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TrueImage is a PostScript-compatible interpreter (clone) originally developed by Cal Bauer and Bauer Enterprises and sold to Microsoft in 1989. [1] [2] [3] Microsoft subsequently cross-licensed TrueImage to Apple Computer in exchange for a TrueType license. [4] After many delays, Microsoft finally delivered version 1.0 of TrueImage to Apple; Apple announced they would be licensing PostScript Level 2 from Adobe Systems a few months later. [5] [6]

Apple tried to build one product on TrueImage, but no TrueImage products were ever released by the company. [7] However, TrueImage was used in a variety of laser printers, such as Abaton [8] Okidata [9] and LaserMaster [10] [11] [12] into the mid-1990s, with limited success.[ citation needed ]

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PostScript (PS) is a page description language in the electronic publishing and desktop publishing business. It is a dynamically typed, concatenative programming language. It was created at Adobe Systems by John Warnock, Charles Geschke, Doug Brotz, Ed Taft and Bill Paxton from 1982 to 1984.

TrueType is an outline font standard developed by Apple in the late 1980s as a competitor to Adobe's Type 1 fonts used in PostScript. It has become the most common format for fonts on the classic Mac OS, macOS, and Microsoft Windows operating systems.

A page printer is a computer printer which processes and prints a, whole page at a time, as opposed to printers which print one line or character at a time such as line printers and dot-matrix printers. Page printers are often all incorrectly termed “laser printers”—although virtually all laser printers are page printers, other page printing technologies also exist

LaserWriter Laser printer by Apple

The LaserWriter is a laser printer with built-in PostScript interpreter sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from 1985 to 1988. It was one of the first laser printers available to the mass market. In combination with WYSIWYG publishing software like PageMaker, that operated on top of the graphical user interface of Macintosh computers, the LaserWriter was a key component at the beginning of the desktop publishing revolution.

Aldus Corporation Desktop publishing software company

Aldus Corporation was a software company that developed desktop publishing (DTP) software. It is known for developing PageMaker, an early product in the desktop publishing field. The company is named after 15th-century Venetian printer Aldus Manutius, and was founded by Jeremy Jaech, Mark Sundstrom, Mike Templeman, Dave Walter, and chairman Paul Brainerd. Aldus Corporation was based in Seattle, Washington.

Adobe PageMaker

Adobe PageMaker is a discontinued desktop publishing computer program introduced in 1985 by the Aldus Corporation on the Apple Macintosh. The combination of the Macintosh's graphical user interface, PageMaker publishing software, and the Apple LaserWriter laser printer marked the beginning of the desktop publishing revolution. Ported to PCs running Windows 1.0 in 1987, PageMaker helped to popularize both the Macintosh platform and the Windows environment.

Arial Sans-serif, neo-grotesque typeface serving as an alternative to Helvetica

Arial, sometimes marketed or displayed in software as Arial MT, is a sans-serif typeface and set of computer fonts in the neo-grotesque style. Fonts from the Arial family are packaged with all versions of Microsoft Windows from Windows 3.1 onwards, some other Microsoft software applications, Apple's macOS and many PostScript 3 computer printers. The typeface was designed in 1982, by Robin Nicholas and Patricia Saunders, for Monotype Typography. It was created to be metrically identical to the popular typeface Helvetica, with all character widths identical, so that a document designed in Helvetica could be displayed and printed correctly without having to pay for a Helvetica license.

HP LaserJet

LaserJet as a brand name identifies the line of laser printers marketed by the American computer company Hewlett-Packard (HP). The HP LaserJet was the world's first desktop laser printer. As of 2016, Canon supplies both mechanisms and cartridges for all HP's laser printers.

Variable Data Intelligent Postscript Printware is an open language from Xerox that enables highest-performance output of variable-data PostScript documents. It is used by the FreeFlow VI Suite (VIPP) front end.

