St Nicholas Shambles

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St Nicholas Shambles
BT Centre, Newgate Street - geograph.org.uk - 699720.jpg
BT Centre from the southwest, on the site of the church
Location London
Country United Kingdom
Denomination Roman Catholic
History
Founded1196
Architecture
Demolished1547

St Nicholas Shambles was a medieval church in the City of London, [1] which stood on the corner of Butcher Hall Lane (now King Edward Street) and Newgate Street. [2] It took its name from the Shambles, the butchers area in the west of Newgate Street. [3] The church is first mentioned as St. Nicholas de Westrnacekaria. [4] In 1253 Walter de Cantilupe, Bishop of Worcester granted indulgences to its parishioners. [5]

City of London City and county in United Kingdom

The City of London is a city and local government district that contains the historic centre and the primary central business district (CBD) of London. It constituted most of London from its settlement by the Romans in the 1st century AD to the Middle Ages, but the agglomeration has since grown far beyond the City's borders. The City is now only a tiny part of the metropolis of London, though it remains a notable part of central London. Administratively, it forms one of the 33 local authority districts of Greater London; however, the City of London is not a London borough, a status reserved for the other 32 districts. It is also a separate county of England, being an enclave surrounded by Greater London. It is the smallest county in the United Kingdom.

Walter de Cantilupe 13th-century Bishop of Worcester

Walter de Cantilupe was a medieval Bishop of Worcester.

Bishop of Worcester Diocesan bishop in the Church of England

The Bishop of Worcester is the head of the Church of England Diocese of Worcester in the Province of Canterbury, England.

In 1546, Henry VIII gave the church, along with that of St Ewin (also known as St Audoen) and the dissolved Christ Church priory to the City corporation. A new parish was created for Christ Church, out of those of St Nicholas and St Ewin, and part of that of St Sepulchre. [6] St Nicholas' was demolished in 1547. [7]

Henry VIII of England 16th-century King of England

Henry VIII was King of England from 1509 until his death in 1547. He was the second Tudor monarch, succeeding his father Henry VII. Henry is best known for his six marriages, in particular his efforts to have his first marriage annulled. His disagreement with the Pope on the question of such an annulment led Henry to initiate the English Reformation, separating the Church of England from papal authority. He appointed himself the Supreme Head of the Church of England and dissolved convents and monasteries, for which he was excommunicated. Henry is also known as "the father of the Royal Navy"; he invested heavily in the Navy, increasing its size greatly from a few to more than 50 ships.

St Audoen within Newgate Church in London

St Audoen within Newgate was a mediaeval church in the City of London situated on the corner of Newgate Street and Eldeness Lane. It was first mentioned as Parochia sancti Audoeni in around 1220.

Christ Church Greyfriars Church in London

Christ Church Greyfriars, also known as Christ Church Newgate Street, was a church in Newgate Street, opposite St Paul's Cathedral in the City of London. Established as a monastic church in the thirteenth century, it became a parish church after the Dissolution of the Monasteries. Following its destruction in the Great Fire of London of 1666, it was rebuilt to the designs of Sir Christopher Wren. Except for the tower, the church was largely destroyed by bombing during the Second World War. The ruins are now a public garden.

The site was extensively excavated in 1975–79 in preparation for construction of the GPO headquarters, [8] [9] [10] (now the BT Centre). The excavations identified several phases of building. The original nave and chancel probably dated from the 11th century. They were extended in the late 12th century. Chapels were added to the east end in the 14th century, a north aisle was added to the nave in the first half of the 15th century, and, finally, the east end was rebuilt and a sacristy added on the north. The excavations included the grave yard. Among the finds was a woman who died in the later stages of childbirth. [8]

BT Group British multinational telecommunications holding company

BT Group plc is a British multinational telecommunications holding company headquartered in London, United Kingdom. It has operations in around 180 countries and is the largest provider of fixed-line, broadband and mobile services in the UK, and also provides subscription television and IT services.

Surviving parish records, now held among the archives of St Bartholomew's Hospital, include an exceptionally detailed inventory of church books, plate, vestments and other possessions of 1457, and a series of churchwardens' accounts running from 1452 to 1526. [11] [12]

St Bartholomews Hospital Hospital in London

St Bartholomew's Hospital, commonly known as Barts, is a teaching hospital located in the City of London. It was founded in 1123 and is currently run by Barts Health NHS Trust.

Vestment clothing prescribed for Christian clergy performing specific roles

Vestments are liturgical garments and articles associated primarily with the Christian religion, especially among the Eastern Orthodox, Catholics, Anglicans, and Lutherans. Many other groups also make use of liturgical garments; this was a point of controversy in the Protestant Reformation and sometimes since, in particular during the Ritualist controversies in England in the 19th century.

A churchwarden is a lay official in a parish or congregation of the Anglican Communion, usually working as a part-time volunteer. Holders of these positions are ex officio members of the parish board, usually called a vestry, parochial church council, or in the case of a Cathedral parish the chapter.

Notes

  1. National archive details
  2. Elmes, James. A Topographical Dictionary of London.
  3. "The London Encyclopaedia" Hibbert,C;Weinreb,D;Keay,J: London, Pan Macmillan, 1983 (rev 1993,2008) ISBN   978-1-4050-4924-5
  4. Harben, Henry A. (1918). A Dictionary of London. London: Herbert Jenkins.
  5. Records of St Nicholas Shambles parish, 1253–1526 (Held at St Bart's Hospital)
  6. Godwin, George; John Britton (1839). "Christ Church, Newgate Street". The Churches of London: A History and Description of the Ecclesiastical Edifices of the Metropolis. London: C. Tilt. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
  7. Guildhall Library data
  8. 1 2 "Site record GPO75". Museum of London.
  9. Schofield, John (1997). "Excavations on the site of St Nicholas Shambles, Newgate Street, City of London, 1975–9" (PDF). Transactions of the London and Middlesex Archaeological Society. 48: 77–135.
  10. White, William J. (1988). Skeletal Remains from the Cemetery of St Nicholas Shambles, City of London. London: London and Middlesex Archaeological Society. ISBN   9780903290333.
  11. Combes, Helen (1997). "Piety and belief in 15th-century London: an analysis of the 15th-century churchwardens' inventory of St Nicholas Shambles" (PDF). Transactions of the London and Middlesex Archaeological Society. 48: 137–152.
  12. Steer, Christian (2018). "A community of the dead in late medieval London". Medieval Prosopography. 33: 181–94.

"Details of excavations of cemetery 1975-77". Museum of London.

Coordinates: 51°30′56″N0°5′54″W / 51.51556°N 0.09833°W / 51.51556; -0.09833

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.


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