Ana Carolina (director)

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Ana Carolina
Born (1943-09-27) 27 September 1943 (age 76)
Other namesAna Carolina Teixeira Soares
OccupationFilm director, screenwriter
Years active1969–2014

Ana Carolina (born 27 September 1945) [1] is a Brazilian film director and screenwriter. She directed seven films between 1969 and 2003.

Film director Person who controls the artistic and dramatic aspects of a film production

A film director is a person who directs the making of a film. A film director controls a film's artistic and dramatic aspects and visualizes the screenplay while guiding the technical crew and actors in the fulfilment of that vision. The director has a key role in choosing the cast members, production design, and the creative aspects of filmmaking. Under European Union law, the director is viewed as the author of the film.

Screenwriter Writer who writes for TV, films, comics and games

A screenplay writer, scriptwriter or scenarist is a writer who practices the craft of screenwriting, writing screenplays on which mass media, such as films, television programs and video games, are based.

Contents

In 1978, she was a member of the jury at the 28th Berlin International Film Festival. [2] Her 1982 film Heart and Guts was screened in the Un Certain Regard section at the 1982 Cannes Film Festival. [3]

28th Berlin International Film Festival Film festival

The 28th annual Berlin International Film Festival was held from 22 February to 5 March 1978. The festival opened with Opening Night by John Cassavetes and closed with Steven Spielberg's out of competition film Close Encounters of the Third Kind. This was the first year the festival was held in February.

<i>Heart and Guts</i> 1982 film by Ana Carolina

Heart and Guts is a 1982 Brazilian comedy film directed by Ana Carolina. It was screened in the Un Certain Regard section at the 1982 Cannes Film Festival.

<i lang="fr" title="French language text">Un Certain Regard</i> Section of the Cannes Film Festival

Un certain regard is a section of the Cannes Film Festival's official selection. It is run at the salle Debussy, parallel to the competition for the Palme d'Or. This section was introduced in 1978 by Gilles Jacob.

Early career and documentary work

Ana Carolina Teixeira Soares attended school with the intention of becoming a doctor, but instead changed direction and became a filmmaker. [4] She graduated in 1964 from University of São Paulo Med School. Several years later she went to a School of Physiotherapy, taking special interest in university politics. She also spent a few of her early years in a Renaissance band called "Musikantiga". [5]

She was highly focused in her early years as a filmmaker, as she made 11 documentaries in her first eight years in the business (her first being in 1967, last in 1974). [4]

These early documentaries had a heavy focus on workers. Ana Carolina also had interest in the world of labour, as she created several documentaries that revolved around labourers and unions (Lavra-dor 1968, Pantanal 1971). At the same time, some of these documentaries focused more on artistic practices (Três Desenhos 1970, Monteiro Lobato 1970). [4]

Feature films

She is better known for her feature films, however. Her earliest works includes a trilogy that consists of films that all speak to social and political conditions in Brazil, her place of birth. They were supported by Embrafilme. Despite the common connection that they all speak to the conditions surrounding her in Brazil, these films all present themselves in very different ways. [6]

Embrafilme was the Brazilian State funded company created in 1969 for production and distribution of Brazilian movies.

Her first film released in 1977 was titled Mar de Rosas, translated into Everything is Fine. The film is shot from a feminist perspective with interpretations open to the viewer. Mar de Rosas tells the story of a woman that slits her husband’s throat and flees with her child. It provides commentary on patriarchy and feminist discontent. This discontent is not strictly limited to the characters within the fictional landscape and speaks much more broadly to the nation at whole. [7]

Her second film, Das Tripas Caração (1982) – which translates into With the Heart in the Hands- is an off-beat film that examines sexual interactions as well as homophobia. It depicts a male detective’s perverse dreams that include intervention in lesbian relationships and impregnating a female teacher. As described in Women Film Directors, “Carolina’s work is, in some ways, comparable to Pedro Almodovar’s, but Carolina’s use of camp horror is that of a distinctly feminist lens.” [8]

The final film in the trilogy is titled Sonho de Valsa (1986) – which translates into Dream Waltz. The protagonist in the film is a female, named Tereza, that has chaotic dreams of a Prince Charming dressed in medieval costume. It continues on Carolina’s theme of sexual examination, and does so particularly by her interactions with the male role models in her life. [9]

Carolina's take on her work

In an interview based on audacity in cinema, Carolina had much to say in regards to the censorship she faced in her time making films in Brazil. She uses words such as hysterical and neurotic to describe the impact it had on her production of films. She claims that the limitations placed on her work actually caused her to be more rebellious and this influenced her work to be even more provocative. She goes on to admit that her work in Mar de Rosas is meant to be interpreted as an allusion to the outside world. [10]

Impact

Carolina had a highly influential role as a filmmaker in one of the most restrictive times in Brazil, the Military Dictatorship (1964–1985). Her battle against censorship trail-blazed a better path to social and political commentary in film. She fought against the censorship of films, but also the censorship of ideas. [11]

Filmography

Awards and nominations

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References

  1. Cultural, Instituto Itaú. "Ana Carolina | Enciclopédia Itaú Cultural". Enciclopédia Itaú Cultural (in Portuguese). Retrieved 22 January 2018.
  2. 1 2 "Berlinale 1978: Juries". berlinale.de. Retrieved 4 August 2010.
  3. "Festival de Cannes: Heart and Guts". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 12 June 2009.
  4. 1 2 3 Foster, G. (1995). Women film directors: An International Bio-critical Dictionary. Westport, Conn.: [null Greenwood Press.] Pg. 66
  5. Carolina, Ana. “Ana Carolina.” Enciclopédia Itaú Cultural, enciclopedia.itaucultural.org.br/pessoa547907/ana-carolina.
  6. MARSH, LESLIE L. Brazilian Women's Filmmaking: From Dictatorship to Democracy. University of Illinois Press, 2012. http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.5406/j.ctt3fh4q1. Pg. 48
  7. MARSH, LESLIE L. Brazilian Women's Filmmaking: From Dictatorship to Democracy. University of Illinois Press, 2012. http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.5406/j.ctt3fh4q1. Pg. 52
  8. Foster, G. (1995). Women film directors: An International Bio-critical Dictionary. Westport, Conn.: [null Greenwood Press.] Pg. 67
  9. Marsh, Leslie Louise. 2008. "Embodying Citizenship in Brazilian Women's Film, Video, and Literature, 1971 to 1988." Order No. 3343154, University of Michigan. Pg. 199–201
  10. Vivian Schelling, "Ana Carolina Teixeira: Audacity in the Cinema," Index on Censorship 14.5 (1985): 60.
  11. MARSH, LESLIE L. Brazilian Women's Filmmaking: From Dictatorship to Democracy. University of Illinois Press, 2012. http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.5406/j.ctt3fh4q1. Pg. 31