15 April 2013 Iraq attacks

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15 April 2013 Iraq attacks
Part of Iraqi insurgency (post-U.S. withdrawal)
Location Across Iraq
Date 15 April 2013
Target Shia and Sunni civilians, Iraqi security forces
Attack type
Car bombings, suicide bombings, roadside bombings, shootings
Weapons
Deaths 75 [1]
Non-fatal injuries
356 [1]
Suspected perpetrators
Flag of The Islamic State of Iraq.jpg Islamic State of Iraq

A wave of bombings and shootings across Iraq killed at least 75 people and injured more than 356 others on 15 April. [1] The attacks came just days before the provincial elections which will be held on 20 April. [2]

Iraq republic in Western Asia

Iraq, officially known as the Republic of Iraq, is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west. The capital, and largest city, is Baghdad. Iraq is home to diverse ethnic groups including Arabs, Kurds, Assyrians, Turkmen, Shabakis, Yazidis, Armenians, Mandeans, Circassians and Kawliya. Around 95% of the country's 37 million citizens are Muslims, with Christianity, Yarsan, Yezidism and Mandeanism also present. The official languages of Iraq are Arabic and Kurdish.

Contents

Background

Violence in Iraq has decreased since its peak in 2006–07, but attacks remain common. [3] Deaths rose in 2012 for the first time in three years. [4]

In the months leading up to the 20 April provincial elections, the first since the withdrawal of US forces in 2011, tensions were high in Iraq as Sunni groups claimed they were being marginalized by Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki's Shiite dominated government. [3] [5] A number of large scale attacks linked to the Sunni umbrella group Islamic State of Iraq were carried out in early 2013 in an attempt to destabilize the country ahead of the elections. [3] At least fourteen election candidates have been murdered, [5] while Anbar and Nineveh provinces have postponed elections because of security concerns. [2] Four other provinces are not scheduled to hold elections on 20 April. [6]

Nouri al-Maliki Prime Minister of Iraq

Nouri Kamil Mohammed Hasan al-Maliki, also known as Jawad al-Maliki or Abu Esraa, is an Iraqi politician who was Prime Minister of Iraq from 2006 to 2014. He is secretary-general of the Islamic Dawa Party and a Vice President of Iraq.

Islamic State of Iraq Sunni jihadist group that aimed to establish an Islamic state in Iraq from 2006 to 2013

The Islamic State of Iraq was a militant Salafist jihadist group that aimed to establish an Islamic state in Sunni, Arab-majority areas of Iraq during the Iraq War and later in Syria during the Syrian Civil War.

Attacks

The series of attacks began during the morning early rush hour and encompassed more than 40 incidents in and around 20 cities, the majority of them being car bombings. [3] [5] Both Sunni and Shia areas were targeted in the attacks. [5] Initially no group claimed responsibility for the wave of violence. [3]

In the capital Baghdad, two car bombs exploded at a heavily guarded checkpoint at the entrance to Baghdad International Airport, killing 3 and injuring 16 others. [1] [3] A blast in Kamaliyah killed 4 and injured 13, while a bombing at a market and a bus station in Umm al-Maalif killed 4 and injured 15. [1] Twin blasts in Habibiya and Karrada killed 4 and injured 24 others, while a car bomb in Shurta killed 2 and injured 9. [1] A roadside bombing wounded 5 policemen in Baladiyat. [1] [4]

Baghdad Capital of Iraq

Baghdad is the capital of Iraq. The population of Baghdad, as of 2016, is approximately 8,765,000, making it the largest city in Iraq, the second largest city in the Arab world, and the second largest city in Western Asia.

Baghdad International Airport airport

Baghdad International Airport, previously Saddam International Airport, is Iraq's largest international airport, located in a suburb about 16 km (9.9 mi) west of downtown Baghdad in the Baghdad Governorate. It is the home base for Iraq's national airline, Iraqi Airways.

Karrada is an upper middle class district of the city of Baghdad, Iraq. It has a mixed population with a Shia majority and a significant Christian minority. It is one of the most religiously diverse areas of the city, and is one of the two major districts of the Christian community in Baghdad, along with Dora. All of the Christians of the district congregate in Inner Karrada, where most of the Churches are located, with congregations of Chaldeans, Assyrians, Melkite Greeks, and Armenian Catholics. It has two sub-districts, being Nazaith and Masbah. Karrada is on the northern part of the peninsula, which was created by a sharp turn in the Tigris river. As a result, the district ended up boasting lots of waterfront property, which helped turn the area into the expensive district it is today.

In the ethnically divided city of Kirkuk, a series of six car bombs left 9 people dead and 79 others injured. The attacks took place in three different neighborhoods in the center of the city – one predominantly Arab, one Kurdish, and one Turkmen. [1] Militants also shot and injured a local doctor. [1] [3] At least three car bombs exploded in Tuz Khormato, a city at 170 kilometres (110 mi) north of Baghdad, killing six and leaving 67 others injured. [1] [7] [8] In Mosul, unidentified gunmen shot and killed a married couple and another civilian. A soldier was killed in another shootout with suspected insurgents, while 3 police officers and 2 civilians were injured in roadside bombings. An additional bombing inside the city resulted in no casualties. [1] A bombing at a local political office in Tikrit killed 4 and wounded 3 others, while a later blast at a checkpoint injured 13 policemen. [1] A blast in Ad-Dawr also injured 13 people, while 7 others were wounded after a bombing at a politician's home in a village in Saladin Governorate. [1]

Kirkuk City in Iraq

Kirkuk is a city in Iraq, serving as the capital of the Kirkuk Governorate, located 238 kilometres north of Baghdad. Kirkuk lies in a wide zone with an enormously diverse population and has been multilingual for centuries. There were dramatic demographic changes during Kirkuk's urbanization in the twentieth century, which saw the development of distinct ethnic groups. Kurds, Iraqi Turkmen, Arabs, Chaldeans, and Assyrians lay conflicting claims to this zone, and all have their historical accounts and memories to buttress their claims.

