Thomas Henry Scott

Last updated
Thomas Henry Scott
Occupation Executioner
Years active1889–1901

Thomas Henry Scott was an English executioner from 1889 to 1901. He was from Huddersfield in Yorkshire. A ropemaker by trade, he acted as executioner on seventeen occasions. He was on the Home Office list of approved executioners from 1892 to 1895. [1]

Scott was an assistant executioner to James Berry as far early as 1889. [2] Starting in January 1892, he worked as an assistant hangman to James Billington, who was the chief executioner of Great Britain and Ireland. [3]

Scott was scheduled to assist Billington in a hanging on 17 December 1895 at Walton Prison. On the night before the execution, he reported to the prison at 9:00 and then picked up a prostitute. They had sex "for about an hour and a half." [4] Later, Scott realised that he had been robbed and reported the incident to the police. His wallet and glasses were later recovered when the prostitute showed up at the police station. When the Home Office was informed of Scott's deeds, they immediately removed him from the Home Office list. [4] Billington performed the execution alone. [4]

No longer welcome in England, Scott moved to Ireland and was the chief executioner there until 1901. In January 1899, he carried out three executions in a five-day stretch; he was assisted by Bartholomew Binns each time. [2]

Scott carried out just one hanging in all of 1900 and then two in January 1901. [5] He lost his job in Ireland when the authorities learned about his activities in England. [1] [4] The last hanging he performed was that of John Toole, at Mountjoy Gaol, on 7 March 1901. [6]

See also

Related Research Articles

Albert Pierrepoint English executioner

Albert Pierrepoint was an English hangman who executed between 435 and 600 people in a 25-year career that ended in 1956. His father Henry and uncle Thomas were official hangmen before him.

Harry Bernard Allen was one of Britain's last official executioners, officiating between 1941 and 1964. He was chief executioner at 41 executions and acted as assistant executioner at 53 others, at various prisons in England, Scotland, Northern Ireland, the Channel Islands and Cyprus. He acted as assistant executioner for 14 years, mostly to Albert Pierrepoint from 1941 to 1955.

Executioner Person who executes a sentence of death

An executioner, also known as a hangman or headsman, is an official who executes a sentence of capital punishment on a legally condemned person.

John Ellis was a British executioner for 23 years, from 1901 to 1924. His other occupations were as a Rochdale hairdresser and newsagent.

Henry Pierrepoint British executioner

Henry Albert Pierrepoint was an English executioner from 1901 until 1910. He was the father of Albert Pierrepoint and brother of Thomas William Pierrepoint.

Thomas William Pierrepoint was an English executioner from 1906 until 1946. He was the brother of Henry Pierrepoint and uncle of Albert Pierrepoint.

James Berry was an English executioner from 1884 until 1891. Berry was born in Heckmondwike in the West Riding of Yorkshire, where his father worked as a wool-stapler. His most important contribution to the science of hanging was his refinement of the long drop method developed by William Marwood, whom Berry knew quite well. His improvements were intended to diminish mental and physical suffering and some of them remained standard practice until the abolition of capital punishment for murder.

Syd Dernley was appointed assistant executioner by the Home Office in 1949, and participated in 20 hangings until he was replaced in 1954.

HM Prison Swansea

HM Prison Swansea is a Category B/C men's prison, located in the Sandfields area of Swansea, Wales. The prison is operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service, and is colloquially known as 'Cox's farm', after a former governor.

William Calcraft English executioner

William Calcraft was a 19th-century English hangman, one of the most prolific of British executioners. It is estimated in his 45-year career he carried out 450 executions. A cobbler by trade, Calcraft was initially recruited to flog juvenile offenders held in Newgate Prison. While selling meat pies on streets around the prison, Calcraft met the City of London's hangman, John Foxton.

James Billington (executioner)

James Billington was a hangman for the British government from 1884 until 1901. He is the patriarch of the Billington family. Billington died at home from bronchitis in the early hours of 13 December 1901, ten days after having executed Patrick McKenna, a man he knew well.

Bartholomew Binns (1839–1911) was an English executioner from November 1883 to March 1884. When William Marwood died on 4 September 1883 after a brief illness, Binns was appointed to the position of Executioner for the City of London and Middlesex. Before becoming hangman, Binns was employed as foreman platelayer at Dewsbury by the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Company, but after he got the post he no longer worked anywhere.

Thomas Billington was an English executioner from 1897 to 1901 and was one of four family members who worked in the occupation.

Thomas George Tattersall was an English plasterer who was convicted of murdering his wife.

John Billington was an English executioner. He was on the Home Office list from 1901 to 1905.

William Billington

William Billington was an English executioner. He was on the Home Office list from 1902 to 1905 and had participated in hangings from 1899.

Robert Orridge Baxter was an English executioner from Hertfordshire. His career lasted from 1915 to 1935, during which he carried out 44 hangings and assisted at 53 others.

Alfred Allen was an English executioner from Wolverhampton. His career lasted from 1928 to 1937, during which he carried out 3 hangings as a chief executioner and assisted at 14 others.

Stanley William Cross was an English executioner from Wormwood Scrubs. His career lasted from 1932 to 1941, during which he carried out four hangings as a chief executioner and assisted at 20 others.

The Billington family is a British family of English nationality which has had a long history in England as state employed executioners as well as several members who ventured into the world of combat sports and professional wrestling. Men of the family have been noted for their rather short height. Two of the family's sports oriented members would go on to marry into the Canadian Hart wrestling family.


  1. 1 2 "The English hangmen 1850 - 1964". Retrieved 2010-10-31.
  2. 1 2 Fielding, Steve (2008). The Executioner's Bible: The Story of Every British Hangman of the Twentieth Century . John Blake. p. 37.
  3. Fielding, Steve (1994). Hangman's Record, Volume 1; Volumes 1868–1899. Chancery House. p. xxvii.
  4. 1 2 3 4 "Victorian Murder Cases: Elijah Winstanley - Wigan 17/12/1895". Retrieved 2010-10-31.
  5. Fielding (2008), pp. 263-264.
  6. Fielding (2008), p. 44.