Tswalu Kalahari Reserve

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Warthogs fighting in Tswalu Kalahari Reserve Warthogs (Phacochoerus africanus) young males fighting.jpg
Warthogs fighting in Tswalu Kalahari Reserve

The Tswalu Kalahari Reserve is a privately owned game reserve in the Northern Cape, South Africa. It is South Africa’s largest private game reserve, covering an area of over 114,000 hectares.

Northern Cape Province of South Africa

The Northern Cape is the largest and most sparsely populated province of South Africa. It was created in 1994 when the Cape Province was split up. Its capital is Kimberley. It includes the Kalahari Gemsbok National Park, part of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, an international park shared with Botswana. It also includes the Augrabies Falls and the diamond mining regions in Kimberley and Alexander Bay. The Namaqualand region in the west is famous for its Namaqualand daisies. The southern towns of De Aar and Colesberg, in the Great Karoo, are major transport nodes between Johannesburg, Cape Town and Port Elizabeth. In the northeast, Kuruman is known as a mission station and also for its artesian spring, the Eye of Kuruman. The Orange River flows through the province, forming the borders with the Free State in the southeast and with Namibia to the northwest. The river is also used to irrigate the many vineyards in the arid region near Upington.

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History

The Tswalu game reserve in the Southern Kalahari was created by Stephen Boler. He bought dozens of farms covering more than a thousand square kilometres to create a hunting reserve. His will specified that Nicky Oppenheimer should have first refusal on Tswalu, and the Oppenheimer family now owns and operates it.

Stephen Eckersley Boler was an English entrepreneur who founded a business dynasty and in later life became a conservationist in South Africa.

Nicky Oppenheimer South African businessman

Nicholas F. Oppenheimer is a South African billionaire businessman and philanthropist. He was formerly the chairman of De Beers diamond mining company and of its subsidiary, the Diamond Trading Company, and former deputy chairman of Anglo American. He is the third richest African.

Hunting was stopped by the Oppenheimers and man-made structures, farm buildings and fences were removed. New land was added to extend and protect habitats and territories. The grasses were allowed to grow. Indigenous game such as the critically endangered desert black rhino and black-maned Kalahari lions were introduced.

Tswalu Kalahari (lodge)

Tswalu Kalahari is a luxury private lodge [1] in the reserve, a member of National Geographic Unique Lodges of the World. There are nine suites at the Motse Lodge, and the private Tarkuni has five suites.

<i>National Geographic</i> Science, geography, history, and world culture magazine

National Geographic is the official magazine of the National Geographic Society. It has been published continuously since its first issue in 1888, nine months after the Society itself was founded. It primarily contains articles about science, geography, history, and world culture. The magazine is known for its thick square-bound glossy format with a yellow rectangular border and its extensive use of dramatic photographs. Controlling interest in the magazine has been held by The Walt Disney Company since 2019.

Big Five game

The reserve has all the 'big five', with the exception of elephant.

Big five game big-game hunters term

In Africa, the Big Five game animals are the lion, leopard, rhinoceros, elephant, and Cape buffalo. The term was coined by big-game hunters, and refers to the five most difficult animals in Africa to hunt on foot, but is now also widely used by safari tour operators.

Conservation

Tswalu Kalahari reserve is part of the Diamond Route. [2] The conservation work of Nicky and Strilli Oppenheimer was recognized with the WWF-Lonmin Award from the World Wide Fund for Nature in 2007. One of the rare species it contains is the endangered canid African wild dog. [3]

World Wide Fund for Nature international non-governmental organization

The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international non-governmental organization founded in 1961, working in the field of the wilderness preservation, and the reduction of human impact on the environment. It was formerly named the World Wildlife Fund, which remains its official name in Canada and the United States.

African wild dog species of canid native to Sub-Saharan Africa

The African wild dog is a canid native to sub-Saharan Africa. It is the largest of its family in Africa, and the only extant member of the genus Lycaon, which is distinguished from Canis by dentition highly specialised for a hypercarnivorous diet, and a lack of dewclaws. It was classified as endangered by the IUCN in 2016, as it had disappeared from much of its original range. The 2016 population was estimated at roughly 39 subpopulations containing 6,600 adults, only 1,400 of which were reproductive. The decline of these populations is ongoing, due to habitat fragmentation, human persecution and disease outbreaks.

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Kuruman Place in Northern Cape, South Africa

Kuruman is a town with just over 13,000 inhabitants in the Northern Cape province of South Africa. It is known for its scenic beauty and the Eye of Kuruman, a geological feature that brings water from deep underground. It was at first a mission station of the London Missionary Society founded by Robert Moffat in 1821. It was also the place where David Livingstone arrived for his first position as a missionary in 1841. The Kuruman River, which is dry except for flash floods after heavy rain, is named after the town.

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Trophy hunting or Sport hunting is hunting of wild game for human recreation. The trophy is the animal or part of the animal kept, and usually displayed, to represent the success of the hunt. The game sought is typically a large or impressively ornamented male, such as one having large horns or antlers. Generally, only parts of the animal are kept as a trophies and the carcass itself is used for food or donated to the local community.

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References

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Tswalu Kalahari Reserve at Wikimedia Commons Coordinates: 27°14′35″S22°24′18″E / 27.24306°S 22.40500°E / -27.24306; 22.40500