Title page of Meyers Konversations-Lexikon, 4th ed., 1889
|Parent company||Bibliographisches Institut & F. A. Brockhaus AG|
|Country of origin||Germany|
|Publication types||Meyers Lexikon, Brehms Tierleben, Duden|
The German publishing company Bibliographisches Institut was founded 1826 in Gotha by Joseph Meyer, moved 1828 to Hildburghausen and 1874 to Leipzig.Its production over the years includes such well-known titles as Meyers Lexikon (encyclopaedias, since 1839, see Meyers Konversations-Lexikon ), Brehms Tierleben (animal life, 1863-1869, 4th ed. 1911-1918); Duden (dictionaries on every aspect of the language, since 1880); Meyers Reisebücher (guide books, 1862–1936); Meyers Klassiker (home and foreign literature); atlases (Meyers Handatlas, Der Grosse Weltatlas), newspapers (Koloniale Zeitschrift) and others.
Joseph Meyer was a German industrialist and publisher, most noted for his encyclopedia, Meyers Konversations-Lexikon.
Leipzig is the most populous city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany. With a population of 581,980 inhabitants as of 2017, it is Germany's tenth most populous city. Leipzig is located about 160 kilometres (99 mi) southwest of Berlin at the confluence of the White Elster, Pleiße and Parthe rivers at the southern end of the North German Plain.
Meyers Konversations-Lexikon or Meyers Lexikon was a major encyclopedia in the German language that existed in various editions, and by several titles, from 1839 to 1984, when it merged with the Brockhaus Enzyklopädie.
The buildings of the company were completely destroyed by the bombing raids on Leipzig 1943/1944; the company itself expropriated by the communist regime of East Germany in 1946 and turned into a Volkseigener Betrieb . The shareholders moved the company to Mannheim in West Germany in 1953 (Bibliographisches Institut AG). Titles like Meyers (Enzyklopädisches) Lexikon, Der Große Duden, Schlag Nach! and Meyers Großer Weltatlas appeared again. In Leipzig remained the VEB Bibliographisches Institut, operating in the same field, publishing Meyers Neues Lexikon", Duden etc.
East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic, was a country that existed from 1949 to 1990, when the eastern portion of Germany was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War. It described itself as a socialist "workers' and peasants' state", and the territory was administered and occupied by Soviet forces at the end of World War II — the Soviet Occupation Zone of the Potsdam Agreement, bounded on the east by the Oder–Neisse line. The Soviet zone surrounded West Berlin but did not include it; as a result, West Berlin remained outside the jurisdiction of the GDR.
The Publicly Owned Enterprise was the main legal form of industrial enterprise in East Germany. They were all publicly owned and were formed after mass nationalisation between 1945 and the early 1960s, and the handing back in 1954 of some 33 enterprises previously taken by the Soviet Union as reparations.
Mannheim is a city in the southwestern part of Germany, the third-largest in the German state of Baden-Württemberg after Stuttgart and Karlsruhe with a 2015 population of approximately 305,000 inhabitants. The city is at the centre of the larger densely populated Rhine-Neckar Metropolitan Region which has a population of 2,400,000 and is Germany's eighth-largest metropolitan region.
In 1984 Bibliographisches Institut AG amalgamated with its biggest competitor in the market of reference works, F. A. Brockhaus of Wiesbaden to Bibliographisches Institut & F. A. Brockhaus AG,having their seat in Mannheim. After the German reunification the company regained its former properties in Leipzig in 1991.
The Brockhaus Enzyklopädie is a German-language encyclopedia which until 2009 was published by the F. A. Brockhaus printing house.
The German reunification was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic became part of the Federal Republic of Germany to form the reunited nation of Germany, and when Berlin reunited into a single city, as provided by its then Grundgesetz (constitution) Article 23. The end of the unification process is officially referred to as German unity, celebrated on 3 October. Following German reunification, Berlin was once again designated as the capital of united Germany.
Friedrich Arnold Brockhaus was a German encyclopedia publisher and editor, famed for publishing the Conversations-Lexikon, which is now published as the Brockhaus encyclopedia.
The Duden is a dictionary of the German language, first published by Konrad Duden in 1880. The Duden is updated regularly with new editions appearing every four or five years. As of August 2017, it is in its 27th edition. It is printed as twelve volumes, with each volume covering different aspects of the German language such as loanwords, etymology, pronunciation, synonyms, etc.
Beata or Beate is a female given name that occurs in several cultures and languages, including Italian, German, Polish, and Swedish, and which is derived from the Latin beatus, meaning "blessed". Variants include Bea, Beade and Beáta. The name may refer to:
Kasanga, known as Bismarckburg during the German colonial rule, is a town in Rukwa Region, Tanzania. It is located at around, on the shore of Lake Tanganyika, 810 m above sea level.
Nike Wagner is a German dramaturge, arts administrator and author. She directed the festival Kunstfest Weimar, and has been the director of the Beethovenfest from 2014. The daughter of Wieland Wagner, she is a great-granddaughter of Richard Wagner, and a great-great‑granddaughter of Franz Liszt. She devoted books to the Wagner family and its cultural and political influence.
Capital sharp s is the majuscule (uppercase) form of the eszett ligature in German orthography (ß). German eszett is, in origin, a ligature of two minuscule (lowercase) letters, long s and tailed z, and as such has no traditional majuscule form. Nevertheless, typefaces used for printing German language texts during the early 20th century often included capital eszett glyphs. There were repeated calls to include capital eszett in official German orthography, particularly in the early 20th century, and again during the 1950s and 1960s in East Germany, but the character did not enter widespread use or become part of official orthography until 2017.
Marlene is a German feminine given name. It is derived from Maria combined with Magdalene.
Pankow is a locality (Ortsteil) of Berlin in the district (Bezirk) of Pankow. Until 2001 it was an autonomous district with the localities of Karow, Niederschönhausen, Wilhelmsruh, Rosenthal, Blankenfelde, Buch and Französisch Buchholz.
Georg Karl Wilhelm Adolf Ebert was a Romance philologist and literary historian. He was an author of literary studies as well as a publisher of periodicals, including the [[Jahrbuch für Romanische und Englische Literatur].
Eckhard Supp is a German non-fiction author, journalist, photographer and wine critic.
Meyers Reisebücher (1862-1936) were a series of German-language travel guide books published by the Bibliographisches Institut of Hildburghausen and Leipzig.
A One-year volunteer, short EF, was, in a number of national armed forces, a conscript who agreed to pay his own costs for the procurement of equipment, food and clothing, in return for spending a shorter-than-usual term on active military service and the opportunity for promotion to Reserve Officers.
F. A. Brockhaus AG is a German book publishing firm founded by Friedrich Arnold Brockhaus. It is best known for its eponymous encyclopedia.
Benedictus Gotthelf Teubner was a German bookseller and founder of a publishing company.
The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Mannheim, Germany.
Bassadewitz, also called Passadewitz, Bassarowitz or Passarowitz, is a card game for 4 players in the Hearts family.
The military ranks of the German Empire, were the ranks used by the military of the German Empire. It inherited the various traditions and military ranks of its constituent states.