|Cardinal-Deacon of Sant'Eustachio|
Bishop Emeritus of Viterbo e Tuscania
|Predecessor||Ippolito Aldobrandini (cardinal)|
|Consecration||May 25, 1636|
by Antonio Marcello Barberini
|Created cardinal||August 30, 1627|
|Died||January 25, 1644|
Rome, Italy (age 52)
|Previous post|| Cardinal-Deacon of Santa Maria in Domnica (1627–1632)|
Cardinal-Deacon of Santi Cosma e Damiano (1632–1637)
Bishop of Viterbo e Tuscania (1636–1638)
Cardinal-Deacon of Santa Maria in Cosmedin (1637–1638)
Alessandro Cesarini, iuniore (1592 – 25 January 1644) was a Roman Catholic prelate who served as Cardinal-Deacon of Sant'Eustachio (1638–1644), Cardinal-Deacon of Santa Maria in Cosmedin (1637–1638), Bishop of Viterbo e Tuscania (1636–1638), Cardinal-Deacon of Santi Cosma e Damiano (1632–1637), and Cardinal-Deacon of Santa Maria in Domnica (1627–1632).
Alessandro Cesarini was born in Rome, Italy in 1592, the son of Giuliano Cesarini, marquis of Civitanova e Montecorato, and Livia Orsini.His family produced a number of cardinals including his great-grand uncle Cardinal Alessandro Cesarini, seniore (installed 1517); Giuliano Cesarini, seniore (installed 1426); and Giuliano Cesarini, iuniore (installed 1493). He attended the University of Parma and then obtained a doctorate in Rome. He served as papal prelate, Cleric of the Apostolic Chamber, and as the Governor of the conclave of 1623, in which Pope Urban VIII was elected.
On August 30, 1627, he was created as cardinal deacon in the consistory of August 30, 1627 by Pope Urban VIII and installed on October 6, 1627 as Cardinal-Deacon of Santi Cosma e Damiano.On September 6, 1632, he was appointed Cardinal-Deacon of Santi Cosma e Damiano by Pope Urban VIII. On May 14, 1636, he was elected during the papacy of Pope Urban VIII as Bishop of Viterbo e Tuscania. On May 25, 1636, he was consecrated bishop at the Quirinale Palace in Rome by Antonio Marcello Barberini, seniore, with Fabrizio Suardi, Bishop of Lucera, and Benedetto Landi, Bishop of Fossombrone, serving as co-consecrators. On February 9, 1637, he was appointed during the papacy of Pope Urban VIII as Cardinal-Deacon of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. On July 28, 1638, he was appointed during the papacy of Pope Urban VIII as Cardinal-Deacon of Sant'Eustachio. On September 13, 1638, he resigned as Bishop of Viterbo e Tuscania. He died on January 25, 1644 in Rome. He was buried in the tomb of his family in the church of Santi Maria in Aracoeli in Rome.
While bishop, he was the principal consecrator of:
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Viterbo is a Catholic ecclesiastical territory in central Italy. From the 12th century, the official name of the diocese was the Diocese of Viterbo e Tuscania. In 1986, several dioceses were combined, and the title was changed to Diocese of Viterbo, Acquapendente, Bagnoregio, Montefiascone, Tuscania and San Martino al Monte Cimino; in 1991 the unwieldy name was shortened to "diocese of Viterbo". The diocese has always been exempt, i.e. immediately subject to the Holy See, not belonging to any ecclesiastical province.
Francesco Maria Brancaccio was an Italian Catholic Cardinal.
Antonio Marcello Barberini, O.F.M. Cap. was an Italian cardinal and the younger brother of Maffeo Barberini, later Pope Urban VIII. He is sometimes referred to as Antonio the Elder to distinguish him from his nephew Antonio Barberini.
Carlo Emanuele Pio di Savoia was an Italian cardinal of the Pio di Savoia family. He was the uncle of Cardinal Carlo Pio di Savoia.
Marcello Lante della Rovere was an Italian people Catholic Cardinal appointed Dean and Camerlengo of the College of Cardinals.
Mario Theodoli was an Italian Catholic Cardinal.
Giambattista Altieri or Giovanni Battista Altieri was an Italian Catholic Cardinal.
The basilica of Santi Cosma e Damiano is a titular church in Rome, Italy. The lower portion of the building is accessible through the Roman Forum and incorporates original Roman buildings, but the entrance to the upper level is outside the Forum. The circular building located at the entrance of the Forum, which now houses a small archeological exhibit, was built in the early 4th century as a Roman temple. It is thought to have been dedicated to Valerius Romulus, deified son of the emperor Maxentius. The main building was perhaps the library of an imperial forum.
Pope Urban VIII created seventy four new cardinals in eight consistories:
Giuliano Cesarini the Younger (1466–1510) was an Italian Roman Catholic cardinal.
Giovanni Battista Scanaroli or Giovanni Battista Scannaroli was a Roman Catholic prelate who served as Titular Bishop of Sidon (1630–1664).
Antonio Marenzi was a Roman Catholic prelate who served as Bishop of Trieste (1646–1662) and Bishop of Pedena (1637–1646).
Ludovigo Galbiati or Ludovicus Galbiati was a Roman Catholic prelate who served as Bishop of Acerno (1637–1638).
Maurizio Solaro di Moretta was a Roman Catholic prelate who served as Bishop of Mondovi (1642–1655).
Marco Antonio Mandosio or Marco Antonio Mondosio (1606–1638) was a Roman Catholic prelate who served as Bishop of Nicastro (1637–1638).
Giulio Diotallevi was a Roman Catholic prelate who served as Bishop of Strongoli (1637–1638).
Enea di Cesare Spennazzi was a Roman Catholic prelate who served as Bishop of Ferentino (1644–1658) and Bishop of Sovana (1638–1644).
Carlo Diotallevi was a Roman Catholic prelate who served as Bishop of Strongoli (1639–1652).
Fabrizio Suardi or Alessandro Suardi was a Roman Catholic prelate who served as Bishop of Caserta (1637–1638) and Bishop of Lucera (1619–1637).
Benedetto Landi (1578–1638) was a Catholic prelate who served as Bishop of Fossombrone (1628–1632).
|Catholic Church titles|
Carlo de' Medici
| Cardinal-Deacon of Santa Maria in Domnica |
Camillo Francesco Maria Pamphilj
Agustín Spínola Basadone
| Cardinal-Deacon of Santi Cosma e Damiano |
| Bishop of Viterbo e Tuscania |
Francesco Maria Brancaccio
| Cardinal-Deacon of Santa Maria in Cosmedin |
Ippolito Aldobrandini (cardinal)
| Cardinal-Deacon of Sant'Eustachio |