USS Savannah (1798)

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History
Flag of the United States.svgUnited States
Name: USS Savannah
Namesake: Savannah, a city in Georgia
Ordered: 4 May 1798
Builder: John Patterson, Savannah, Georgia
Completed: 1799
Commissioned: 20 March 1799
Fate: Sold February 1802
General characteristics
Type: row galley
Length: 51 ft 9 in (15.77 m)
Beam: 15 ft 0 in (4.57 m)
Draft: 5 ft 8 in (1.73 m)
Complement: 28
Armament:

The first USS Savannah was a coastal galley that served in the U.S. Navy from 1799 to 1802.

Row galley

A row galley was a term used by the early United States Navy for an armed watercraft that used oars rather than sails as a means of propulsion. During the age of sail row galleys had the advantage of propulsion while ships of sail might be stopped or running at slow speed because of lack of wind for their sails. While called galleys, they were based on different hull type than the Mediterranean galley, the term being used mainly due to the employment of oars.

Savannah was one of a number of small vessels authorized by an Act of Congress, approved 4 May 1798, to be used as Naval Militia training craft and for harbor defense. The Savannah class was designed by Joshua Humphreys and built at Savannah, Georgia, by John Patterson.

An Act of Congress is a statute enacted by the United States Congress. It can either be a Public Law, relating to the general public, or a Private Law, relating to specific institutions or individuals.

Joshua Humphreys American shipbuilder

Joshua Humphreys was an American ship builder and naval architect. He was the constructor of the original six frigates of the United States Navy and is known as the "Father of the American Navy".

Savannah, Georgia City in Georgia, United States

Savannah is the oldest city in the U.S. state of Georgia and is the county seat of Chatham County. Established in 1733 on the Savannah River, the city of Savannah became the British colonial capital of the Province of Georgia and later the first state capital of Georgia. A strategic port city in the American Revolution and during the American Civil War, Savannah is today an industrial center and an important Atlantic seaport. It is Georgia's fifth-largest city, with a 2017 estimated population of 146,444. The Savannah metropolitan area, Georgia's third-largest, had an estimated population of 387,543 in 2017.

Savannah was placed in service on 20 March 1799, with "Captain of a Galley" John F. Randolph in command. The galleys were placed under the immediate command of Major General Charles C. Pinckney on 19 April 1799.

Charles Cotesworth Pinckney American politician

Charles Cotesworth Pinckney was an early American statesman of South Carolina, Revolutionary War veteran, and delegate to the Constitutional Convention. He was twice nominated by the Federalist Party as its presidential candidate in 1804 and 1808, losing both elections.

Savannah was sold out of service in February 1802.

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References

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<i>Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships</i> book

The Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS) is the official reference work for the basic facts about ships used by the United States Navy.