Thurstone Personality Schedule

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The Thurstone Personality Schedule was one of the first personality tests. [1] It was published by Louis Leon Thurstone and Thelma Gwinn Thurstone in 1930. [2] It underwent many revisions and adaptions.

Personality test psychological or character questionnaire

A personality test is a method of assessing human personality constructs. Most personality assessment instruments are in fact introspective self-report questionnaire (Q-data) measures or reports from life records (L-data) such as rating scales. Attempts to construct actual performance tests of personality have been very limited even though Raymond Cattell with his colleague Frank Warburton compiled a list of over 2000 separate objective tests that could be used in constructing objective personality tests. One exception however, was the Objective-Analytic Test Battery, a performance test designed to quantitatively measure 10 factor-analytically discerned personality trait dimensions. A major problem with both L-data and Q-data methods is that because of item transparency, rating scales and self-report questionnaires are highly susceptible to motivational and response distortion ranging all the way from lack of adequate self-insight to downright dissimulation depending on the reason/motivation for the assessment being undertaken.

Louis Leon Thurstone was a U.S. pioneer in the fields of psychometrics and psychophysics. He conceived the approach to measurement known as the law of comparative judgment, and is well known for his contributions to factor analysis. A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked Thurstone as the 88th most cited psychologist of the 20th century, tied with John Garcia, James J. Gibson, David Rumelhart, Margaret Floy Washburn, and Robert S. Woodworth.

6 year test-retest reliability was 0.53 in one study. [3]

In 1952 around 200 firms used the test for personnel screening. [4]

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References

  1. Gregory J Boyle, Gerald Matthews, Donald H Saklofske (2008). "The SAGE Handbook of Personality Theory and Assessment: Personality Measurement and Testing, Volume 2".
  2. L. L. Thurstone & Thelma Gwinn Thurstone (1930): A Neurotic Inventory, The Journal of Social Psychology, 1:1, 3-30.
  3. Crook, M. N. A retest with the Thurstone Personality Schedule after six and one-half years. Journal of General Psychology, Vol 28, 1943, 111-120.
  4. Lawrence E. Eldred (Jan 27, 1952). "Temperament Schedule Tests Your Ability To Hold Job". The News and Courier.