Thomas de Rossy (bishop of the Isles)

Last updated
Thomas de Rossy
Bishop of Mann and the Isles
Church Roman Catholic Church
See Diocese of Mann and the Isles
In office 13311348
Predecessor Bernard
Successor William Russell
Orders
Consecration June 7 x June 10, 1331
Personal details
Born unknown
Scotland
Died September 20, 1348
Unknown
Previous post Canon of Dunkeld

Thomas de Rossy (died 1348) was a fourteenth-century Scottish prelate. He appears in the historical record for the first time in 1331, when Pope John XXII provided him to succeed Bernard as Bishop of the Isles. [1] At this stage, the papal sources name him as a canon of Dunkeld Cathedral. [2]

Kingdom of Scotland historic sovereign kingdom on the British Isles from the 9th century and up to 1707

The Kingdom of Scotland was a sovereign state in northwest Europe traditionally said to have been founded in 843. Its territories expanded and shrank, but it came to occupy the northern third of the island of Great Britain, sharing a land border to the south with the Kingdom of England. It suffered many invasions by the English, but under Robert I it fought a successful war of independence and remained an independent state throughout the late Middle Ages. In 1603, James VI of Scotland became King of England, joining Scotland with England in a personal union. In 1707, the two kingdoms were united to form the Kingdom of Great Britain under the terms of the Acts of Union. Following the annexation of the Northern Isles from the Kingdom of Norway in 1472 and final capture of the Royal Burgh of Berwick by the Kingdom of England in 1482, the territory of the Kingdom of Scotland corresponded to that of modern-day Scotland, bounded by the North Sea to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, and the North Channel and Irish Sea to the southwest.

Prelate high-ranking member of the clergy

A prelate is a high-ranking member of the clergy who is an ordinary or who ranks in precedence with ordinaries. The word derives from the Latin prælatus, the past participle of præferre, which means "carry before", "be set above or over" or "prefer"; hence, a prelate is one set over others.

Pope John XXII pope from 1316 to his death in 1334

Pope John XXII, born Jacques Duèze, was Pope from 7 August 1316 to his death in 1334.

Probably while at the papal curia, he was consecrated at some point between June 7 and June 10, 1331. [3] The Chronicles of Mann states that Thomas de Rossy "was the first to exact from the churches of Mann twenty shillings for visitation dues", and that "he was also the first who exacted from the parochial rectors the tithes received by them from strangers engaged in the herring fishery". [4] His surname is known from a papal record dating to 1346, a record concerning the future of a benefice Thomas held before he was promoted to episcopal status. [5]

Chronicles of Mann

The Chronicles of the Kings of Mann and the Isles or Manx Chronicle is a medieval Latin manuscript relating the early history of the Isle of Man.

Shilling unit of currency formerly used in the United Kingdom, Australia, United States, and other British Commonwealth countries

The shilling is a unit of currency formerly used in Austria, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, United States and other British Commonwealth countries. Currently the shilling is used as a currency in four east African countries: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Somalia. It is also the proposed currency that the east African community plans to introduce . The word shilling comes from old English "Scilling", a monetary term meaning twentieth of a pound, and from the Proto-Germanic root skiljaną meaning 'to separate, split, divide.' The word "Scilling" is mentioned in the earliest recorded Germanic law codes, those of Æthelberht of Kent.

Parish church church which acts as the religious centre of a parish

A parish church in Christianity is the church which acts as the religious centre of a parish. In many parts of the world, especially in rural areas, the parish church may play a significant role in community activities, often allowing its premises to be used for non-religious community events. The church building reflects this status, and there is considerable variety in the size and style of parish churches. Many villages in Europe have churches that date back to the Middle Ages, but all periods of architecture are represented.

According to the Chronicle, after an episcopate of eighteen years, he died on September 20, 1348, and was buried at Scone. [6]

Scone, Scotland village in Perth and Kinross, Scotland

Scone is a village in Perth and Kinross, Scotland. The medieval village of Scone, which grew up around the monastery and royal residence, was abandoned in the early 19th century when the residents were removed and a new palace was built on the site by the Earl of Mansfield. Hence the modern village of Scone, and the medieval village of Old Scone, can often be distinguished.

Notes

  1. Watt & Murray, Fasti Ecclesiae, p. 262.
  2. Dowden, Bishops, p. 282; Watt & Murray, Fasti Ecclesiae, p. 262.
  3. Watt & Murray, Fasti Ecclesiae, p. 262.
  4. Munch & Goss, Chronica regum Manniae, vol. i ; see also Dowden, Bishops, p. 282.
  5. Watt & Murray, Fasti Ecclesiae, p. 262.
  6. Dowden, Bishops, p. 282; Munch & Goss, Chronica regum Manniae, vol. i ; Watt & Murray, Fasti Ecclesiae, p. 262.

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References

John Dowden Bishop of Edinburgh; Irish Anglican/Episcopalian bishop

John Dowden DD LLD was an Irish-born bishop and ecclesiastical historian. He served in the Scottish Episcopal Church as the Bishop of Edinburgh.

Donald Elmslie Robertson Watt FRSE was a Scottish historian and Professor Emeritus at St Andrews University.

International Standard Book Number Unique numeric book identifier

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Religious titles
Preceded by
Bernard
Bishop of the Isles
13311348
Succeeded by
William Russell