Professor Toma Macovei (July 23, 1911 – April 25, 2003) was born in Ghergheasa, Romania, and lived in Mizil. He joined the Army at a young age and served as an officer for 14 years. He was knighted for his heroism in fighting for Romanian liberation.
Ghergheasa is a commune in Buzău County, Romania. It is composed of two villages, Ghergheasa and Sălcioara.
Romania is a country located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe. It borders the Black Sea to the southeast, Bulgaria to the south, Ukraine to the north, Hungary to the west, Serbia to the southwest, and Moldova to the east. It has a predominantly temperate-continental climate. With a total area of 238,397 square kilometres (92,046 sq mi), Romania is the 12th largest country and also the 7th most populous member state of the European Union, having almost 20 million inhabitants. Its capital and largest city is Bucharest, and other major urban areas include Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara, Iași, Constanța, Craiova, and Brașov.
Mizil is a town in Prahova County, Romania. Located in the southeastern part of the county, it lies along the road between the cities of Ploiești and Buzău, and to the northeast of the national capital, Bucharest. Its position led it to become a thriving market town beginning in the 18th century, before a long period of economic decline began in the early 20th century. Agriculture gave way to industry as the chief employment under the Communist regime, but the town has continued to face difficulties in the wake of a late-1990s deindustrialisation.
After completing seminary studies, he became a professor of philosophy and languages. He learned Interlingua in 1982 and contributed many articles to Interlingua periodicals. In 1988, he compiled his first book in Interlingua, Le Vita Anecdotic del Homines Illustre (The Anecdotal Life of Illustrious Men), followed by Ab le Auro Spiritual del Scena e del Schermo (From the Spiritual Gold of the Stage and the Screen) in 1991, Joieles Spiritual (Spiritual Jewels) in 1995, and Miscellanea, Insolite Creationes Spiritual (Miscellanea, Unusual Spiritual Creations) in 1996. At least 10 other manuscripts by Macovei are currently awaiting publication.
Interlingua is an Italic international auxiliary language (IAL), developed between 1937 and 1951 by the International Auxiliary Language Association (IALA). It ranks among the top most widely used IALs, and is the most widely used naturalistic IAL: in other words, its vocabulary, grammar and other characteristics are derived from natural languages, rather than being centrally planned. Interlingua was developed to combine a simple, mostly regular grammar with a vocabulary common to the widest possible range of western European languages, making it unusually easy to learn, at least for those whose native languages were sources of Interlingua's vocabulary and grammar. Conversely, it is used as a rapid introduction to many natural languages.
In 1999 and 2000, he completed the Dictionario Encyclopedic de Interlingua (Encyclopedic Dictionary of Interlingua). This manuscript also awaits publication as editors consider ways to transfer the enormous, typewritten volume into digital format.
An encyclopedia or encyclopædia is a reference work or compendium providing summaries of knowledge from either all branches or from a particular field or discipline. Encyclopedias are divided into articles or entries that are often arranged alphabetically by article name and sometimes by thematic categories. Encyclopedia entries are longer and more detailed than those in most dictionaries. Generally speaking, unlike dictionary entries—which focus on linguistic information about words, such as their etymology, meaning, pronunciation, use, and grammatical forms—encyclopedia articles focus on factual information concerning the subject named in the article's title.
Alexander Gottfried Friedrich Gode-von Aesch, or simply Alexander Gode, was a German-American linguist, translator and the driving force behind the creation of the auxiliary language Interlingua.
Dumitru Stăniloae was a Romanian Orthodox Christian priest, theologian and professor. He worked for over 45 years on a comprehensive Romanian translation of the Greek Philokalia, a collection of writings on prayer by the Church Fathers, together with the hieromonk, Arsenie Boca, who brought manuscripts from Mount Athos. His book, The Dogmatic Orthodox Theology (1978), made him one of the best-known Christian theologians of the second half of the 20th century. He also produced commentaries on earlier Christian thinkers, such as St Gregory of Nyssa, Saint Maximus the Confessor, and St Athanasius of Alexandria.
