Thomas Paramor "Tom" Gill (born 1960) is a Japan-based social anthropologist whose research has focused mainly on marginal groups in Japanese society.
An anthropologist is a person engaged in the practice of anthropology. Anthropology is the study of various aspects of humans within past and present societies. Social anthropology, cultural anthropology, and philosophical anthropology study the norms and values of societies. Linguistic anthropology studies how language affects social life, while economic anthropology studies human economic behavior. Biological (physical), forensic, and medical anthropology study the biological development of humans, the application of biological anthropology in a legal setting, and the study of diseases and their impacts on humans over time, respectively.
Japan is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south.
He was born in Portsmouth, UK, and got his doctorate in social anthropology from the London School of Economics in 1996. He was managing editor of Social Science Japan Journal from 1999 to 2003, since when he has been a professor at the Faculty of International Studies of Meiji Gakuin University, Yokohama, Japan.
The London School of Economics is a public research university located in London, England, and a constituent college of the federal University of London. Founded in 1895 by Fabian Society members Sidney Webb, Beatrice Webb, Graham Wallas, and George Bernard Shaw for the betterment of society, LSE joined the University of London in 1900 and established its first degree courses under the auspices of the University in 1901. The LSE started awarding its own degrees in 2008, prior to which it awarded degrees of the University of London.
Meiji Gakuin University is a Christian university in Tokyo and Yokohama that was established in 1863. The Reverend Dr. James Curtis Hepburn was one of its founders and served as the first president. The novelist and poet Shimazaki Toson graduated from this college and wrote the lyrics of its college song.
Yokohama is the second largest city in Japan by population, and the most populous municipality of Japan. It is the capital city of Kanagawa Prefecture. It lies on Tokyo Bay, south of Tokyo, in the Kantō region of the main island of Honshu. It is a major commercial hub of the Greater Tokyo Area.
Gill has written many papers in English and Japanese on casual labor, homelessness and masculinity. A book, Men of Uncertainty: the Social Organization of Day Laborers in Contemporary Japan, was published by State University of New York Press in 2001. A review in Cornell University's ILR Review stated "Men of Uncertainty not only is a brilliant case study of Japanese day laborers, but also eloquently demonstrates that the Japanese industrial relations system as a whole is far more complex than some have led us to believe."Gill specializes in street ethnography and has spent extended periods with homeless men in Japan, the US and the UK.
Since 2011, he has been researching the social impacts of the Fukushima nuclear disaster. His paper on the irradiated hamlet of Nagadoro is included in the collection Japan Copes with Calamity: Ethnographies of the Earthquake, Tsunami and Nuclear Disasters of 2011 (Peter Lang 2013), which he co-edited with Brigitte Steger and David Slater. A Japanese version has also been published, in Higashi Nihon Daishinsai no Jinruigaku (Anthropology of the Great East Japan Disaster, Jinbun Shoin, 2013).
Gill has a side interest in classic Japanese manga, and has published several papers on Yoshiharu Tsuge.
Anthropology is the scientific study of humans and human behavior and societies in the past and present. Social anthropology and cultural anthropology study the norms and values of societies. Linguistic anthropology studies how language affects social life. Biological or physical anthropology studies the biological development of humans.
Medical anthropology studies "human health and disease, health care systems, and biocultural adaptation". It views humans from multidimensional and ecological perspectives. It is one of the most highly developed areas of anthropology and applied anthropology, and is a subfield of social and cultural anthropology that examines the ways in which culture and society are organized around or influenced by issues of health, health care and related issues.
Gekiga (劇画) is a Japanese term for comics that literally means "dramatic pictures". It describes comics aimed at adult audiences with a cinematic style and more mature themes. The name gekiga was coined in 1957 by Yoshihiro Tatsumi and adopted by other more serious Japanese cartoonists, who did not want their trade to be known by the more common term manga or "whimsical pictures". It is akin to English speakers who prefer the term "graphic novel", as opposed to "comic book".
The New York State School of Industrial and Labor Relations at Cornell University (ILR) is an industrial relations school at Cornell University, located in Ithaca, New York, United States. The School has six academic departments which include: Economics, Human Resource Management, International and Comparative Labor, Labor Relations, Organizational Behavior; and Social Statistics.
William Foote Whyte was a sociologist chiefly known for his ethnographic study in urban sociology, Street Corner Society. A pioneer in participant observation, he lived for four years in an Italian community in Boston while a Junior Fellow at Harvard researching social relations of street gangs in Boston's North End.
