Mike Daisey

Last updated

Mike Daisey
Mike Daisey at Cooper Union.jpg
Daisey speaking in 2013
Born (1976-01-21) January 21, 1976 (age 45) [1]
NationalityAmerican
Occupation
  • Monologist
  • author
  • actor

Mike Daisey (born January 21, 1976 [1] ) is an American monologist, author, and actor. His monologue The Agony and the Ecstasy of Steve Jobs, about the labor conditions under which Apple devices are made, was used as the basis for a widely shared episode of the radio program This American Life , but the episode was later retracted for its factual inaccuracy after it was discovered that Daisey had lied about his experiences.

Contents

Career

Early monologues

Daisey's early work includes Wasting Your Breath (1997), a monologue of the Great American Roadtrip, and I Miss the Cold War (1998), about Daisey's visit to post-Communist Warsaw and Cold War themes.

His 2001 monologue 21 Dog Years [2] was Daisey's break. [3] In 2002, Daisey published a book version of the tale under the same title, [4] and in 2004 the BBC aired his radio adaptation of his monologue on Radio 4. [5]

Daisey performed several non-traditional monologues during the 2000s. For All Stories Are Fiction (2004), Daisey made no notes of any kind until one hour before the performance, and then created a show extemporaneously onstage. [6] Similarly, in Mysteries of the Unexplained (2009), he performed a series of one-night-only performances, about Facebook, [7] bacon, [8] and the Boardwalk. [9] Daisey presented his 24-hour monologue All the Hours in the Day (2011) at Portland's TBA Festival in September 2011, [10] emphasizing themes of loss, transformation, and the desire for authenticity.

Invincible Summer

Invincible Summer (2007) is about the history of the New York City transit system, loss, and democracy in modern-day America. [11]

The April 19, 2007 performance of Invincible Summer at the American Repertory Theater in Cambridge, Massachusetts, was disrupted when over 80 audience members from Norco High School in Norco, California, left the production mid-performance, after teachers and chaperones decided that they had heard too many obscenities. One parent approached the stage and poured water over Daisey's outline notes; [12] [13] Daisey said that the destroyed papers were the original copy of the show's outline. He described the effect of the walk-out as "shocking". [12] Daisey later sought out and spoke with representatives of the group, including the member who destroyed his notes. [14] [15]

The Agony and the Ecstasy of Steve Jobs

The Agony and the Ecstasy of Steve Jobs (2010) examines globalization by exploring the exploitation of Chinese workers through the lens of what Daisey describes as "the rise and fall and rise of Apple, industrial design, and the human price we are willing to pay for our technology, woven together in a complex narrative." [16]

In January 2012, portions of the theatrical monologue were aired on the radio program This American Life . [17] The episode, titled "Mr. Daisey and the Apple Factory" quickly became the most downloaded episode in the show's history, with 888,000 downloads after two months. [18] Two months later, This American Life officially retracted the episode, having discovered that some of the personal experiences described by Daisey in his monologue had been exaggerated or fabricated. [18] A follow-up episode, entitled "Retraction", stood by the veracity of the claims Daisey had made about working conditions at Foxconn, but claimed Daisey had dramatized many of the personal details of his own experiences visiting China in his monologue. Daisey was accused of exaggerating the number of plants, people, and underaged workers he talked to, of claiming that the plant guards had guns, and of describing a worker with a crippled hand using an iPad for the first time as a Foxconn employee. This American Life also accused Daisey of purposely misleading them by trying to prevent them from contacting the translator he used in order to fact check his story. In an interview with host Ira Glass, Daisey admitted to giving the producers of This American Life a false name for the translator and also admitted that he lied about her contact information being changed. Daisey apologized to This American Life for allowing them to use his theatrical monologue in the "Retraction" program, [19] and made a full apology in a statement on his website. [20]

