Thurgartstone

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The Ogrestone or Thurgartstone is situated on the lands of Brandleside Farm near the Chapel Crags Thurgartstone3.JPG
The Ogrestone or Thurgartstone is situated on the lands of Brandleside Farm near the Chapel Crags

The Thurgartstone or Ogrestone [1] is a prominent glacial erratic stone near Dunlop in East Ayrshire, Scotland. The Thurgartstone stands in a field at Brandleside Farm [1] and is thought to have been a rocking stone at one time, but it no longer moves due to a build up of soil beneath. [1]

Contents

Name

The Thurgartstane is also known as the Ogrestane, the Thorgatstane, the Fiend-Spirit's Stane, [2] T'Ogra Stane, [2] Thugart Stane, [3] [2] [4] Fiend's Stane, [3] Ogart Stane, Ogirtstane, [1] [5] [6] the Ogre's Stone, [3] Horgar Stane, Grit (great) stane [4] or Thougritstane. In modern English, it is the Thurgartstone or Ogrestone.

One explanation of the name is that it derives from 'Thor's Great Stone'. [1] [5] Another is that the name comes from the phrase "Thou Great Stone" [2] or just '"grit stane". [4] The term 'The Stone of the Ogre' may indicate some forgotten legend. Some names may be spelling errors originating in or propagated by the Ordnance Survey or other maps. Another theory is that the name is derived from the word "Tagairtstane", which means "the priest's stone." [1]

Yet another possibility is that 'Ogrestane' is more 'Ogre ton' and that the personal name 'Ogier' is a Normanised version of the Scandinavian name 'Holger'. Brandleside also may be a Scandinavian name and suggest that 'Brandale' was once the name of this valley. [7]

It is said to have been used as a Druid's altar combined with possible cremation. [6] The Chapel Crags is said to have been the location of the dwellings of these priests and their holy well with its curative properties was later Christianised as St Mary's Well by the monks. [6]

Location

Dunlop kirk and village from the Thurgartstone Dunlop Church Ayrshire.JPG
Dunlop kirk and village from the Thurgartstone

The Thurgartstone is close to Dunlop on the Lugton Road is Black Burn Valley. Situated prominently in the middle of a field close to Brandleside Farm near the Chapel Crags is the Thurgartstone. [1] [4] Dunlop or Boarland Hill, the site of Dunlop Castle once held by the De Ross family, can be seen from the stone. [8] The stone is in a sheltered spot, with ample running water nearby. Its entire mass is somewhat hidden due to the soil level building up over the centuries.

Description

The Thurgartston is a "glacial erratic stone". It is composed of blue augitic porphyrite. [2] This rock is different from the 'native' stone of the area. The Thurgartston weighs about 25 tons and the part above ground is about twelve feet by eight feet. [1] It is set near the site of the pre-Reformation St Mary's Chapel. [3] The site is listed and protected by Historic Scotland.

The religious settlement and Saint Mary's Well

Looking towards the old Monks graveyard and Chapel Crags from the Thurgartstone. Towards Chapel Crags Dunlop.JPG
Looking towards the old Monks graveyard and Chapel Crags from the Thurgartstone.

There may have been a religious settlement associated with the 12th century chapel of Saint Mary near the Thurgartstone site. [5] The chapel was built by the monks of Kilwinning Abbey and was endowed with sufficient funds to support a chaplain. It replaced an earlier church built to supplant the pagan influence of the Thurgartstone. [5] [9] [1] [10] The history of the site is apparently similar to the history of the Chapel Hill site at Chapeltoun.

There are steps cut into the rock that led up to the monk's cemetery. [4] The chapel and graveyard are no longer visible, ruins of the chapel last being visible circa 1824 and removed in 1835. [5] It stood on a rock by the Black Burn next to the 'Lady's Steps' now replaced by the road bridge. [5] [9]

There is a holy well in the "field bordered by the burn." The new buildings called "Marys Chapel" below the crags are built on the foundation of the original chapel. Chapelhouse Farm nearby was once called Brandlecraig. [11] The well water arose from the base of the crags and when the road was built closer to the crags it was covered over but carried under it by a culvert that led to a trough surrounded by iron railings. [3] Chapelhouse Farm and the St Mary's houses were once supplied with water from the well that had an ample and reliable flow. [3] The water from the well was still used in 1972 for baptisms at Dunlop Church. [6]

Some stone relics from St Mary's were given to a member of the Clement family and a christening font was discovered in the burn at Kirkwood Farm by another Clement. These artifacts are now kept at North Borland Farm. [12]

