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Tsotne Bakuria (born December 22, 1971 in Tbilisi, Soviet Union) was a member of the regional legislature of the Autonomous Republic of Adjara, Georgia. In the Georgian parliamentary elections of November 2003, he was elected to the parliament of Georgia on the party list of the Democratic Revival Union, the party led by Adjaran strongman Aslan Abashidze. However, Bakuria was never able to take his seat in parliament because Georgian President Eduard Shevardnadze was overthrown in the Rose Revolution, and the elections were declared invalid. After the Rose Revolution, Bakuria settled in the United States. He was a representative to the Council of Europe from 2001–2004, and an associate member of the European Union, Brussels.
He graduated from Tbilisi State University in 1993, and additionally received a BA in political science from Saarland University, Germany, in 1994. He received an MA in international relations from University of Erlangen-Nuremberg in 1998, and was a 2005 visiting scholar at George Washington University, Washington, D.C.
Bakuria is an expert in Eurasian and the Caucasus region political affairs, has published numerous commentaries for international publications, and is a frequent television commentator.
Politics in Georgia involve a parliamentary representative democratic republic with a multi-party system. The President of Georgia is the ceremonial head of state and the Prime Minister of Georgia is the head of government. The Prime Minister and the Government wield executive power. Legislative power is vested in both the Government and the unicameral Parliament of Georgia.
Eduard Ambrosis dze Shevardnadze was a Georgian politician and diplomat who ruled the Georgian SSR from 1972 until 1985, after which he became the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Soviet Union. In 1992 he become the leader of Georgia after president Zviad Gamsakhurdia resigned. In 1995, he became President and served until his resignation in 2003 because of the Rose Revolution.
Mikheil Saakashvili is a Georgian and Ukrainian politician and jurist. He was the third President of Georgia for two consecutive terms from 25 January 2004 to 17 November 2013. From May 2015 until November 2016, Saakashvili was the Governor of Ukraine's Odessa Oblast. He is the founder and former chairman of the United National Movement party. Saakashvili heads the Executive Committee of Ukraine's National Reform Council since 7 May 2020.
Nino Burjanadze is a Georgian politician and lawyer who served as Chairperson of the Parliament of Georgia from November 2001 to June 2008. As the first woman she has served as the acting head of state of Georgia twice; the first time from 23 November 2003 to 25 January 2004 in the wake of Eduard Shevardnadze's resignation during the Rose Revolution, and again from 25 November 2007 to 20 January 2008, when Mikheil Saakashvili stepped down to rerun in the early presidential elections. She withdrew into opposition to Saakashvili as the leader of the Democratic Movement-United Georgia party in 2008. In October 2013, she ran in the presidential election, competing against 22 candidates. She ended third with 10 percent of the vote.
Zurab Zhvania was a Georgian politician, who served as Prime Minister of Georgia and Speaker of the Parliament of Georgia.
United National Movement is a political party in Georgia founded by Mikheil Saakashvili which rose to power following the Rose Revolution.
Aslan Abashidze is the former leader of the Ajarian Autonomous Republic in western Georgia. He served in this capacity from 18 August 1991 to May 5, 2004. He resigned under the pressure of the central Georgian government and mass opposition rallies during the 2004 Adjara crisis, and has since lived in Moscow, Russia. On January 22, 2007, the Batumi city court found him guilty of misuse of office and embezzlement of GEL 98.2 million in state funds, and sentenced him to 15 years' imprisonment in absentia. He also faces a charge of murder of his former deputy, Nodar Imnadze, in 1991.
Zurab Tchiaberashvili is a Georgian politician and diplomat. He currently is a leading figure in the opposition European Georgia, after most recently serving as a governor of the Kakheti region.
The Revolution of Roses, often translated into English as the Rose Revolution, was a change of power in Georgia in November 2003. The revolution was brought about by widespread protests over the disputed parliamentary elections and culminated in the ousting of President Eduard Shevardnadze, which marked the end of the Soviet era of leadership in the country. The event derives its name from the climactic moment, when demonstrators led by Mikheil Saakashvili stormed the Parliament session with red roses in hand.
Giorgi Baramidze is a Georgian politician who served as Vice-Prime Minister of Georgia and State Minister for Euro-Atlantic Integration from 2004 to 2012. On October 21, 2012, he was elected as a vice-speaker of the Parliament of Georgia.
The New Rights Party (NRP), also translated as New Conservative Party (NCP), was a conservative political party in Georgia. It was an associate member of the International Democrat Union and applicant of the European People's Party.
Shalva Natelashvili is a Georgian politician, a founder of the Georgian Labour Party and its chair since 1995. He is a president of the International Geopolitical Center.
David Tkeshelashvili who was a Georgian politician. From 2010 to May 2013 he served as a Head of Administration to the President of Georgia.
Eldar Shengelaia is a Georgian and Soviet film director and screenwriter who directed ten films between 1957 and 1996. From 1990 to 2004, he was a member of the Parliament of Georgia. He has been awarded the titles of the People's Artist of Georgia (1979) and of the Soviet Union (1988). He has been a chairman of the Film-makers' Union of Georgia since 1976. Since 2008, he has been chairman of the State Council of Heraldry at the Parliament of Georgia.
Nikoloz "Niko" Lekishvili is a Georgian politician, former State Minister (Georgia) and Mayor of Tbilisi, member of the Parliament of Georgia.
Georgian Dream – Democratic Georgia is the governing party of Georgia. The party was established on 19 April 2012 by the billionaire businessman and politician Bidzina Ivanishvili. It was the leading party of the six-party Georgian Dream political coalition which won the 2012 parliamentary election.
Vakhtang Balavadze is a Georgian engineer, professor, entrepreneur, and former politician. He was the Minister of Energy and Natural Resources of Georgia from August 13, 2012 to October 25, 2012.
Giorgi Kvirikashvili is a Georgian politician who was Prime Minister of Georgia from 30 December 2015 to 13 June 2018. Prior to that he was Minister of Economy and Sustainable Development from 25 October 2012 until 1 September 2015, Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1 September 2015 until 30 December 2015, and Deputy Prime Minister from 26 July 2013 until 30 December 2015. Kvirikashvili has led initiatives to advance Euro-Atlantic and European integration and highlight Georgia as an attractive location for foreign investment.
Tinatin "Tina" Khidasheli is a Georgian jurist and politician. A Republican Party member and former civil society activist, she was appointed as Georgia's Minister of Defense on 1 May 2015, becoming the country's first ever female defense minister. She resigned on 1 August 2016, after her party decided to leave the ruling Georgian Dream coalition.
Vakhtang Rcheulishvili was a Georgian business executive and politician. He was member of the Parliament of Georgia from 1992 to 2003, leader of the Socialist Party of Georgia from 1995 to 2003, and founder of Georgia's largest construction company Center Point Group, which became embroiled in an embezzlement controversy.