Tiger (1773 ship)

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Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svgUnited Kingdom
  • 1776:J.H. Scheider [1]
  • 1781:Jonathon Hall
Builder: Maryland [1]
Launched: 1773 [1]
Fate: Last listed 1796
General characteristics
Tons burthen:
  • 1781:2 × 3-pounder guns [4]
  • 1795:4 × 4-pounder guns [2]

Tiger was launched at Maryland in 1773. She appears in England in 1776 without any sign that she was a prize. She was lengthened in 1779, which increased her burthen. Between 1785 and 1788 she made three voyages as a whaler. She then returned to trade and is last listed in 1796.

Prize (law) law

Prize is a term used in admiralty law to refer to equipment, vehicles, vessels, and cargo captured during armed conflict. The most common use of prize in this sense is the capture of an enemy ship and her cargo as a prize of war. In the past, the capturing force would commonly be allotted a share of the worth of the captured prize. Nations often granted letters of marque that would entitle private parties to capture enemy property, usually ships. Once the ship was secured on friendly territory, she would be made the subject of a prize case, an in rem proceeding in which the court determined the status of the condemned property and the manner in which the property was to be disposed of.

Whaler specialized ship designed for whaling

A whaler or whaling ship is a specialized ship, designed, or adapted, for whaling: the catching or processing of whales. The former includes the whale catcher – a steam or diesel-driven vessel with a harpoon gun mounted at its bow. The latter includes such vessels as the sail or steam-driven whaleship of the 16th to early 20th centuries and the floating factory or factory ship of the modern era. There have also been vessels which combined the two activities, such as the bottlenose whalers of the late 19th and early 20th century, and catcher/factory ships of the modern era.


Tiger appears in Lloyd's Register in 1776 with Jonathan Hall, master, J.H. Schneider, owner, and trade Dublin-London, changing to London-St Petersburg. [1]

Lloyds Register company

Lloyd's Register Group Limited (LR) is a technical and business services organisation and a maritime classification society, wholly owned by the Lloyd’s Register Foundation, a UK charity dedicated to research and education in science and engineering. The organisation dates to 1760. Its stated aims are to enhance the safety of life, property, and the environment, by helping its clients to ensure the quality construction and operation of critical infrastructure.

Year Master Owner Trade Notes
1780 J.Hall
J. Hall London–Antigua Lengthened 1779 [4]
1785 T. Wire J. Hall London-Southern Fisheries Repairs 1784

Whaling voyage #1 (1785-1786: Captain T. Weir (or Wyer) sailed in 1785 for the Brazil Banks and Africa. [Note 1] In April 1786 she was at the Brazils. On 25 July she reported having taken 25 "fish" (whales). However she had not seen land for nine months and the crew was sick. She returned to England on 11 August with 35 tuns of sperm oil. [3] [6]

Sperm oil waxy liquid obtained from sperm whales

Sperm oil is a waxy liquid obtained from sperm whales. It is a clear, yellowish liquid with a very faint odor. Sperm oil has a different composition from common whale oil, obtained from rendered blubber. Although it is traditionally called an "oil", it is technically a liquid wax. It is composed of wax esters with a small proportion of triglycerides, an ester of an unsaturated fatty acid and a branched-chain fatty alcohol. It is a natural antioxidant and heat-transfer agent. Through catalytic reaction, it carries phosphorus and sulfur derivatives providing anti-wear and friction modification. In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, sperm oil was prized as an illuminant for its bright, odorless flame and as a lubricant for its low viscosity and stability. It was supplanted in the late 19th century by less expensive alternatives such as kerosene and petroleum-based lubricants. With the 1987 international ban on whaling, sperm oil is no longer legally sold.

Whaling voyage #2 (1786-1787): Captain J. Weir sailed from England on 20 September 1786 for the Brazil Banks. Tiger was reported to have been off Trinidad on 4 October, "all well". By 2 April 1787 she had 45 tons of sperm oil. She returned on 4 June 1787 with 41 tuns of sperm oil. [3]

Whaling voyage #3 (1787-1788): Captain Holden Barton sailed from England on 7 September 1787, bound for the Brazil Banks. By December Tiger was at the Brazils. By 1 December she had 50 barrels of right whale oil. She returned to England on 29 May 1788 with 25 tuns of whale oil and 20 cwt of "bone" (baleen). [3]

Hundredweight unit of mass, with differing values

The hundredweight, formerly also known as the centum weight or quintal, is an English, imperial, and US customary unit of weight or mass of various values. Its value differs between the American and imperial systems. The two values are distinguished in American English as the "short" and "long" hundredweight and in British English as the "cental" and the "imperial hundredweight".

Baleen keratin structure in whales, used for flexible stiffening

Baleen is a filter-feeder system inside the mouths of baleen whales. The baleen system works by a whale opening its mouth underwater and taking in water. The whale then pushes the water out, and animals such as krill are filtered by the baleen and remain as food source for the whale. Baleen is similar to bristles and consists of keratin, the same substance found in human fingernails and hair. Baleen is a skin derivative. Some whales, such as the bowhead whale, have longer baleen than others. Other whales, such as the gray whale, only use one side of their baleen. These baleen bristles are arranged in plates across the upper jaw of the whale.

Year Master Owner Trade Notes
1790 Loadman J. Hall London–Stockholm Repairs in 1788
1795 H. Gilson
W. Denham
J. Hall Liverpool-Bremmen Good repair 1790 [2]

Notes, citations, and references


  1. The Brazil Banks are the edge of the continental shelf south of latitude 16°S and to the east of the coast of South America. [5]


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Lloyd's Register (1776), Seq.№T172.
  2. 1 2 3 Lloyd's List (1795), Seq.№T153.
  3. 1 2 3 4 British Southern Whale Fishery database.
  4. 1 2 3 Lloyd's List (1781), Seq.№150.
  5. Clayton (2014).
  6. Clayton (2014), pp.233-4.


International Standard Book Number Unique numeric book identifier

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