Associated Beliefs

The Thurgartstone has long been associated with pagan ritual practices. There are still May Day celebrations and events at the site. This 'Druidical' stone is thought by some to have been a 'rocking or logan' stone at one time. [1] It is now firmly set in the 'rubbish' and dirt. [1]

There are records showing that "even as late as the time of Popery", Catholics would do penance by crawling on their knees around this stone, crying "O thou grit stane". [1] Apparently they held a belief that the Deity was present in the Thurgartstone. [1]

Farmers from Brandleside Farm did not move or break up the stone as has happened so often elsewhere. They also kept their ploughs a set distance away from the Thurgartstone as stipulated in the farm lease. [4] This was presumably because legend has it that there were pagan burials around this monument. [1] [4] The ancient Dunlop Carlin stone is on the other side of the village.

The well was said to be sacred to the Druids with magical properties ascribed to the water. [3]

Views of the Thurgarstone in 2007

See also

Related Research Articles

There are many large stones of Scotland of cultural and historical interest, notably the distinctive Pictish stones, but also the other types discussed below.

Chapeltoun is an estate on the banks of the Annick Water in East Ayrshire, Scotland. This is a rural area famous for its milk and cheese production and the Ayrshire or Dunlop breed of cattle.

Cunninghamhead is a hamlet in North Ayrshire, Scotland. It was the centre of the lands of Cunninghamhead, Perceton and Annick Lodge in Cunninghame. This mainly rural area is noted for its milk and cheese production and the Ayrshire, Cunninghame or Dunlop breed of cattle.

Barony and Castle of Corsehill

The old Barony and castle of Corsehill lay within the feudal Baillerie of Cunninghame, near Stewarton, now East Ayrshire, Scotland.

Dunlop, East Ayrshire Human settlement in Scotland

Dunlop is a village and parish in East Ayrshire, Scotland. It lies on the A735, north-east of Stewarton, seven miles from Kilmarnock. The road runs on to Lugton and the B706 enters the village from Beith and Burnhouse.

Kerelaw Castle

Kerelaw Castle is a castle ruin situated on the coast of North Ayrshire, Scotland in the town of Stevenston.

Saint Inan

Saint Inan (Evan) was the patron saint of Irvine, Ayrshire, Scotland, where he is said to have resided during the 9th century AD. He is reputed to have come from Iona, and to have died in Irvine, where his tomb was reputed to have been the site of miracles.

Kennox House

Kennox House is situated on Kilwinning Road between Stewarton to Torranyard in North Ayrshire, Parish of Dunlop, Scotland. The house overlooks the Glazert Burn, which runs into the Annick Water at Watermeetings.

Barony of Ladyland

The Barony of Ladyland was in the old feudal Baillerie of Cunninghame, near Kilbirnie in what is now North Ayrshire, Scotland.

Lands of Lainshaw

The Lands of Lainshaw lie in Strathannick and were part of the Lordship of Stewarton, in East Ayrshire, Scotland. Lainshaw House is a category B listed mansion, lying in a prominent position above the Annick Water and its holm in the Parish of Stewarton, Scotland. Part of the much older Lainshaw Castle is contained within the several later building phases of the present day Lainshaw House. The names 'Langshaw' or 'Langschaw' were used in historic times. Law Mount near the High and Laigh Castleton farms has been suggested as the site of the original castle, granted in the 12th century to Godfrey de Ross by Hugo de Morville.

Halket Loch

Halket Loch, also known as Halkhead or Halketh, was situated in the mid-Ayrshire clayland near Lugton. It is visible as a surface depression in pastureland, sometimes partially flooded, situated in a low-lying area close to farms and dwellings of East, North and Middle Halket and Craighead in the Parish of Dunlop, East Ayrshire, Scotland. The loch was natural, sitting in a hollow created by glaciation. The loch waters drained via the Glazert Water that joins the Annick Water.

Lands of Cocklebie Human settlement in Scotland

The Lands of Cocklebie or Cocklebee formed an estate possessing a common border with the estates of Lainshaw, the Corsehill, and the town of Stewarton, East Ayrshire, Parish of Stewarton, Scotland.

Murder of Hugh Montgomerie

The Murder of Hugh Montgomerie, 4th Earl of Eglinton at the Annick Ford in Stewarton, East Ayrshire, Scotland, took place in 1586 as a consequence of a long running feud between the Montgomeries, Earls of Eglinton and the Cunninghames, Earls of Glencairn, families who were competing for power and influence locally and nationally. The significant repercussions of this act were felt throughout the county of Ayrshire and beyond. The spelling 'Montgomerie' is used throughout for both the family and Montgomery for the clan and clan and district names 'Cunninghame' in the same fashion.

