Atomic Spy (book)

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Atomic Spy: The Dark Lives of Klaus Fuchs
Atomic Spy the Dark Lives of Klaus Fuchs 2020.jpg
Cover page of the book
Author Nancy Thorndike Greenspan
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Subject
Publisher Viking Press
Publication date
2020
Pages416
ISBN 978-0-593-08339-0
OCLC 1124907692
327.124
LC Class UB271
Website www.penguinrandomhouse.com/books/607058/atomic-spy-by-nancy-thorndike-greenspan/
Identifiers refer to the book's first edition, printed in 2020, unless otherwise specified.

Atomic Spy: The Dark Lives of Klaus Fuchs is a 2020 biography of Klaus Fuchs, a so-called atomic spy, by Nancy Thorndike Greenspan. The book was published by Viking Press and received several reviews. Fuchs was a physicist who is best known for passing secrets from the Manhattan Project to the Soviet Union during World War II. The book paints a sympathetic picture of Fuchs, ultimately arguing that his crime was done with good intentions, for "the betterment of mankind". [1] Though several reviews noted their opposition to this conclusion and the sympathy the book shows to Fuchs, it has received mostly positive reviews.

Contents

Background

Fuchs in 1933 Klaus Fuchs - police photograph.jpg
Fuchs in 1933

Greenspan previously authored the book The End of the Certain World , a biography of the physicist Max Born, in 2005. [2]

Fuchs was a German physicist who is best known as an atomic spy, who passed secrets to the Soviet Union while working on the Manhattan Project during World War II. [1] Fuchs moved to Great Britain from Germany in 1937 to escape the Nazi party, where he began working for Max Born at the University of Edinburgh. [3] Despite having obtained citizenship in Britain, in May 1940, during the Second World War, Fuchs was interned as an alien in Canada along with other German Jews and prisoners of war. [3] He was released later that same year and returned to Britain to work on the British atomic bomb project in Birmingham, during which time he became a Soviet agent. [3] Fuchs was sent to the USA to work on the Manhattan Project in 1943 before returning back to Britain in 1946 for a senior post at the Atomic Energy Research Establishment. [4] Fuchs plead guilty to violating the Official Secrets Act of Great Britain on 2 February 1950 and subsequently served a nine year prison sentence. [1] After his incarceration, he was stripped of his citizenship and was forced to move back to East Germany. [3]

Reception

The book was reviewed in Nature by Sharon Weinberger, [3] in The Wall Street Journal by Henry Hemming, [5] in The New York Times by Ronald Radosh, [1] and in the Indian newspaper The Wire by Rudrangshu Mukherjee. [4] In a review by Publishers Weekly , the book was said to be "circumspect" and "richly detailed", with prose that is "more diligent than dynamic", but that it "builds tension by interweaving Fuchs’s scientific and espionage pursuits with MI5’s efforts to unmask him". [6] The review closes by stating that the book "blurs the lines between courage and treachery in thought-provoking ways". [6] Kirkus Reviews wrote that the book "focuses much attention" on Fuchs' early life, "emphasizing his activism over his research and portraying a likable if bland character who regretted only betraying his friends". [7] The review noted that the book spends only thirty pages discussing the Manhattan Project but spends over a hundred pages on the developments of the case against Fuchs and his trial. [7] The review closed with a paragraph of its own stating: "An appealing biography of a productive spy." [7] In his review, Henry Hemming wrote began by outlining Fuchs life and introduced the book asking the question: "Do we need another book on Fuchs?" [5] Hemming goes on to say that the answer is apparently "yes" and that the book "gives us fresh and fascinating insights into Fuchs’s formative years". [5] The book has also been reviewed in other periodicals as well, [8] [9] including Library Journal . [10] Among other acclamations, the book was included in an editor's choice list by The New York Times Book Review for "10 New Books We Recommend This Week" for the week of 18 June 2020. [11] The book was also included in a list of "5 books not to miss" in USA Today on 9 May 2020. [12]

In her review, Sharon Weinberger wrote that the book "weaves extensive archival research into a deeply nuanced and sympathetic portrait of a scientist-spy with the best of intentions" [3] and that "even those who might disagree with Thorndike Greenspan’s charitable portrayal will find much to appreciate about a narrative that captures the heated politics of an era with lessons for our own." [3] In his review, Rudrangshu Mukherjee wrote that the book "reconstructs the life and career of Fuchs through detailed research and a riveting narrative" [4] and does a "superb" job of describing the development of the case against Fuchs as a spy for Russia. [4]

In his review, Ronald Radosh wrote that Greenspan provides an "enthralling and riveting account" that "brought together new material that rounds out Fuchs’s life". [1] He went on to write that, compared to other books on Fuchs, the book was "particularly thorough and revealing" in discussing Fuchs' childhood earlier years in Germany and that the "pages on the interrogation and the decision about what to do with Fuchs are the most complete account available, and read like a detective novel." [1] In analyzing the book, Rodash noted a speculation that Greenspan made concerning Russia's stockpile of nuclear weapons and demurred at Greenspan's proposition that Fuchs spied for "the betterment of mankind" as an ex post facto explanation, writing that Greenspan's own work showed that Fuchs spied because he truly believed in communism and the Soviet Union. [1]

Release details

See also

Related Research Articles

Klaus Fuchs German-born British theoretical physicist and atomic spy (1911-1988)

Klaus Emil Julius Fuchs was a German theoretical physicist and atomic spy who supplied information from the American, British, and Canadian Manhattan Project to the Soviet Union during and shortly after World War II. While at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, Fuchs was responsible for many significant theoretical calculations relating to the first nuclear weapons and, later, early models of the hydrogen bomb. After his conviction in 1950, he served nine years in prison in the United Kingdom and then moved to East Germany where he resumed his career as a physicist and scientific leader.

Theodore Hall

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Harry Gold

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Lona Cohen

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<i>The End of the Certain World</i> 2005 Biography of Max Born by Nancy Thorndike Greenspan

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Radosh 2020
  2. Cassidy, David C. (2005). Greenspan, Nancy Throndike (ed.). "Born unto Trouble". American Scientist. 93 (4): 372–374. ISSN   0003-0996. JSTOR   27858620.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Weinberger 2020
  4. 1 2 3 4 Mukherjee 2020
  5. 1 2 3 Hemming 2020
  6. 1 2 "Nonfiction Book Review: Atomic Spy: The Dark Lives of Klaus Fuchs by Nancy Thorndike Greenspan. Viking, $30 (416p) ISBN 978-0-593-08339-0". Publishers Weekly . 21 February 2020. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
  7. 1 2 3 "Atomic Spy". Kirkus Reviews . 9 February 2020. Retrieved 29 November 2020.
  8. Sempa, Francis P. (12 May 2020). "a book review by Francis P. Sempa: Atomic Spy: The Dark Lives of Klaus Fuchs". The New York Journal of Books . Retrieved 30 November 2020.
  9. Erickson, Robert S. (19 May 2020). "The Critic's Notebook". New Criterion . Retrieved 5 December 2020.
  10. Shackelford, Philip (1 May 2020). "Atomic Spy: The Dark Lives of Klaus Fuchs". Library Journal . Retrieved 30 November 2020.
  11. "10 New Books We Recommend This Week". The New York Times . 18 June 2020. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved 30 November 2020.
  12. VanDenburgh, Barbara (9 May 2020). "5 books not to miss: New Scott Turow, Christopher Moore's 'Shakespeare for Squirrels'". USA Today . Retrieved 30 November 2020.

Further reading