Titi swamp

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Titi swamp is a swamp habitat in Florida and Georgia where species of Cliftonia monophylla ("Buckwheat tree" or "Black titi") and/or Cyrilla racemiflora ("Ironwood" or "white titi") predominate. [1] Titi swamps are characterized by their nutrient rich and wet soil that is ideal for the growth of C. monophylia and C. racemiflora, which are both perennial trees/shrubs. [2] [3]

The town of Ty Ty in Tift County, Georgia, is named after one of the numerous small creeks named, in turn, for the presence of these scrubby trees in their boggy fringes. [4]

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<i>Cyrilla</i> Genus of flowering plants

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<i>Cliftonia</i> Genus of trees

Cliftonia monophylla, the buck-wheat tree, buckwheat tree or black titi, is a tree native to the southeastern United States. It is the sole species in the genus Cliftonia.

Florida scrub Temperate coniferous forests ecoregion of Florida, United States

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Pinyon–juniper woodland

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<i>Pinguicula ionantha</i> Species of carnivorous plant

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<i>Smilax laurifolia</i> Species of flowering plant

Smilax laurifolia is a species of flowering plant in the greenbrier family known by the common names laurel greenbrier, laurelleaf greenbrier, bamboo vine, and blaspheme vine. It is native to the southeastern United States, where it occurs along the Gulf and Atlantic coastal plains from Texas to New Jersey, the range extending inland to Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Tennessee. It also occurs in Cuba and the Bahamas.

Cypress dome Swamp dominated by pond or bald cypress

A cypress dome is a type of freshwater forested wetland, or a swamp, found in the southeastern part of the United States. They are dominated by the Taxodium spp., either the bald cypress, or pond cypress. The name comes from the dome-like shape of treetops, formed by smaller trees growing on the edge where the water is shallow while taller trees grow at the center in deeper water. They usually appear as circular, but if the center is too deep, they form a “doughnut” shape when viewed from above. Cypress domes are characteristically small compared to other swamps, however they can occur at a range of sizes, dependent on the depth.

<i>Nyssa biflora</i> Species of tree

Nyssa biflora, commonly referred to as the swamp tupelo, or swamp black-gum is a species of tupelo that lives in wetland habitats. Swamp tupelo grows chiefly in the coastal plains from Delaware, eastern Maryland, and southeastern Virginia, south to southern Florida and west to eastern Texas. Its range extends north up the Mississippi Valley to southern Arkansas and west and south Tennessee.

Strand swamp

A strand swamp or strand is a type of swamp in Florida that forms a linear drainage channel on flatlands. A forested wetland ecological habitat, strands occur on land areas with high water tables where the lack of slope prevents stream formation. Strands are more linear than the cypress dome swamps that form in more rounded depressions and are fairly similar to floodplain swamps that form further north along streams and rivers.

Bayhead Swamp habitat where bay laurels predominate

A bayhead or baygall is a specific type of wetland or swamp habitat. The name baygall is derived from sweetbay magnolia and sweet gallberry holly. Baygalls are recognized as a discrete ecosystem by ecologist and the swamps have been described as "distinct wetland communities in the Natural Communities of Louisiana". Baygall swamps are most often found in the low laying margins of floodplains and bottomlands with little or poor drainage to the main creek, bayou, or river channel. Baygall or bayhead swamps found on slopes and hillsides are sometimes referred to as a forest seep or hanging bogs. Hanging bogs are typically found in hardwood-pine forests. Most baygall swamps are semi-permanently saturated, or flooded.

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The southern coastal plain blackwater river floodplain forest is a forest system found in Alabama, Mississippi, Florida, and Georgia. These forests occur in the drainages of blackwater rivers and streams whose dark water is caused by high levels of tannins, particulates, and other materials accumulated as they drain through swamps and marshes. The water has little mineral sediment and few suspended clay particles.

Southern coastal plain nonriverine basin swamp Ecological zone of southeastern US

The Southern coastal plain nonriverine basin swamp is a wetland system found along the southern Atlantic coastal plain and the eastern Gulf coastal plain, and extending into the Florida peninsula. These wetlands occur in large, seasonally flooded depressions away from rivers. Sites are often forested by trees including bald cypress, swamp tupelo, evergreen shrubs, and hardwoods. Slash pine is sometimes found. Characteristic shrubs include buckwheat tree, swamp cyrilla, fetterbush lyonia, and laurelleaf greenbrier.

The east Gulf coastal plain near-coast pine flatwoods are forests and woodlands found in the eastern Gulf coastal plain, in the states of Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, and Mississippi. They take the form of forests and woodlands on broad, sandy flatlands. Fires are naturally frequent, occurring every one to four years.

Vaccinium formosum, with common names highbush blueberry, southern blueberry, southern highbush blueberry, and swamp highbush blueberry, is a species of blueberry that is native to the Southeastern United States.


  1. Sunquist, Fiona, Melvin E. Sunquist & Les Beletsky (2007) Travellers' Wildlife Guides: Florida. Interlink Books ISBN   9781566566513
  2. "Cliftonia monophylla". www.wildflower.org. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  3. "Cyrilla racemiflora". www.wildflower.org. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  4. Goff, John Hedges (2007 reprint) Placenames of Georgia: Essays of John H. Goff. Athens: University of Georgia Press. ISBN   9780820331294