Ti Malice and Bouki

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Ti Malice is a trickster character and nemesis of Tonton (Uncle) Bouki in Haitian folklore. While Ti Malice is smart and guileful, Uncle Bouki is hardworking but is also very greedy. [1] It is the manipulation of this greed that allows Ti Malice to often get the best of Uncle Bouqui. These characters are said to be a split of Anansi, the trickster character of the Ashanti of Ghana.

Bouqui and Malice have their origins in African oral traditions. In Senegal and neighboring countries, these two characters appear in animal form. Bouqui is represented as a hyena, which is called "Bouki" in the Fulani and Wolof languages, while Malice is a hare called "Leuk" in Senegal. From there, character traits develop that identify the two companions. Bouki, the hungry and skinny hyena and Leuk, the hare with a mischievous character and legendary cunning. [2]

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  1. "Haiti Literature - Haitian folktales" (PDF). Teaching for Change. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2022-10-09. Retrieved 13 December 2015.
  2. "Le bestiaire africain de la diaspora : « retour au peuple »". vuesdumonde.forumactif.com (in French). Retrieved 2022-11-08.