Archbishop of Cologne

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Cologne was one of the seven electorates of the Holy Roman Empire (Codex Balduini Trevirorum, c. 1340) Balduineum Wahl Heinrich VII.jpg
Cologne was one of the seven electorates of the Holy Roman Empire ( Codex Balduini Trevirorum , c. 1340)

The Archbishop of Cologne is an archbishop representing the Archdiocese of Cologne of the Catholic Church in western North Rhine-Westphalia and northern Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany and was ex officio one of the electors of the Holy Roman Empire, the Elector of Cologne, from 1356 to 1801.

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Since the early days of the Catholic Church, there have been ninety-four bishops and archbishops of Cologne. Seven of these ninety-four retired by resignation, including four resignations which were in response to impeachment. Eight of the bishops and archbishops were coadjutor bishops before they took office. Seven individuals were appointed as coadjutors freely by the Pope. One of the ninety-four moved to the Curia, where he became a cardinal. Additionally, six of the archbishops of Cologne were chairmen of the German Bishops' Conference.

Currently, Rainer Woelki is the Archbishop of Cologne, since his 2014 transfer from Berlin, where he had been Cardinal Archbishop.

Bishops and Archbishops of Cologne

Bishops of Colonia Agrippina, 88–784

All names before Maternus II are to be approached with considerable skepticism, as little contemporary evidence is available. Maternus was present at a council in Rome in 313. The bishops between Severinus and Charentius are also apocryphal. Domitianus was the Bishop of Maastricht (Mosa Traiectum). The given dates of office before Gunther are also conjectural, at best.

Archbishops of Cologne, 784–1238

Saint Engelbert II of Berg, Archbishop of Cologne Solingen - Schloss Burg - Engelbert 01 ies.jpg
Saint Engelbert II of Berg, Archbishop of Cologne

Archbishop-Electors of Cologne, 1238–1803

ImageNameFromToNotes
Konrad von Hochstaden 12381261
Engelbert II von Falkenburg 12611274
Siegfried II of Westerburg 12741297
Wikbold I von Holte 12971304
Heinrich II von Virneburg 13041332
Walram von Jülich 13321349
Wilhelm von Gennep 13491362First Elector of Cologne under the Golden Bull of 1356
Adolf II von der Marck 13631363
Engelbert III von der Marck 13641369
Kuno von Falkenstein 13701371
Friedrich III von Saarwerden 13721414
Dietrich II von Moers 14141463
Ruprecht von der Pfalz, Bischof von Koln.jpg Ruprecht of the Palatinate 14631480
Hermann von Hessen, 1493, Gemalde 17. Jh.png Hermann IV of Hesse 14801508
Philipp II. von Daun.jpg Philip II of Daun-Oberstein 15081515
Hermann-von-Wied.jpg Hermann V von Wied 15151546Sought to reform religious practice in the Electorate; converted to Protestantism; deposed and excommunicated.
Adolf III of Schauenburg 15461556
Anton of Schauenburg 15561558
Gebhard von Mansfeld von Joseph Michael Laporterie.jpg
Gebhard I von Mansfeld-Vorderort 15581562A founding member of the Schmalkaldic League
Friedrich IV of Wied 15621567
Prince Salentin v Isenburg Grenzau.jpg Salentin von Isenburg-Grenzau 15671577Upon the deaths of his younger and older brothers, there were no more brothers to carry on the family name; he left Church administration in 1577, married, had two sons and conducted a successful military career. He died in 1610.
Gebhard Truchsess von Waldburg.jpg Gebhard II Truchsess von Waldburg 15771583Converted to Calvinism in 1582; married Agnes von Mansfeld-Eisleben (cousin once removed of the archbishop and Prince-Elector Gebhard I von Mansfeld-Vorderort); Competing archbishop elected; Cologne War decides the outcome.
Hans Werl Erzbischof Ernst von Bayern.jpg Ernest of Bavaria 15831612Brother of William V, Duke of Bavaria; Papal Nunciature established permanently in Cologne.
Ferdinand von Bayern (1577-1650), Kurfurst und Erzbischof von Koln.jpg Ferdinand of Bavaria 16121650Brother of Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria, nephew of Ernest of Bavaria. Principle of Secundogeniture.
Maximilian Heinrich von Bayern lebensgross.jpg Maximilian Henry of Bavaria 16501688First cousin of Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria
Joseph Clemens of Bavaria.jpg Joseph Clemens of Bavaria 16881723Brother of Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria. Put under Imperial ban for siding with France in the War of the Spanish Succession.
Clemens August of Bavaria.JPG Clemens Augustus I of Bavaria 17231761Brother of Charles, Elector of Bavaria and Emperor. Last Wittelsbach to hold the office.
Kurfurst Max Friedrich von Konigsegg-Rothenfels.jpg Maximilian Frederick of Königsegg-Rothenfels 17611784
Maximilian Franz Austria 1756 1801 portrait.jpg Maximilian Franz of Austria 17841801The electorate's left-bank territories were seized and annexed by France in 1795
Erzherzog Anton Viktor Litho.JPG Anton Viktor of Austria 18011803The electorate's remaining territories were secularized and given to the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt in 1803.

Modern Archbishops of Cologne: 1824 to date

Auxiliary bishops

See also

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References

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