Since the controversy, Daisey has reformed his work and has continued to perform it, removing the five minutes of contested details and standing by his assertions that the conditions in Apple's supply chain violate China's own labor laws and remain inhumane. [21] He has performed this new version in six cities, including a run at Washington, D.C.'s Woolly Mammoth Theater, where Apple's co-founder Steve Wozniak joined the show for a post-performance discussion on August 4, 2012. [22]

In 2013, solo theatre artist Jade Esteban Estrada embarked on a five-city tour of the show. [23] "Jade Esteban Estrada knows how to draw an audience in and hold them in the palm of his hand," wrote Deborah Martin of the San Antonio Express-News. He puts that skill to fine use in The Agony and the Ecstasy of Steve Jobs, a solo show written by Mike Daisey exploring the cult of tech giant Apple. [24]

Daisey offers a complete, royalty-free transcript of The Agony, which has been downloaded over 130,000 times. The work has had more than 40 productions, and it has been translated into six languages. [25]

Recent monologues

Performed at the Spoleto Festival, ArtsEmerson, the Cape Cod Theatre Project, and Woolly Mammoth Theater, The Orient Express (Or, the Value of Failure) (2012) is Daisey's story of the aftermath of his media scandal, and a trip he took to recreate the Orient Express, traveling from Paris to Istanbul. [26]

American Utopias (2012) is Daisey's monologue about the way that physical spaces influence people's shared goals, using modern American utopian models including Disney World, the Burning Man Festival, and Zuccotti Park and the birth of the Occupy movement.

"Fucking Fucking Fucking Ayn Rand" (2013) tackles Ayn Rand, the author of The Fountainhead and Atlas Shrugged and the creator of the Objectivist movement. The SunBreak described Daisey's performance as being "not as viscerally worked up as he has been elsewhere". [27]

Theatre and film

Daisey's first play[ clarification needed ]The Moon Is a Dead World premiered at the Annex Theatre in Seattle, Washington on October 17, 2008. [28] It was previously developed at Soho Rep as a part of their 2008–2009 Writer/Director Lab Readings in a workshop directed by Maria Goyanes. [29]

Layover, Daisey's first film, was screened at the 2010 Cannes Film Festival. [30] He also stars in the feature film Horrible Child [31] with T. Ryder Smith, in an adaptation of Lawrence Krauser's play. [32]

Themes

Jason Zinoman of the New York Times describes Daisey as having "a preoccupation with alternative histories, secrets large and small, and the fuzzy line where truth and fiction blur." [33]

Zinoman further expands on a common theme in which Daisey experiences "a mania in which he loses himself", in 21 Dog Years and Invincible Summer. [33]

Theater itself appears in Daisey's work, in both The Ugly American (2003), about Daisey's life as a 19-year-old drama student in London, [34] and How Theater Failed America (2008), a monologue critical of how modern theater has lost sight of its original mission. [35]

Critical analysis of powerful men and institutions often feature in his work. Monopoly! (2005) is critical of capitalism and details the rivalry between Edison and Tesla, [36] while Great Men of Genius (2006) profiled Bertolt Brecht, showman P.T. Barnum, scientist Nikola Tesla and Scientology founder L. Ron Hubbard. [37] If You See Something Say Something (2008), critical of the Department of Homeland Security, compares it to the days of tense alert during the Cold War. [38]

Reception

Jason Zinoman said about Daisey's work in the New York Times: "The master storyteller...one of the finest solo performers of his generation. What distinguishes him from most solo performers is how elegantly he blends personal stories, historical digressions and philosophical ruminations. He has the curiosity of a highly literate dilettante and a preoccupation with alternative histories, secrets large and small, and the fuzzy line where truth and fiction blur. Mr. Daisey's greatest subject is himself." [33] Louise Kennedy described his monologues in the Boston Globe as "Sharp-witted, passionately delivered talk about matters both small and huge, at once utterly individual and achingly universal." [39] Heidi Weiss in the Chicago Sun-Times has said, "Enthralling...why be a journalist when you can spin stories like these?" [40]

While remaining optimistic about Daisey's ability to recover from the Agony scandal, Jason Zinoman, writing at Salon.com, criticized Daisey's ethics and his "defiant" insistence that the invented material was "dramatic license" rather than a lie. [41]

Personal life

Mike Daisey was born in Fort Kent, Maine, and moved to the greater Bangor area in his childhood. He grew up between Fort Kent and Madawaska, his family moving to Etna when he was twelve. [42]

He graduated from Nokomis Regional High School, [43] and attended Colby College in Waterville, Maine.

