Timothy Fetherstonhaugh

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Sir Timothy Fetherstonhaugh (died 1651) was an English royalist during the English Civil War.

English Civil War Civil war in England (1642–1651)

The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of civil wars and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers") principally over the manner of England's governance. The first (1642–1646) and second (1648–1649) wars pitted the supporters of King Charles I against the supporters of the Long Parliament, while the third (1649–1651) saw fighting between supporters of King Charles II and supporters of the Rump Parliament. The war ended with Parliamentarian victory at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651.

Fetherstonhaugh was son of Henry Fetherstonhaugh of Kirkoswald, Cumberland, high sheriff of that county under James I, who was second son of Albany Fetherstonhaugh of Fetherstonhaugh, Northumberland, by his wife Lucy, daughter of Edmund Dudley of Yanwath, Westmoreland. His mother was Dorothy, daughter of Thomas Wybergh of Clifton, Westmoreland. [1] In 1620 he was admitted a member of Gray's Inn. [2] He was knighted at Whitehall on 1 April 1628. During the English Civil War he liberally contributed money to the royal cause, raised troops at his own expense, and served in the field. In 1642 he marched with Sir William Hudleston to King Charles at York, having under him three hundred foot.

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Charles I of England 17th-century monarch of kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland

Charles I was the monarch over the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution.

In February 1644 he left Oxford with introductions from the king and Lord Digby for Ireland, where he applied to Ormonde to send troops for the relief of Cumberland. [3] At the Battle of Wigan Lane, Lancashire, 26 August 1651, he was taken prisoner, and after trial by court-martial at Chester he was beheaded in that city on 22 October, despite his plea that he had quarter for life given him. [4]

The Battle of Wigan Lane was fought on the 25th August 1651 during the Third English Civil War, between Royalists under the command of the Earl of Derby and elements of the New Model Army under the command of Colonel Robert Lilburne. The Royalists were defeated, losing nearly half their officers and men.

He married Bridget, daughter of Thomas Patrickson of Caswell-How in Ennerdale, Cumberland. Two of his sons were slain at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651; the elder, Henry, had been knighted on the field there. The family's losses amounted, it is said, to 10,000l. In June 1661 two other sons, Philip and John, were obliged to petition for places as pages to the queen ‘to lessen the charges of their mother, who was brought very low by the late times’. [5] The petition was granted. These appointments and the present of a portrait of Charles I are said to have been the only recompense the family received. In the chancel of Kirkoswald Church is a monument to the memory of Sir Timothy erected by his grandson Thomas. His portrait is given in the frontispiece of William Winstanley's ‘The Loyall Martyrology,’ 1665, from which an enlarged engraving was published in octavo.

Battle of Worcester final battle of the English Civil War

The Battle of Worcester took place on 3 September 1651 at Worcester, England, and was the final battle of the English Civil War. Oliver Cromwell's Parliamentarian New Model Army, 28,000 strong, defeated King Charles II's 16,000 Royalists, of whom the vast majority were Scottish.

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  1. Pedigrees in Hutchinson, Cumberland, i. 207; Burke, Landed Gentry, 7th edit., i. 633
  2. Harl. MS. 1912, f. 31
  3. Carte, Ormonde (1851), v. 12, vi. 248
  4. Carte, Hist. of England, iv. 652
  5. Cal. State Papers, Dom. 1661–2, p. 1

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The Dictionary of National Biography (DNB) is a standard work of reference on notable figures from British history, published since 1885. The updated Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (ODNB) was published on 23 September 2004 in 60 volumes and online, with 50,113 biographical articles covering 54,922 lives.