Mosul City in Iraq

Mosul is a major city in northern Iraq. Located some 400 km (250 mi) north of Baghdad, Mosul stands on the west bank of the Tigris, opposite the ancient Assyrian city of Nineveh on the east bank. The metropolitan area has grown to encompass substantial areas on both the "Left Bank" and the "Right Bank", as the two banks are described by the locals compared to the flow direction of Tigris.

Tikrit City in Salah ad Din, Iraq

Tikrit sometimes transliterated as Takrit or Tekrit, is a city in Iraq, located 140 kilometres (87 mi) northwest of Baghdad and 220 kilometres (140 mi) southeast of Mosul on the Tigris River. It is the administrative center of the Saladin Governorate. As of 2012, it had a population of 160,000.

In the town of Tarmiyah, 50 kilometres (31 mi) north of Baghdad, gunmen shot and killed a police officer. [1] [3] Another officer was killed by a sticky bomb in Buhriz. [1] A roadside bombing in Al Khalis killed a young child and injured 8 others. [1] A car bombing in Muqdadiyah injured seven people. [1] Five people were wounded in two separate blasts in Baqubah, including two policemen. [1] A roadside bomb injured a civilian on a rural road outside Khan Bani Saad. [1] A bombing in Tal Abta killed a police officer and injured two others. [1] Unidentified gunmen killed a captain and injured 2 soldiers in Sabeen, as well as a young man in Shirqat. [1]

In Fallujah, a suicide car bomber killed 2 policemen and injured 6 others at a checkpoint, while a sticky bomb killed 2 civilians. Unidentified gunmen shot dead another civilian, while a bombing south of the city resulted in no casualties. [1] A blast in Ramadi targeted a local Sunni cleric, killing 2 of his bodyguards and injuring another. [1] At least 19 civilians were injured in two car bombs that struck near Hillah in Iraq's Babil Governorate. [1]

In the southern city of Nasiriyah a car bomb was detonated near a market, killing 2 and injuring 14 others. [1] [5]

On 16 April police officials in Kirkuk announced they had arrested a group of five individuals who were involved in the bombings in that city. [9] Another eight people suspected of involvement were arrested by a joint army and police force in Diyala Province. [10] Elsewhere, the violence continued. In Aziziyah, a city 75 kilometres (47 mi) south of Baghdad a car bomb killed at least four people on 16 April, and left 15 others injured. [2] In Mussayib, another southern city, a roadside bomb killed a soldier and injured two other people. [6] Another bomb killed a civilian and wounded two others north of Baghdad. [6] Three injuries were also reported in Tarmiyah. [6]

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See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 "Iraq's Bloody Monday: 75 Killed, 356 Wounded". Antiwar.com. 16 April 2013. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
  2. 1 2 3 "Car Bombs Kill 5 in Iraq". Voice of America. 16 April 2013. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "Iraq deadly bombings hit Nasariyah, Kirkuk and Baghdad". BBC. 15 April 2013. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
  4. 1 2 Raheem, Kareem (15 April 2013). "Bombs kill more than 30 across Iraq before local poll". Reuters. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 "Many dead in serial blasts in Iraq – Middle East". Al Jazeera English. 15 April 2013. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
  6. 1 2 3 4 "Iraq bombings kill six". AFP. 16 April 2013. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
  7. "Nationwide bomb attacks rattle Iraq ahead of polls". Deutsche Welle. 15 April 2013. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
  8. Tawfeeq, Mohammed (16 April 2013). "Deadly wave of bombings across Iraq ahead of elections". CNN. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
  9. "Police: arrest the perpetrators of yesterday's Kirkuk bombings". National Iraq News Agency (NINA). 17 April 2013. Archived from the original on 30 June 2013. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
  10. "Eight suspects in yesterday's bombings arrested in Diyala". National Iraq News Agency (NINA). 17 April 2013. Archived from the original on 30 June 2013. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
  11. "Sadr: Explosions take place while the ruling party busy campaigning for election". National Iraq News Agency (NINA). 17 April 2013. Archived from the original on 30 June 2013. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
  12. "Ashton condemns attacks in Iraqi cities". KUNA. 16 April 2013. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
  13. "France condemns new wave of bombings in Iraq". KUNA. 16 April 2013. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
  14. 1 2 "Iran condemns deadly car bombings in Iraq". Press TV. 16 April 2013. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
  15. "Japan condemns bomb attacks in Iraq". KUNA. 16 April 2013. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
  16. "Berri phones al-Maliki to express condemnation of Yesterday bombings in Baghdad and several other provinces". National Iraqi News Agency (NINA). 16 April 2013. Archived from the original on 30 June 2013. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
  17. "Number of casualties rises to 21 in Baghdad bomb attacks". Anadolu Agency. 15 April 2013. Retrieved 16 April 2013.