Works

Monologues

Plays

Books

Films

Related Research Articles

Steve Wozniak American inventor, computer engineer, and programmer

Stephen Gary Wozniak, also known by his nickname "Woz", is an American electronics engineer, computer programmer, philanthropist, and technology entrepreneur. In 1976, with business partner Steve Jobs, he co-founded Apple Inc., which later became the world's largest information technology company by revenue and the largest company in the world by market capitalization. Through their work at Apple in the 1970s and 1980s, he and Jobs are widely recognized as two prominent pioneers of the personal-computer revolution.

Spalding Gray American actor, dramatist, playwright, screenwriter

Spalding Gray was an American actor and writer. He is best known for the autobiographical monologues that he wrote and performed for the theater in the 1980s and 1990s, as well as for his film adaptations of these works, beginning in 1987. He wrote and starred in several, working with different directors.

<i>This American Life</i> US public radio program

This American Life (TAL) is an American weekly hour-long radio program produced in collaboration with Chicago Public Media and hosted by Ira Glass. It is broadcast on numerous public radio stations in the United States and internationally, and is also available as a free weekly podcast. Primarily a journalistic non-fiction program, it has also featured essays, memoirs, field recordings, short fiction, and found footage. The first episode aired on November 17, 1995, under the show's original title, Your Radio Playhouse. The series was distributed by Public Radio International until June 2014, when the program became self-distributed with Public Radio Exchange delivering new episodes to public radio stations.

Jeff Daniels American actor

Jeffrey Warren Daniels is an American actor, musician, and playwright whose career includes roles in films, stage productions, and television, for which he has won two Primetime Emmy Awards and received several Golden Globe, Screen Actors Guild, and Tony Award nominations.

Steve Jobs American business magnate, industrial designer, investor, and media proprietor

Steven Paul Jobs was an American business magnate, industrial designer, investor, and media proprietor. He was the chairman, chief executive officer (CEO), and co-founder of Apple Inc.; the chairman and majority shareholder of Pixar; a member of The Walt Disney Company's board of directors following its acquisition of Pixar; and the founder, chairman, and CEO of NeXT. Jobs is widely recognized as a pioneer of the personal computer revolution of the 1970s and 1980s, along with his early business partner and fellow Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak.

Jade Esteban Estrada American singer, actor, stand-up comedian, and journalist

Jade Esteban Estrada is an American singer, actor, stand-up comedian, journalist and human rights activist. Out Magazine called him "the first gay Latin star."

Steven Atkinson English stage and film producer

Steven Atkinson is a British producer working in theatre and film.

Woolly Mammoth Theatre Company

Woolly Mammoth Theatre Company is a non-profit theatre company located at 641 D Street NW in the Penn Quarter neighborhood of Washington, D.C. Founded in 1980, it produces new plays which it believes to be edgy, challenging, and thought-provoking. Performances are in a 265-seat courtyard-style theater.

Toshiki Okada is a Japanese playwright, theater director, novelist, and founder of the theatrical company chelfitsch. He is known for "his use of hyper-colloquial Japanese and his unique choreography."

Danny Pudi American actor

Daniel Mark Pudi is an American actor, voice actor, comedian, writer, producer and director. His roles include Abed Nadir on the comedy television series Community (2009–2015), for which he received three nominations for the Critics' Choice Television Award for Best Supporting Actor in a Comedy Series and one nomination for the TCA Award for Individual Achievement in Comedy. Since 2020 he has starred as Brad Bakshi in the Apple TV+ comedy series Mythic Quest. He is also known as the voice of Huey on the 2017 reboot of DuckTales.

