Street football

Last updated
Boys playing street football in Egypt Boys playing street football in Egypt.jpg
Boys playing street football in Egypt
Street pitches are common in Libya, especially near highways and flyovers Tripoli Libya Flyover.jpg
Street pitches are common in Libya, especially near highways and flyovers
Street football in Soweto, Johannesburg, South Africa Article-1041721-020C009C00000578-857 468x429 popup.jpg
Street football in Soweto, Johannesburg, South Africa

The terms street football and (in the United States and Canada) street soccer encompass a number of informal varieties of association football. These informal pick up games do not necessarily follow the requirements of a formal game of football, such as a large field, field markings, goal apparatus and corner flags, eleven players per team, or match officials (referee and assistant referees). [1] [2] Many top players have learned to play football on the street, including the likes of Diego Maradona, Johan Cruyff, Pelé, Giuseppe Meazza, Éamon Dunphy, Eusebio, and Cristiano Ronaldo, among others. [3] [4]

Contents

Background

Street football, Venice (1960) Paolo Monti - Serie fotografica (Venezia, 1960) - BEIC 6328452.jpg
Street football, Venice (1960)

Street football is more similar to beach football and futsal than to association football. Often the most basic of set-ups will involve just a ball with a wall or fence used as a goal, or items such as clothing being used for goalposts [1] [5] (hence the phrase "jumpers for goalposts"). The phrase was used by Ed Sheeran in his 2015 documentary Jumpers for Goalposts: Live at Wembley Stadium as a nod to playing the concerts at Wembley Stadium, [6] the "home of football." [7]

Children playing with an improvised garbage ball in Tanzania Street football play.jpg
Children playing with an improvised garbage ball in Tanzania

In some cases, a standard ball is not available and street football depends on a ball made out of garbage, such as discarded plastic. [8] [9] Handwalla Bwana, describing street football in the Kakuma refugee camp said "We used to make a garbage ball. We used to go through the garbage cans and make as much soccer ball as we could" and attributed use of the garbage ball to being better with his feet. [10] [11] Johan Cruyff has said "Footballers from the street are more important than trained coaches." [12]

The ease of playing these informal games on the streets and open spaces make football the most popular sport in the world. [13]

Street football is particularly popular in the United Kingdom, where games such as Headers and Volleys and Wembley Singles are popular throughout.

Organizations and tournaments

Currently several common street football organisations exist (Streetfootballworld, SISM Street Soccer in the United States, The International Street Soccer Association, WhizzKids United, Buntkicktgut, Street Soccer USA). Nowadays, street football is also one method for coaching young football players [14] and is realized with freestyle football, which has grown in popularity since the early 2000s when Nike began to focus on street football and freestyle via their TV ads. [15] [16]

The first Street Football World Championship took place in the Mariannenplatz in Berlin-Kreuzberg. [17] The World Street 3s, the first international World Street Soccer Championships took place in Manchester on 25 September 2016. [18]

The United States held their first international tournament in 2014. The American Panna & Freestyle Tournament hosted by SISM Street Soccer [19] took place in San Jose, California. The inaugural event consisted of freestyle football, street soccer and panna. The event drew many top professionals from around the world to judge and compete in the Bay Area. [20]

Video games

In 2005, video game publisher Electronic Arts introduced FIFA Street , a franchise based on street football and freestyle football. FIFA Street series focuses on flair, style and trickery, reflecting the cultures of street football and freestyle football played in streets and backlots across the world.

In 2019, Electronic Arts added a Volta gameplay mode to FIFA 20. It shares similarities to the FIFA Street series and has a storyline of a street football player playing through the ranks, both making new friends and losing old ones along the way. [21] [22]

See also

Related Research Articles

Total Football Playing style in association football

Total Football is a tactical system in association football in which any outfield player can take over the role of any other player in a team. Although Dutch club Ajax and the Netherlands national football team are generally credited with creating this system during the 1970s, there were other sides who had played a similar style before, such as the Austrian Wunderteam of the 1930s, the Argentine side "La Maquina" of River Plate in the 1940s, the Golden Team of Hungary in the 1950s, English team Burnley in the late 1950s and early 1960s, and Brazilian side Santos in the 1960s.

Futsal Team sport, variant of association football

Futsal is an association football-based game played on a hard court smaller than a football pitch, and mainly indoors. It has similarities to five-a-side football and indoor soccer.

Ballon dOr Annual association football award

The Ballon d'Or is an annual football award presented by French news magazine France Football since 1956. Between 2010 and 2015, in an agreement with FIFA, the award was temporarily merged with the FIFA World Player of the Year and known as the FIFA Ballon d'Or. That partnership ended in 2016, and the award reverted to the Ballon d'Or, while FIFA also reverted to its own separate annual award The Best FIFA Men's Player. The recipients of the joint FIFA Ballon d'Or are considered as winners by both award organisations.

