Thomas Young (developer)

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Thomas Young (c. 1650 - ) was an English woodcarver and property developer, best known for Kensington Square.

Kensington Square garden square in Kensington in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea

Kensington Square is a garden square in Kensington, London, W8. It was founded in 1685 and is the oldest such square in Kensington. 1–45 Kensington Square are listed Grade II for their architectural merit.

It is thought that he was born in Devon. Young was apprenticed to a joiner and woodcarver, and was admitted to the Joiners' Company as a freeman in 1670, at the age of about 20. [1]

In 1685, he acquired 14 acres of land in Kensington which he sought to develop, and as he later described it in 1701, "did sett out and appoint a considerable part thereof to be built into a large Square of large and substantial Houses fit for ye Habitacion of persons of good Worth and Quality, with Courts and Yards before and Gardens lying backwards". This was Kensington Square. [2] [3] From 1692 onwards, the central garden was laid out. [4]

Young attempted to develop Kensington Square alone, but had financial problems, which led him to sell plots to other developers, and to borrow more money. He was eventually jailed in the King's Bench Prison for debt. He was backed by Thomas Sutton, who persuaded him to give more equity to Sutton to prevent other creditors from seizing his remaining land, and to help obtain his release. However, after Young left prison, he was not able to repay his loan to Sutton, got into debt again, and spent almost ten years in Fleet Prison. He ended up having to bring a case against Sutton. [1]

Kings Bench Prison

The King's Bench Prison was a prison in Southwark, south London, England, from medieval times until it closed in 1880. It took its name from the King's Bench court of law in which cases of defamation, bankruptcy and other misdemeanours were heard; as such, the prison was often used as a debtor's prison until the practice was abolished in the 1860s. In 1842, it was renamed the Queen's Prison, and later became the Southwark Convict Prison.

Thomas Sutton English civil servant and businessman

Thomas Sutton (1532–1611) was an English civil servant and businessman, born in Knaith, Lincolnshire. He is remembered as the founder of the London Charterhouse and of Charterhouse School.

Fleet Prison 12th-century prison in London

Fleet Prison was a notorious London prison by the side of the River Fleet. The prison was built in 1197, was rebuilt several times, and was in use until 1844. It was demolished in 1846.

Young Street, which runs north-south from Kensington High Street to Kensington Square, is named after him. [2]

Kensington High Street main shopping street in Kensington, London

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  1. 1 2 Starren, Carolyn (2006). The Kensington book. London: Historical Publications. p. 123. ISBN   9781905286164.
  2. 1 2 "Kensington Square and environs: Introduction". British History Online (BHO). Retrieved 18 February 2016.
  3. "News". Gallery 19. 1 September 2011. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
  4. "London Gardens Online". London Gardens Online. Retrieved 18 February 2016.