Donald Travis Stewart, known professionally as Trav S.D., is an American author, journalist, playwright and stage performer. He has been called a leading figure in the New Vaudeville and Indie Theater movements.

The Cape Cod Theatre Project is a nonprofit organization founded in 1995 by actors Andrew Polk and Jim Bracchitta, with the mission of collaborating with playwrights, actors, directors, and the public in developing new American plays. The performances are staged readings, after which the audience members may share their reactions with the playwright and help him/her revise the script. Playwrights who tried out work at the Project in its early years include Paula Vogel and Jeff Daniels. Performances are staged at Falmouth Academy, in Falmouth, Massachusetts.

Wang Chong is an avant-garde theatre director and translator. His works have been performed in 16 countries. Wang's Chinese experimental theatre includes multimedia performance and documentary theatre.

<i>Jobs</i> (film) 2013 American biographical drama film based on the life of Steve Jobs

Jobs is a 2013 American biographical drama film based on the life of Steve Jobs, from 1974 while a student at Reed College to the introduction of the iPod in 2001. It is directed by Joshua Michael Stern, written by Matt Whiteley, and produced by Stern and Mark Hulme. Steve Jobs is portrayed by Ashton Kutcher, with Josh Gad as Apple Computer's co-founder Steve Wozniak. Jobs was chosen to close the 2013 Sundance Film Festival.

Apple Park Corporate headquarters of Apple Inc., in Cupertino, California, United States

Apple Park is the corporate headquarters of Apple Inc., located at One Apple Park Way in Cupertino, California, United States. It was opened to employees in April 2017, while construction was still underway, and superseded the original headquarters at 1 Infinite Loop, which opened in 1993.

Daniel Smith is an American journalist and author of the 2012 memoir Monkey Mind: A Memoir of Anxiety. He has written articles and essays for The New York Times Magazine, The Atlantic, Slate, n+1, Harper's Magazine, New York, and others.

Tim Cook American business executive, CEO of Apple Inc.

Timothy Donald Cook is an American business executive who has been the chief executive officer of Apple Inc. since 2011. Cook previously served as the company's chief operating officer under its co-founder Steve Jobs.

Jason Zinoman is an American critic and author. He has written for The New York Times, Time Out New York, Vanity Fair, and Slate. In 2011, he published Shock Value, a non-fiction book about horror films. In 2017, he published Letterman: The Last Giant of Late Night, a biography of David Letterman.