Garo (ガロ) was a monthly manga anthology magazine in Japan, founded in 1964 by Katsuichi Nagai. It specialized in alternative and avant-garde manga.
Ryoichi Ikegami is a manga artist. After graduating from junior high school he moved to Osaka and drew manga while working as a billboard sign painter debuting at the age of 17 writing rental comics. In 1966 he published a story called Tsumi no Ishiki (罪の意識) in the gekiga magazine Garo that caught the eye of fellow Garo contributor, manga artist Shigeru Mizuki, who offered him a job as his assistant. Ikegami accepted and moved to Tokyo and worked as Mizuki's assistant for two and a half years. In 2001, he won the Shogakukan Manga Award for general manga as the artist of Heat. He became a professor at Osaka University of Arts in 2005.
Hideshi Hino is a Japanese manga artist who specializes in horror stories. His comics include Hell Baby, Hino Horrors, and Panorama of Hell. He also wrote and directed two of the Guinea Pig horror movies: Flower of Flesh and Blood, which he also starred in, and Mermaid in a Manhole.
Morris Edward Opler, American anthropologist and advocate of Japanese American civil rights, was born in Buffalo, New York. He was the brother of Marvin Opler, an anthropologist and social psychiatrist.
Digital anthropology is the anthropological study of the relationship between humans and digital-era technology. The field is new, and thus has a variety of names with a variety of emphases. These include techno-anthropology, digital ethnography, cyberanthropology, and virtual anthropology.
James P. Spradley (1933–1982) was a professor of Anthropology at Macalester College from 1969. Spradley wrote or edited 20 books on ethnography and qualitative research including Participant Observation and The Ethnographic Interview. In The Ethnographic Interview, Spradley describes 12 steps for developing an ethnographic study using ethnosemantics. This book followed his 1972 textbook The Cultural Experience: Ethnography in Complex Society. He was a major figure in the development of the "new ethnography" which saw every individual as a carrier of the culture rather than simply looking to the outputs of the great artists of the time.
The American Ethnological Society (AES) is the oldest professional anthropological association in the United States.
Daniel Miller is an anthropologist most closely associated with studies of our relationships to things and the consequences of consumption. His theoretical work was first developed in Material Culture and Mass Consumption and is summarised more recently in his book Stuff. This is concerned to transcend the usual dualism between subject and object and to study how social relations are created through consumption as an activity. More recently as the founder of the digital anthropology programme at University College London (UCL), and the director the Why We Post and ASSA projects he has pioneered the study of digital anthropology and especially ethnographic research on the use and consequences of social media and smartphones as part of the everyday life of ordinary people around the world.
Theodore C. Bestor is a Professor of Anthropology and Japanese Studies at Harvard University. He was the President for the Association for Asian Studies in 2012.
Susumu Katsumata was a Japanese manga artist.
Yoshiharu Tsuge is a Japanese cartoonist and essayist. He was active in comics between 1955 and 1987. His works range from tales of ordinary life to dream-like surrealism, and often show his interest in traveling about Japan. He has garnered the most attention from the surrealistic works he had published in the late 1960s in the avant-garde magazine Garo.
Daniel P. Aldrich is an academic in the fields of political science, public policy and Asian studies. He is currently professor of political science and public policy at Northeastern University and was a Fulbright research fellow at the University of Tokyo's Economic's Department for the 2012-2013 academic year. His recent research and 2nd book Building Resilience, prompted in part by his own family's experience of Hurricane Katrina, explore how communities around the world respond to and recover from disaster.
Margaret Lock is a distinguished Canadian medical anthropologist, known for her publications in connection with an anthropology of the body and embodiment, comparative epistemologies of medical knowledge and practice, and the global impact of emerging biomedical technologies.
Trash Market is a volume of autobiographical and reality-based gekiga short stories by Japanese manga artist Tadao Tsuge. The stories were originally serialized mainly in the Japanese alternative manga magazine Garo from 1968 to 1972. In English, they were published by Drawn and Quarterly on 12 May 2015. Many of the stories are based on Tsuge's life experiences such as his time at a blood bank, and critics have noted the realism of the stories.
"Screw Style" is a Japanese one-shot surreal psychological manga written and illustrated by essayist and cartoonist Yoshiharu Tsuge. It was published in the June 1968 issue of Garo magazine and gained cult status among Japanese youth at the time. It was subsequently translated into English by Bill Randall for the American magazine The Comics Journal for its February 2003 issue no. 250. The manga was also adapted into a game for the Japanese PC-9800 platform in 1989.