Toposa language

Last updated
Native to South Sudan
Region Eastern Africa
Ethnicity Toposa
Speakers320,000 (2017) [1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 toq
Glottolog topo1242
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Toposa (also Akara, Kare, Kumi, Taposa, Topotha) is a Nilo-Saharan language (Eastern Sudanic, Nilotic) spoken in South Sudan by the Toposa people. Mutually intelligible language varieties include Jiye of South Sudan, Nyangatom of Ethiopia, Karimojong, Jie [2] and Dodos of Uganda and Turkana of Kenya. Teso (spoken in both Kenya and Uganda) is lexically more distant.




Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar
Plosive Voiceless ptk
Voiced bdɡ
Affricate Voicelesst͡ʃ
Fricative s
Nasal mnɲŋ
Flap r
Approximant wlj


Front Central Back
Close iu
Mid eo
Front Central Back
Close ɪʊ
Mid ɛɔ
Open a


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  1. Toposa at Ethnologue (25th ed., 2022) Closed Access logo transparent.svg
  2. Jiye and Jie are the same name, but refer to different varieties
  3. Schröder & Schröder 1987b, p. 27
  4. Schröder & Schröder 1987a, p. 17