Lands of Borland Human settlement in Scotland

The Lands of Borland formed an estate lying between Aiket Castle and the town of Dunlop, East Ayrshire, Parish of Dunlop, Scotland. The laird's house at Borland stood near the Sandy Ford over the Glazert Water. The names Bordland, Boreland, Borland, Laigh Borland, Low Borland and Nether Borland have all been applied to the site of the laird's house.

Lands of Borland, Barony of Cumnock Human settlement in Scotland

The Lands of Borland or Boreland formed a castle and land holdings within the old Barony of Cumnock, East Ayrshire, Parish of Old Cumnock, Scotland. Lying two miles south of Cumnock the property was mainly held by a cadet branch of the Hamilton family from around 1400 before passing by marriage to the Montgomeries and others. For consistency the spelling 'Borland' will be used throughout.

Bickering Bush

The Bickering bush (NS41863635) thorn grew near Caprington on the lands of Monksholm or Maxholm, Riccarton, East Ayrshire, Scotland. The old farm house at Maxholm sat in hollow on the old Caprington Castle estate and to the north and west its fields bordered the River Irvine. The thorn was located, as recorded on the OS map, near to the confluence of the Kilmarnock Water and the River Irvine, downstream of the Simon's Burn's confluence on the south bank of the river.

Minishant Human settlement in Scotland

Minishant is a village bordering the A77 in the old county of Carrick, South Ayrshire, Scotland. It is located in Maybole Parish, 3.5 miles from Maybole and standing close to the River Doon. The village was originally named Culroy after the Culroy Burn that runs through it.

Castle and Barony of Gadgirth

The Castle and Barony of Gadgirth was held by the Chalmer family, originally De Camera, with successive castles and a mansion house overlooking the River Ayr at the border of the Parish of Coylton, the old district of Kyle, now part of South Ayrshire, Scotland.

Lands of Templehouse Human settlement in Scotland

The Lands of Templehouse formed a small estate lying between Aiket Castle and the town of Dunlop, East Ayrshire, Parish of Dunlop, Scotland. The laird's house at Templeland of Dunlop Hill, to give it its formal name, stood near to the ancient road leading from Dunlop to Kirkwood and on to Kennox. The lands were held by the Knights Templar until a date prior to 1570 when the Gemmells of Templehouse were granted the property and remained there until 1962, a period of around 500 years. The spelling 'Gemmell' is used for consistency except where otherwise denoted.

Lands of Dallars Human settlement in Scotland

The Lands of Dallars or Auchenskeith (NS463337) form a small estate in East Ayrshire, Hurlford, Kilmarnock, Parish of Riccarton, Scotland. The present mansion house is mainly late 18th-century, located within a bend of the Cessnock Water on the site of older building/s. "Dullers or Dillers" was changed to "Auchenskeith" or "Auchinskeigh" (sic) as well as other variants and then the name reverted back nearer to the original form as "Dollars" and then finally "Dallars". Dallars lies 3.25km south of Hurlford.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Love, Dane (2009). Legendary Ayrshire. Custom : Folklore: Tradition. Auchinleck: Carn Publishing. pp. 18–21. ISBN   978-0-9518128-6-0.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 Smith, John (1895). Prehistoric Man in Ayrshire. London: Elliot Stock. p. 84.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Bayne, John (1935). Dunlop Parish - A History of Church, Parish, and Nobility. Edinburgh: T. & A. Constable. p. 14.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Paterson, James (1866). History of the Counties of Ayr and Wigton. Edinburgh: James Stillie. p. 221.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Bayne, John (1935). Dunlop Parish - A History of Church, Parish, and Nobility. Edinburgh: T. & A. Constable. p. 16.
  6. 1 2 3 4 Hutchison, Jennifer L. (1972). History and the Economic Development of the Village of Dunlop. Privately published. p. 5.
  7. David Clement. Dunlop Diary. December 2012
  8. RCAHMS Dunlop Hill
  9. 1 2 Paterson, James (1866). History of the Counties of Ayr and Wigton. Edinburgh: James Stillie. p. 220.
  10. Bayne, John (1935). Dunlop Parish - A History of Church, Parish, and Nobility. Edinburgh: T. & A. Constable. p. 15.
  11. Search over Lainshaw, Register of Sasines. Page 154
  12. Dunlop Diary. February 2013.

Sources

Coordinates: 55°43′9.6″N4°32′22.8″W / 55.719333°N 4.539667°W / 55.719333; -4.539667