Bomi Prison) Nyingtri Prefecture (Ch: Nyingchi) Kongpo, Pomé County Qingduo 1955Located 400 miles east of Lhasa, this prison is a significant centre for the detention of political prisoners. In November 2001, all Tibetan political prisoners with heavy sentences were transferred there. It is believed to be spread across two units forming a complex with either referred to as Powo Tramo. [1] Powo Tramo is also known as Zhamu Prison, Bomi Prison, Bomi Second Prison, Prison Number 2, or Tibet Autonomous Regional No. 2 Labour Reform Detachment.

Initially, the Tibet Autonomous Region Public Security Department's second labour reform team, Powo Tramo, was established in the 1980s under the Tibet Autonomous Region Public Security Department's management. After policy changes in 1992, the RTL team was transferred to the Tibet Autonomous Region Judicial Department. The RTL team was then changed to Bomi Prison (official Chinese name) in the Tibet Autonomous Region in 1994

Area No. 1: 30.06715968,95.56494266

Area No.2: 30.01150132,95.60979896

Chushur Prison Nitang Brickyard Qüxü County, Lhasa A large prison, hundreds of political prisoners, United Nations Special Rapporteur on torture, M. Nowak, visited the prison in 2005.29.55185984,90.96841697
Lhasa Prison (Utritru/Utritu) Lhasa 1988Utritru has also been known as Lhasa Prison since 1995, Its name comes from the Chinese "Wuzhidui". It was first built in 1988 as an RTL facility, became a laojiao, and is now a prison. It is part of a group of prisons known as Sangyip. Information suggests Utritru is mainly a criminal detention facility, rather than political. but it has been used to provide extra cells for other prisons nearby. Most of its historical political inmate population was moved to Trisam in mid-1992. The prison has undergone significant expansion starting in the 90s and then several times between 2005 and 2020. [1] 29.6850411, 91.15916768
Lhasa Juvenile Offender Detachment Believed to be attached to Utritru within the perimeter but separated by walls.29.68497744, 91.15555793
Lhasa Prison for Special Prisoners
Xizang Autonomous Region Prison Carpet Factory Lhasa Zaji 1960Also referred to as Drapchi, Delapuxie, or Tibet Autonomous Region Prison. It was the primary place for the detention of political prisoners before 2005 when the newer and modernised Chushur (Chinese: Qushui) Prison was built. Drapchi is the Tibetan name, named after its location. [1] It was originally a military garrison until it was converted into a prison after the 1959 Tibetan Uprising. It is roughly one mile from the city centre and is the main prison for judicially sentenced prisoners in Tibet. In 2004, Working Group on Arbitrary Detention visited the prison. About 7% are female, 76% Tibetans and 20% Han Chinese.29.67917605,91.13947266
Trisam Prison 1992Has three units: the first for male political prisoners, the second for male criminals and the third for women prisoners. Juveniles are included. Trisam conducted hard labor, and at least eight cells were reportedly used for solitary confinement. It is currently believed to be in use as a drug rehabilitation centre. [1] 29.63864478,90.98179196
Xizang No. 2 Prison May be the same location as Powo Tramo. Holds political prisoners.

Related Research Articles

<i>Laogai</i> Forced labor for political prisoners in China

Laogai, the abbreviation for Láodòng Gǎizào, which means reform through labor, is a criminal justice system involving the use of penal labor and prison farms in the People's Republic of China (PRC) and North Korea (DPRK). Láogǎi is different from láojiào, or re-education through labor, which was the abolished administrative detention system for people who were not criminals but had committed minor offenses, and was intended to "reform offenders into law-abiding citizens". Persons who were detained in the laojiao were detained in facilities that were separate from those which comprised the general prison system of the laogai. Both systems, however, were based on penal labor.

Re-education through labor System of administrative detention in Mainland China

Re-education through labor, abbreviated laojiao was a system of administrative detention in Mainland China. Active from 1957 to 2013, the system was used to detain persons who were accused of minor crimes such as petty theft, prostitution, and trafficking illegal drugs, as well as political dissidents, petitioners, and Falun Gong followers. It was separate from the much larger laogai system of prison labor camps.

Harry Wu Chinese-American human rights activist (1937–2016)

Harry Wu was a Chinese-American human rights activist. Wu spent 19 years in Chinese labor camps, and he became a resident and citizen of the United States. In 1992, he founded the Laogai Research Foundation.

