St George in the Fields, Hockley

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St George in the Fields, Hockley

Four old Birmingham Churches - St Peter, St George, Christ Church, St Thomas.jpg

St George in the Fields, bottom left
Coordinates: 52°29′27.24″N1°54′17.28″W / 52.4909000°N 1.9048000°W / 52.4909000; -1.9048000
Location Birmingham
Country England
Denomination Church of England
History
Dedication St George
Consecrated 6 August 1822
Architecture
Architect(s) Thomas Rickman
Style Decorated Gothic
Completed 1819
Construction cost £12,735
Demolished 1961
Specifications
Capacity 1,959 people

St George in the Fields, Hockley is a former Church of England parish church in Birmingham. Built in 1822, it was enlarged in the late 19th century and demolished in 1961. The tomb of architect Thomas Rickman remains a listed structure on the site.

Church of England Anglican state church of England

The Church of England is the established church of England. The Archbishop of Canterbury is the most senior cleric, although the monarch is the supreme governor. The Church of England is also the mother church of the international Anglican Communion. It traces its history to the Christian church recorded as existing in the Roman province of Britain by the third century, and to the 6th-century Gregorian mission to Kent led by Augustine of Canterbury.

Thomas Rickman, was an English architect and architectural antiquary who was a major figure in the Gothic Revival. He is particularly remembered for his Attempt to Discriminate the Styles of English Architecture (1817), which established the basic chronological classification and terminology that are still in widespread use for the different styles of English medieval ecclesiastical architecture.

Contents

History

The church was the first of the Commissioner's churches in Birmingham. It was designed by Thomas Rickman in the Decorated Gothic style and built by Benjamin Nowell and Sons. [1] It was consecrated on 6 August 1822 by the Bishop of Chester. [2]

Commissioners church type of Anglican church

A Commissioners' church, also known as a Waterloo church and Million Act church, is an Anglican church in the United Kingdom built with money voted by Parliament as a result of the Church Building Acts of 1818 and 1824. The 1818 Act supplied a grant of money and established the Church Building Commission to direct its use, and in 1824 made a further grant of money. In addition to paying for the building of churches, the Commission had powers to divide and subdivide parishes, and to provide endowments. The Commission continued to function as a separate body until the end of 1856, when it was absorbed into the Ecclesiastical Commission. In some cases the Commissioners provided the full cost of the new church; in other cases they provided a grant and the balance was raised locally.

A parish was assigned out of St Martin in the Bull Ring in 1830. The church was enlarged in 1883 at a cost of £2,300 with the addition of a chancel and organ chamber by Bateman and Corser. [3]

St Martin in the Bull Ring Church in Birmingham, England

The church of St Martin in the Bull Ring in Birmingham, England, is a parish church of the Church of England. It is the original parish church of Birmingham and stands between the Bull Ring shopping centre and the markets.

In 1856, part of its parish was taken to form the parish of St Matthias' Church, Farm Street, Birmingham.

St Matthias’ Church, Farm Street, Birmingham is a former Church of England parish church in Birmingham.

The church was demolished in 1961.

Tomb of Thomas Rickman

Tomb of Thomas Rickman Thomas Rickman tomb.JPG
Tomb of Thomas Rickman

The architect Thomas Rickman was buried in the churchyard in 1841, and his tomb is now a listed structure.

Organ

The church had a pipe organ by Elliott, later modified by Bishop & Banfield. The organ was rebuilt in a new organ chamber in 1883 by Nicholson and Ward of Walsall. A specification of the organ can be found on the National Pipe Organ Register. [4]

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References

  1. A Biographical Dictionary of Civil Engineers in Great Britain and Ireland. 1500-1830. A.W. Skempton. Thomas Telford. 2002
  2. "Consecration". Northampton Mercury. Birmingham. 10 August 1822. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
  3. "Reopening of St George's Church, Birmingham". Northampton Mercury. Birmingham. 14 March 1883. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
  4. "NPOR N07327". National Pipe Organ Register . British Institute of Organ Studies . Retrieved 7 March 2015.