Forward (association football) Association football position played near the opponents goal as known as back striker

Forwards refers to the outfield positions on an association football team who play furthest up the pitch, and are therefore most responsible for scoring goals as well as assisting goals.

Indoor soccer Indoor sport derived from association football (soccer)

Indoor soccer or arena soccer is five-a-side version of minifootball, derived from association football and adapted to be played in walled hardcourt indoor arena. Indoor soccer, as it is most often known in the United States and Canada, was originally developed in these two countries as a way to play soccer during the winter months, when snow would make outdoor play difficult. In those countries, gymnasiums are adapted for indoor soccer play. In other countries the game is played in either indoor or outdoor arenas surrounded by walls, and is referred to by different names .The game of Futsal originated in Uruguay back in the 1930's. This 5-sided game was created by Juan Carlos Ceriani in order for youth competitions of small sided soccer to be hosted in YMCAs. U.S. Futsal became officially founded in 1981 by Osvaldo Garcia. The small sided game of Futsal is known by many names including Minisoccer, Futbol Sala, and Futbol de Salao.

Johan Neeskens Dutch football manager and former player

Johannes Jacobus Neeskens is a Dutch football manager and former player. A midfielder, he was an important member of the Netherlands national team that finished as runners-up in the 1974 and 1978 FIFA World Cups and is considered one of the greatest midfielders of all time. In 2004, he was named one of the 125 Greatest Living Footballers at a FIFA Awards Ceremony, while in 2017 he has been included in the FourFourTwo list of the 100 all-time greatest players, at the 64th position.

Jaap Stam Dutch footballer and manager

Jakob "Jaap" Stam is a Dutch professional football coach and former player. As a player, he played as a centre-back and is regarded as one of the best defenders of his generation.

Rinus Michels Dutch Footballer and Manager (1928-2005)

Marinus Jacobus Hendricus MichelsOON was a Dutch football player and coach. He played his entire career for AFC Ajax, which he later managed, and played for and later managed the Netherlands national team. He is regarded as one of the greatest managers of all-time.

At the end of each FIFA World Cup final tournament, several awards are presented to the players and teams which have distinguished themselves in various aspects of the game.

Freestyle football Football juggling and tricks

Freestyle football is the art of juggling a football using any part of the body, excluding the elbows to the hands. It combines football tricks, dance, acrobatics and music to entertain onlookers and compete with opponents. The official governing body for this sport is known as the World Freestyle Football Association (WFFA).

Ball (association football) Spherical object used in association football tournament

A football is the ball used in the sport of association football. The name of the ball varies according to whether the sport is called "football", "soccer", or "association football". The ball's spherical shape, as well as its size, weight, and material composition, are specified by Law 2 of the Laws of the Game maintained by the International Football Association Board. Additional, more stringent standards are specified by FIFA and subordinate governing bodies for the balls used in the competitions they sanction.

Netherlands national football team Mens national association football team representing the Netherlands

The Netherlands national football team has represented the Netherlands in international men's football matches since 1905. The mens national team is controlled by the Royal Dutch Football Association (KNVB), the governing body for football in the Netherlands, which is a part of UEFA, and under the jurisdiction of FIFA. They are widely considered one of the best national teams in world football and widely regarded as one of the greatest national teams of all time. Most of the Netherlands' home matches are played at the Johan Cruyff Arena and the Stadion Feijenoord.

1974 FIFA World Cup Final Championship match of the 1974 FIFA World Cup

The 1974 FIFA World Cup Final was the final match of the 1974 FIFA World Cup, the 10th FIFA World Cup, a competition to determine the world champion among national men's football sides. The match was contested by the Netherlands and West Germany, with West Germany winning 2–1. The Netherlands opened the scoring via a Johan Neeskens penalty in the second minute, only for Paul Breitner to equalise with another penalty in the 25th minute before Gerd Müller scored the winning goal in the 43rd minute, claiming West Germany's second FIFA World Cup.

Johan Cruyff Dutch footballer and manager (1947–2016)

Hendrik Johannes CruijffOON was a Dutch professional football player and manager. As a player, he won the Ballon d'Or three times, in 1971, 1973 and 1974. Cruyff was a proponent of the football philosophy known as Total Football explored by Rinus Michels, and is widely regarded as one of the greatest players in the history of the sport, as well as one of its best managers ever.