Pingshi Prison is a prison outside Pingshi Town, Lechang City, Guangdong Province, People's Republic of China connected to the Guangbei Tea Farm (广北茶场).

Panyu Prison Prison in Guangdong, China

Panyu Prison is a prison in Huijiang Village (会江村), Dashi Subdistrict, Panyu District, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China.

Drapchi Prison

Drapchi Prison, or Lhasa Prison No. 1, is the largest prison in Tibet, China, located in Lhasa. Drapchi is named after its location and was originally a military garrison until it was converted into a prison after the 1959 Tibetan Uprising. It is roughly one mile from the city centre and is the main prison for judicially sentenced prisoners in Tibet. It was the primary place for the detention of political prisoners before 2005 when the newer and modernised Chushur Prison was built. Drapchi also goes by the name Delapuxie prison, which has sometimes been listed as a separate prison online.

Laogai Research Foundation Chinese-American human rights NGO

The Laogai Research Foundation is a human rights NGO located in Washington, D.C, United States. The foundation's mission is to "gather information on and raise public awareness of the Laogai—China's extensive system of forced-labor prison camps."

Laogai Museum Museum in Washington, D.C. on human rights violations in China

The Laogai Museum is a museum in Dupont Circle, Washington, D.C., United States, which showcases human rights in the People's Republic of China, focusing particularly on the Láogǎi, the Chinese prison system of "Reform through Labor". The creation of the museum was spearheaded by Harry Wu, a well-known Chinese dissident who himself served 19 years in laogai prisons; it was supported by the Yahoo! Human Rights Fund. It opened to the public on 12 November 2008, and Wu's non-profit research organization calls it the first museum in the United States to directly address the issue of human rights in China.

Fuyang Prison is a prison in Fuyang, Anhui, China. It was established in 1971. It is a mid-size enterprise that works across a variety of industries, including fabric manufacturing, machine processing, and clothing manufacturing.

Ma'anshan Prison is a prison in Ma'anshan, Anhui, China. It was established in 1964. Formerly known as the Ma'anshan Pipe-casting Works. With funding from the City Metallurgy and Building Materials Bureau, the Magang General Company and the Prov. Ma'anshan Trust jointly managed the creation of the Magang Julong Company. In August 2006 began building a new construction that will hold 3000 inmates, 540 People's Police, and will cover an area of 400.46mu. It will be a high-security, medium-sized prison.

Wuhu Prison is a prison in Wuhu, Anhui, China. It was established in 1905. During the 4th year of the Republic of China, it changed its name to Wuhu Prison. After 1949 it was called Prov. No. 1 Prison. In the 1970s the northern part of the prison was moved to Fuyang City and female inmates were transferred to the Suzhou Women's Prison. Wuhu Prison then became a JOD. Includes a cotton mill and produces metal parts.

Beijing Municipal No. 1 Prison or No. 1 Detention Center is a prison in eastern Beijing, China, in proximity to Beijing Capital International Airport.

Beijing Women's Prison is a prison in Daxing District, Beijing, China. It was established in 1999.

The Tibetan Centre for Human Rights and Democracy (TCHRD) is a Tibetan non-governmental nonprofit human rights organization.

Kate Saunders is an English author, journalist and specialist of Tibet and China. Her articles have been published in newspapers and magazines worldwide including The Times, The Sunday Times, The Washington Post, and The Independent. She has a column in The Sunday Guardian.

Lukar Jam Atsok

Lukar Jam Atsok or commonly Lukar Jam, born 1972, in Tsolho Dragkartri district, in Amdo, Tibet. He is a Tibetan refugee and political activist that ran for Prime Minister of the Tibetan Government-in-Exile in Dharamshala, India in 2016. A former Chinese political prisoner, Lukar Jam went on to become President of the non-profit Gu-Chu-Sum, dedicated to the welfare of Tibetan political prisoners. He has worked as a civil servant with the Tibetan Government-in-Exile and currently lives in the Tibetan enclave of McLeod Ganj, high above Dharamsala, India in the western foothills of the Himalayas.


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Jarvis, Tom; Taylor, Robin; Dolecek, Jenna (6 March 2021). "Open Source Investigation of Detention in Tibet" (PDF). Tibet Research Project. Retrieved 6 March 2021.