Pavel Aleksandrovich Krushevan was a journalist, editor, publisher and an official in the Imperial Russia. He was an active Black Hundredist and was known for his far-right, ultra-nationalist and openly antisemitic views and was the first publisher of The Protocols of the Elders of Zion.
Monica Luisa Macovei is a Romanian politician, lawyer and former prosecutor, currently a Member of the European Parliament from the European Conservatives and Reformists and formerly a member of the Romanian Democratic Liberal Party. She was the Minister of Justice of Romania in the first cabinet of Prime Minister Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu. In this position she was credited with implementing the justice reforms required for Romania to become a member state of the European Union. Macovei was also an independent candidate in Romania's 2014 presidential elections.
Tomáš Josef Špidlík, SJ was a Czech prelate of the Catholic Church. He was a Jesuit priest and theologian. Pope John Paul II made him a Cardinal in 2003.
Mondial is an international auxiliary language created by the Swedish school principal Helge Heimer, in the 1940s. It received favourable reviews from several academic linguists but achieved little practical success. Grammars and dictionaries were published in Swedish, French, English, Italian, and German.
Herbert Newhard Shenton was a professor of Sociology at Columbia University and later at Syracuse University in New York. He was executive secretary of the International Auxiliary Language Association (IALA) from 1924 until his death in 1937. The interlinguistic work of IALA culminated in the publication of the Interlingua–English Dictionary and Interlingua Grammar in 1951. Through these historic works, IALA first presented Interlingua to the general public.
The Brazilian Union for Interlingua is the national Interlingua organization in Brazil. The UBI, founded at the first Brazilian Interlingua Conference in 1990, teaches and promotes Interlingua in South American countries. The UBI arranges annual conferences in Brazil and maintains representation in some Brazilian states.
Július Tomin (1915–2003) was a high school teacher and well-known author from Czechoslovakia. He was persecuted during the Soviet occupation for promoting Interlingua as a second language.
Klavs Neerbek is a Danish author and gymnasium professor. He founded the electronics firm Rap Soft. Bjarner Svejgaard, who had established the Electronic Installation for Calculations at the Geodetic Institute, interested him in text processing during his early years. In 1963, he became a student of mathematics at the Østersøgade Gymnasium, where he helped edit Extra-Posta, the first school magazine in Interlingua.
Robert Paul Austerlitz was a noted Romanian-American linguist. Born in Bucarest, he emigrated to the United States in 1938. In June 1950, he received a Master of Arts from Columbia University, where he studied under André Martinet. With funding from the Ford Foundation, he studied the Uralic and Altaic languages at the University of Helsinki from 1951 to 1953 and Nivkh and Hokkaido at the University of Tokyo from 1953 to 1954.
The history of Interlingua comprises the formation of the language itself as well as its community of speakers.
André Schild : born in Fontainemelon or Cernier in the Swiss canton of Neuchâtel. He was a linguist and former administrator of the Universal Esperanto Association in Geneva. He taught at the Benedict School (Bénédict-Schule) in Basel. He published the outline of his Neolatino system in 1947.
Guiron le Courtois is a character in Arthurian legend, a knight-errant and one of the central figures in the French romance known as Palamedes, with later versions named Guiron le Courtois and the Compilation of Rustichello da Pisa. In the course of his adventures he becomes the companion of Danyn the Red, Lord of the Castle of Malaonc, whose wife, the Lady of Malaonc, is the most beautiful woman in Britain. Guiron and the lady fall in love, but the courteous knight remains loyal to his friend Danyn. Later both knights fall in love with the lady Bloye, but this time Guiron triumphs, though the couple are imprisoned and the story continues with the adventures of their son, also named Guiron.
Stefan Macovei is a Romanian contemporary sculptor.
Adrian Papahagi is a Romanian philologist, essayist and politician. In 2014, he was one of the founders of PMP. In March 2015, he founded, together with Monica Macovei a new political party, M10. Adrian Papahagi is currently professor at the Babeș-Bolyai University, in Cluj.
Gheorghe Macovei was a Romanian geologist.
Aleksandr Ivanovich Yatsimirsky was a Russian philologist-slavistic and a specialist in history of Romania and Moldavia. He was one of the authors of the Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary.
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