Toposa may refer to:
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Turkana is the language of the Turkana people of Kenya. It is spoken in northwestern Kenya, primarily in Turkana County, which lies west of Lake Turkana. It is one of the Eastern Nilotic languages, and is closely related to Karamojong, Jie and Teso of Uganda, to Toposa spoken in the extreme southeast of South Sudan, and to Nyangatom in the South Sudan/Ethiopia Omo valley borderland; these languages together form the cluster of Teso–Turkana languages.
The Karamojong or Karimojong are an ethnic group of agro-pastoral herders living mainly in the north-east of Uganda. Their language is also known as Karamojong or Karimojong, and is part of the Nilo-Saharan language group.
The Toposa are an ethnic group in South Sudan, living in the Greater Kapoeta region of the erstwhile Eastern Equatoria state. They have traditionally lived by herding cattle, sheep and goats, and in the past were involved in the ivory trade. They have a tradition of constant low-level warfare, usually cattle raids, against their neighbors.
The Nyangatom also known as Donyiro and pejoratively as Bumé are Nilotic agro-pastoralists inhabiting the border of southwestern Ethiopia and southeastern South Sudan and in the Ilemi Triangle with populations residing in both countries. They speak the Nyangatom language.
The Teso–Turkana languages are a cluster of Eastern Nilotic languages, eastern South Sudan, northeastern Uganda, northwestern Kenya, and southwestern Ethiopia. In effect they form a dialect cluster consisting of c.2 million people.
Mount Zulia is in the Karamoja region in the north-east of Uganda in the Kidepo Valley National Park. Mount Morungole and the Labwor and Dodoth Hills, which reach heights in excess of 2,000 metres (6,600 ft), are nearby. Mount Zulia is 2,149 metres (7,051 ft) high.
Kapoeta is a town in South Sudan. It is located in Kapoeta South County, in Namorunyang State, in southeastern South Sudan.
Nyangatom is a Nilo-Saharan language spoken in Ethiopia by the Nyangatom people. It is an oral language only, having no working orthography at present. Related languages include Toposa and Turkana, both of which have a level of mutual intelligibility; Blench (2012) counts it as a dialect of Turkana.
The Boma Plateau is a region in the east of South Sudan, located in the Jonglei and Eastern Equatoria provinces. It is inhabited by the Anuak, Murle and Toposa peoples. It contains important wetlands for birdlife in the region. Wildlife is threatened by overgrazing by cattle, and by overhunting by local tribes with firearms.
Toposa is a Nilo-Saharan language spoken in South Sudan by the Toposa people. Mutually intelligible language varieties include Jiye of South Sudan, Nyangatom of Ethiopia, Karimojong, Jie and Dodos of Uganda and Turkana of Kenya. Teso is lexically more distant.
Namorunyang is a village and Payam of Kapoeta South County in Namorunyang State, South Sudan.
Narus is a community in the Namorunyang State state of South Sudan. It is the headquarters of Kapoeta East County.
The Didinga Hills are an upland area in Namorunyang State of South Sudan, lying mainly within Budi County. Before the reorganisation of states, it was a part of Eastern Equatoria. They are named for the Didinga people who live in the region. The Didinga Hills have rich and fertile soil that is used for cultivation of tobacco, potatoes, maize, and Dura.
Nadapal is a community in the south west of Kapoeta East County, South Sudan near the border with the Rift Valley province of Kenya. The Nadapal belt is an area stretching 25 kilometres (16 mi) southward from the border with South Sudan to Lokichogio in Kenya.
The Singaita River is a river in Eastern Equatoria state of South Sudan that flows through the town of Kapoeta.
The Loyuro River is a stream in Eastern Equatoria State of South Sudan. The river originates in the east of Didinga Hills, flowing eastward into Greater Kapoeta and discharging into the swampy area northeast of Narus. The river floods during the rainy season, but ceases to flow at other times. The Toposa people have a ritual center at Loyuro River. Lolimi is a permanent water hole on the river, on the road between Narus and Kapoeta.
Riwoto is a community in Eastern Equatoria state of South Sudan. It is a payam and village in Kapoeta North County.
The Jie are an ethnic group of Uganda. They belong to the Karamojong Cluster, which also includes the Karamojong and Dodoth people. Their country in northeast Uganda lies between the Dodoth to the north and the Karamojong to the south.
The Dodoth are an ethnic group in north eastern Uganda. They belong to the Karamojong Cluster, which also includes the Karamojong and Jie people. Their language is a dialect of the Karamojong language.
Kapoeta East County is an administrative region of Namorunyang State. Before reorganisation of states in 2015, it was a part of Eastern Equatoria state in South Sudan, bordered by Kenya to the south, Ethiopia to the east and Jonglei state to the west. It is part of the Greater Kapoeta region of the state. The largest ethnic group is the Toposa people. The principal town is Narus. The county includes the disputed Ilemi triangle, controlled by Kenya. The emblem of the county is a horned bull, with big humps and a large tail.