Requinto jarocho

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The requinto jarocho or guitarra de son is plucked string instrument, played usually with a special pick. It is a four- or five-stringed instrument that has originated from Veracruz, Mexico.

The requinto is used in conjunto jarocho ensembles. In the absence of the arpa , the requinto typically introduces the melodic theme of the son and then continues by providing a largely improvised counterpoint to the vocal line.


The requinto jarocho is shaped like a guitar with a small body. The body, neck and tuning head is made from one piece of wood. It has a shallow body, and a slightly raised fingerboard. It also has 12 frets. [1]

The four-stringed requinto jarocho can follow the standard tuning of (ADGc), but is also commonly tuned to GADg and CDGc. [1] The five-stringed requinto, however, adds a string above the standard tuning 5 half-steps below the initial first string, making it EADGc. [1]

The requinto jarocho strings are made of nylon; when played it sounds like the bottom four strings of a classical guitar.

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Son jarocho is a regional folk musical style of Mexican Son from Veracruz, a Mexican state along the Gulf of Mexico. It evolved over the last two and a half centuries along the coastal portions of southern Tamaulipas state and Veracruz state, hence the term jarocho, a colloquial term for people or things from the port city of Veracruz.

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  1. 1 2 3 "AtlasOfPluckedInstruments".