References

  1. 1 2 "Here I am a year older -- today is my birthday" . Retrieved July 22, 2016.
  2. Mark Gimein, "Mike Daisey's Apple Explanation Is ... Awkward", Bloomberg Business Week, March 16, 2012. Retrieved March 20, 2012.
  3. David Ng, "Mike Daisey, the theater artist behind the controversy", Los Angeles Times, March 2012. Retrieved March 20, 2012.
  4. Page about the ebook, Simon & Schuster. Retrieved March 20, 2012.
  5. "Why aging trendies never feel nostalgic for Madonna", Scotsman, June 23, 2004. Retrieved March 20, 2012.
  6. "Mike Daisey, Monologuist", Gothamist, April 22, 2005. Retrieved March 20, 2012.
  7. "Mike Daisey Presents Mysteries of the Unexplained: Facebook!", Joe's Pub. Retrieved March 20, 2012.
  8. "Mike Daisey Brings Mysteries of the Unexplained: Bacon to Joes Pub 6/8", Broadwayworld.com. Retrieved March 20, 2012.
  9. "Mike Daisey Brings Mysteries of the Unexplained: The Boardwalk! to Joes Pub 7/6", Broadwayworld.com. Retrieved March 20, 2012.
  10. "TBA Diary: Mike Daisey's All the Hours in the Day". Wweek.com. September 19, 2011. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
  11. Jennifer DeMeritt, "Mike Daisey’s life before wartime", The Villager, Volume 76, Number 35, January 24–30, 2007. Retrieved March 20, 2012.
  12. 1 2 Daisey's Summer Interrupted as Audience Departs and Defiles His Work Archived December 4, 2009, at the Wayback Machine , Playbill , April 22, 2007
  13. Mike Daisey Audience Protest, Walkout and Attack, Youtube, April 21, 2007
  14. "Theater Offensive?". The Phoenix. April 27, 2007.
  15. "Mike Daisey follow-up".
  16. "One-man show to depict Steve Jobs' career". CNET . March 4, 2010. Retrieved February 22, 2012.
  17. "Mr. Daisey and the Apple Factory". This American Life. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
  18. 1 2 "Retracting "Mr. Daisey and the Apple Factory"". This American Life. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
  19. "Retraction". This American Life. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
  20. Itzkoff, Dave (March 26, 2012). "Mike Daisey Apologizes for Falsehoods in Monologue About Apple". The New York Times.
  21. Mike Daisey (October 5, 2012). "Mike Daisey Remembers Steve Jobs a Year After His Death". The Daily Beast. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
  22. Isherwood, Charles (July 26, 2012). "Theater Talkback: 'The Agony and the Ecstasy of Steve Jobs,' Take 2". New York Times . Retrieved August 13, 2012.
  23. "Mike Daisey, Unreliable Narrator". Washington City Paper. July 13, 2012. Retrieved August 13, 2012.
  24. "http://www.charlestoncitypaper.com/Spoletobuzz/archives/2012/06/07/mike-daisey-and-the-reorient-express". Charlestoncitypaper.com. June 7, 2012. Retrieved March 12, 2013.External link in |title= (help)
  25. "Mike Daisey: Are You Trying to Seduce Me, Ayn Rand?". May 11, 2013.
  26. The Moon Is A Dead World [ permanent dead link ], Annex Theatre
  27. "Daisey's The Moon Is a Dead World Featured in Soho Rep Readings". Playbill.com. March 31, 2008. Archived from the original on October 13, 2012. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
  28. Page of additional resources, Berkeley Repertory Theatre. Retrieved March 20, 2012.
  29. "HORRIBLE CHILD Trailer". YouTube. January 12, 2008. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
  30. "Info Sheet". Horriblechild.com. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
  31. 1 2 3 Zinoman, Jason (January 21, 2007). "The Need To Think Onstage Is Driving Mr. Daisey". New York Times. Retrieved May 12, 2010.. Also here (jpeg) at Daisey's site.
  32. Adcock, Joe. "Daisey feeds off experiences abroad in 'Ugly American'". Seattle PI. Retrieved March 16, 2013.
  33. Zinoman, Jason (April 20, 2008). "Stirring Things Up, Regionally Speaking". New York Times. Retrieved March 16, 2013.
  34. Adcock, Joe. "'Monopoly!' rips into capitalism". Seattle PI. Retrieved March 16, 2013.
  35. Truzzi, Gianni. "Mike Daisey turns a wry eye on Brecht, Barnum and other 'greats'". Seattle PI. Retrieved March 16, 2013.
  36. Isherwood, Charles (October 28, 2008). "Examining the Echoes of Doctor Neutron". New York Times. Retrieved March 16, 2013.
  37. Kennedy, Louise (April 10, 2007). "Stop and Pick This Daisey". Boston Globe.
  38. "1 man, 3 places – Daisey punctuates enthralling 'Utopias' with theatrical flourish – Chicago Sun-Times". Suntimes.com. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
  39. Zinoman, Jason. "A Sad Story: Mike Daisey didn't just break the rules of journalism. He did a disservice to his own art". Slate.com. Retrieved March 16, 2013.
  40. Mike Daisey, raised in Maine, stretched the truth, then stretched his wings - Portland Press Herald Retrieved 2017-04-21.
  41. The Frog in the Pot and the Leaves on the Trees - retrieved November 4, 2013 | https://soundcloud.com/mikedaisey/the-frog-in-the-pot-and-the
  42. "A People's History". www.seattlerep.org. Retrieved September 27, 2018.