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Laser 128

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The NeXT Laser Printer [NeXT PN N2000] was a 400 DPI PostScript laser printer, sold by NeXT from late 1988 to 1993 for the NeXTstation and NeXTcube workstations and manufactured by Canon Inc. It included an adjustable paper tray, which enabled it to print on several paper sizes including A4, letter-size, and those of legal and envelope varieties. It was very similar to other printers based on the Canon SX engine, such as the Apple LaserWriter II series and HP LaserJet II/III, although those other printers only printed at 300x300 dpi. Some parts are interchangeable with the LaserJet II/III.

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Color LaserWriter

The Color LaserWriter was a line of PostScript four-color laser printers manufactured by Apple Computer, Inc. in the mid-1990s. These printers were compatible with PCs and Apple's own Macintosh line of computers; these printers were also able to connect to large networks by way of the use of an 10baseT Ethernet port. Two models were released.

Qume was a manufacturer of daisy-wheel printers originally located in Hayward, California, later moving to San Jose. Around 1980, it also opened a manufacturing facility in Puerto Rico. It once dominated the daisy-wheel market. As the market for its printers declined in the 1980s, the company developed a line of computer terminals. It was founded by David S. Lee and Robert E. Schroeder in 1973, grew to become the largest printer company in the world, and was acquired by ITT Corporation for an unprecedented $164M in 1978. It remained a division of ITT until its acquisition by Wyse Technology sometime before 1995. Qume also manufactured floppy diskette drives, particularly 5.25" ones, but it also manufactured 8" diskette drives as well. Qume's diskette drives were included in some IBM PC models, such as the Portable Personal Computer and PCjr.

PostScript fonts are font files encoded in outline font specifications developed by Adobe Systems for professional digital typesetting. This system uses PostScript file format to encode font information.

Banner Mania

Banner Mania was a banner making program for IBM PC compatible computers, enabling the user to create banners, posters, signs and logos. It was released by Broderbund in 1989 and was developed for Pixellite Group by Presage Software Development and written by Christopher Schardt and Dane Bigham.


  1. Printer Vendors Balk at Implementing True Image (Poscript Clone Faces Hardware Problems), By Kristi Coale, Page 1, InfoWorld, 30 Apr 1990
  2. Executive Changes: Printer executive leaves Microsoft, Page 108, InfoWorld, 17 Jun 1991, ...Cal Bauer...acquired Bauer Enterprises in July 1989 to produce Tru Image, a PostScript-compatible printer driver...
  3. Apple and Microsoft Declare War on Adobe By Greg Scott, October 30, 1989 - Volume 4, Number 17, U-M Computing News, Volume 4, Page 63
  4. System 7.0 Delay May Stall True Type, Page 101, InfoWorld, 30 Apr 1990
  5. Eyes focus on Trueimage, By James Daly, Page 92, Computerworld, 17 Jun 1991
  6. Microsoft Afraid That True Image Isn't Ready for the Major Leagues, By Robert X. Cringely, Page 126, InfoWorld 9 Apr 1990, ...Bauer Postscript, now called True Image...
  7. Driving Adobe: Co-founder Charles Geschke on Challenges, Change and Values - Knowledge@Wharton - University of Pennsylvania, USA, 2008-09-03.
  8. Abaton to Ship $2,995 Multiuser Laser Printer, By Kristi Coale, Page 24, InfoWorld 7 May 1990, ...The 300-dot-per-inch (dpi) printer is a Postscript clone based on the Microsoft/Bauer Postscript interpreter...
  9. Okidata User's Guide DOC-IT 3000/4000 TrueImage Page Description Language (PDL) .
  10. High beam [ dead link ]. [ dead link ]
  11. LaserMaster Technologies Inc.; Microsoft Corp. (alliances) (Mergers/Acquisitions/Alliances) - Software Industry Report, July 1, 1991, HighBeam Research
  12. Microsoft backs off challenge to Adobe; in about-face, it refocuses on Windows-based printing solutions. (Microsoft will not compete with Adobe Systems Inc.'s PostScript page description language) (Trends & Technology) - Computer Shopper, October 1, 1991, HighBeam Research