Tokunbo Vehicle

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Tokunbo Vehicle is the local name ascribed to used vehicles imported from Europe in Nigeria. [1] In Nigeria, the Tokunbo market signifies the place where different kinds of used items such as electronics, cars, and domestic goods are sold. [2] These products are popular among the lower-middle class who cannot afford new cars often called Tear Rubber [3] [4]



The Tokunbo market represents one of the few ways to determine the strength or soundness of an economy, because it creates a dumping ground of used and hazardous products from developed nations to the developing ones. Therefore, a nation with such an engagement could be showing effect of economic deficiency. [5] [6] These products are imported through our sea port and land border (Cotonou e.g. Tin can Island in Apapa). [7] According to the expert in the market, model which is the year of manufacture of the product is determined by the life span of such product.

Negative impact of engaging in Tokunbo Market

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