Flip flap (association football)

The flip flap is a dribbling move, or feint, in football, used to fool a defensive player into thinking the offensive player, in possession of the ball, is going to move in a direction they do not intend to. Players perform it by using the outside of their dominant foot to push the ball towards their dominant side, then quickly move the dominant foot around the ball and using the inside to push the ball to their non-dominant side. Although the footwork is the most distinctive aspect of the flip-flap, its success as a feint also relies heavily on the attacking player having an explosive acceleration from a stationary position.

Jimmy Medranda Colombian footballer

Jimmy Gerardo Medranda Obando is a Colombian professional footballer who currently plays as a defender or midfielder for Seattle Sounders FC in Major League Soccer.

Soccerex

Soccerex is an organisation that runs events for the association football industry, based in London.

Handwalla Bwana is a Somali Kenyan professional footballer who plays for Nashville SC of Major League Soccer.

The World Freestyle Football Association (WFFA) is the international governing body of Freestyle Football.

<i>FIFA 20</i> 2019 video game

FIFA 20 is a football simulation video game published by Electronic Arts as part of the FIFA series. It is the 27th installment in the series and was released on 27 September 2019 for Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 4, Xbox One and Nintendo Switch.

References

  1. 1 2 Meseguer, Pedro (November 7, 2016). "El fútbol callejero" (in Spanish). Alicante: Futbol Jobs. Retrieved April 21, 2019.
  2. "Fútbol Callejero: Historia, trucos, jugadas y mucho más" (in Spanish). Retrieved April 21, 2019.
  3. Salmon, Ken (November 10, 2021). "Street soccer and the first teams of legendary players". 90soccer.com. Retrieved November 10, 2021.
  4. Croke, Ruaidhrí. "Ghosts and goalposts: The soul of street football in Dublin's Gloucester Diamond". The Irish Times.
  5. Kummetz, Pablo (October 19, 2004). "Fútbol callejero para la integración social" (in Spanish). Berlin: Deutsche Welle . Retrieved April 21, 2019.
  6. "Watch the trailer for Ed Sheeran's exuberant concert film 'Jumpers for Goalposts'". USA Today. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
  7. Horne, John; Manzenreiter, Wolfram (11 January 2013). Japan, Korea and the 2002 World Cup. google.ca. ISBN   9781135140212.
  8. Thélia, Jerome (9 June 2014). "One Man's Trash Is Another Man's Soccer Ball | Op-Docs | The New York Times". YouTube. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
  9. Berlin, Jeremy; Hilltout, Jessica (2013-02-01). "Joy Is Round". National Geographic Magazine. Retrieved 2020-10-23.
  10. Pentz, Matt (28 October 2016). "Handwalla Bwana could be the next Seattle soccer star. But first he must conquer his American Dream". Seattle Times.
  11. "New Homegrown Player Handwalla Bwana sits down for first interview". Sounders FC. 12 January 2018. 2 minutes 44 seconds. Retrieved 23 October 2020.
  12. FIFA.com. "Welcome to FIFA.com News - They said It: Johan Cruyff - FIFA.com". www.fifa.com. Archived from the original on May 30, 2020. Retrieved 2020-10-23.
  13. "Street Soccer" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 15, 2017. Retrieved April 21, 2019. Soccer is the undisputed # 1 game in the world and the primary way kids around the world developed their ball skills was through “street soccer”. World-class players came out of this environment.
  14. Modern Sports Stories Publication, published 09/09/2013. Staff interview with Darren Laver, Page 96.
  15. "UK's and World's Best Football Freestyle Agency". www.ukfootballfreestyle.co.uk. Retrieved 5 August 2017.
  16. "Welcome". World Class Freestyle - Freestyle Football Event Hire - Search Freestylers by Location - #1 Freestyle Soccer agency. Retrieved 5 August 2017.
  17. (in English and German) Street Football World Festival 2006 Archived 2007-01-22 at the Wayback Machine not in reference
  18. "NETHERLANDS WIN THE FIRST WORLD STREET 3s CHAMPIONSHIP – World Street 3s". www.worldstreet3s.com. Retrieved 5 August 2017.
  19. "SISM Street Soccer and Freestyle Tournaments | Street Soccer and Freestyle Lifestyle" . Retrieved 25 October 2020.
  20. "History of American Panna & Freestyle Tournament". SISM Street Soccer. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  21. Yin-Poole, Wesley (8 June 2019). "Confirmed: FIFA 20 has a FIFA Street mode called Volta Football". Eurogamer . Retrieved 4 November 2020.
  22. Horti, Samuel (8 June 2019). "FIFA 20 has a FIFA Street-style mode called Volta, EA confirms". PC Gamer . Retrieved 4 November 2020.