Cambridge Information Group

Last updated
Cambridge Information Group
  • Education
  • Information services
  • Technology
Headquarters Bethesda, Maryland, USA
Subsidiaries ProQuest
R. R. Bowker
CIG Education Group

Cambridge Information Group (CIG) is a privately held global investment firm focusing on information services, education and technology. It began as a firm providing services to academic publishers. It is headquartered in Bethesda, Maryland.


As of 2007, CIG's operating companies are ProQuest, [1] R. R. Bowker, [2] and CIG Education Group. CIG Education Group is the owner of the Sotheby's Institute of Art, and Bach to Rock music school (B2R). In 2016 CIG sold investments in Navtech and MetaMetrics. Robert Snyder's son Andrew is chief executive officer and his daughter Jill is director of communications. [3]


CIG was founded in 1971 by Robert N. Snyder and Philip E. Hixon as a result of a merger of Cambridge Scientific Abstracts (CSA), Disclosure Incorporated, and National Standards Association. The latter were sold by 1993, and the core CSA reference work expanded into the social sciences, the arts and the humanities. [4]

CIG purchased R. R. Bowker in 2001 and Sotheby's Institute of Art in 2003. [4]

See also

Related Research Articles

ProQuest American information company

ProQuest LLC is an Ann Arbor, Michigan-based global information-content and technology company, founded in 1938 as University Microfilms by Eugene B. Power. ProQuest provides applications and products for libraries. Its resources and tools support research and learning, publishing and dissemination, and the acquisition, management and discovery of library collections.

Sotheby's is a British-founded American multinational corporation headquartered in New York City. One of the world's largest brokers of fine and decorative art, jewelry, real estate, and collectibles, Sotheby's operation is divided into three segments: auction, finance, and dealer. The company's services range from corporate art services to private sales. It is named after one of its cofounders, John Sotheby.

Houghton Mifflin Harcourt US publisher

Houghton Mifflin Harcourt is a publisher of textbooks, instructional technology materials, assessments, reference works, and fiction and non-fiction for both young readers and adults.

RentPath Inc. is a privately held American media company owned by TPG Capital and Providence Equity Partners LLC.

Bell & Howell manufacturer of film machinery

Bell and Howell is a U.S.-based services organization and former manufacturer of cameras, lenses and motion picture machinery, founded in 1907 by two projectionists, and was originally headquartered in Wheeling, Illinois. The company is now headquartered in Durham, North Carolina, and currently provides services for automated equipment in enterprise-level companies.

Harcourt was an American publishing firm with a long history of publishing fiction and nonfiction for adults and children. The company was last based in San Diego, California, with editorial/sales/marketing/rights offices in New York City and Orlando, Florida, and was known at different stages in its history as Harcourt Brace, & Co. and Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. From 1919 to 1982, it was based in New York City.

CIG could stand for:

Serials Solutions was a division of ProQuest that provided e-resource access and management services (ERAMS) to libraries. These products enabled librarians to more easily manage electronic resources that serve the needs of their users. Serials Solutions became part of ProQuest Workflow Solutions in 2011 and the "Serials Solutions" name was retired in 2014. In 2015, Proquest acquired Ex Libris Group, a library automation company with many similar products to those of ProQuest Workflow Solutions. The Workflow Solutions division was to be merged with Ex Libris into a new business group called Ex Libris, a ProQuest Company.

Prentice Hall educational publisher

Prentice Hall is a major educational publisher owned by Pearson plc. Prentice Hall publishes print and digital content for the 6–12 and higher-education market. Prentice Hall distributes its technical titles through the Safari Books Online e-reference service.

<i>Books+Publishing</i> Australian trade magazine

Books+Publishing magazine is the quarterly journal of the Australian book industry and is one of Australia's oldest surviving magazines. The magazine contains book news, author interviews, category round-ups and features on forthcoming books, and pre-publication reviews of Australian and New Zealand books.

R. R. Bowker LLC ("Bowker") is an American limited liability company based in New Providence, New Jersey, and incorporated in Delaware. Among other things, Bowker provides bibliographic information on published works to the book trade, including publishers, booksellers, libraries, and individuals; its roots in the industry trace back to 1868. Bowker is the exclusive U.S. agent for issuing International Standard Book Numbers (ISBNs), a universal method of identifying books in print. Bowker is the publisher of Books in Print and other compilations of information about books and periodical titles. It provides supply chain services and analytical tools to the book publishing industry. Bowker is headquartered in New Providence, New Jersey, with additional operational offices in England and Australia. It is now owned by Cambridge Information Group.

Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group is an independent publishing house founded in 1949. Under several imprints, the company offers scholarly books for the academic market, as well as trade books. The company also owns the book distributing company National Book Network based in Lanham, Maryland.

Ulrich's Periodicals Directory is the standard library directory and database providing information about popular and academic magazines, scientific journals, newspapers and other serial publications.


Capco is a business and technology management consultancy firm with a focus on financial services and a dedicated energy division. Capco's headquarters are in London, UK with 27 offices across the Americas, Europe, and Asia Pacific. The company offers services primarily in banking, capital markets, wealth and investment management, insurance, finance, risk & compliance. It also has an energy consulting practice in the US.

Macmillan Inc. is a now mostly defunct American publishing company. Once the American division of the British Macmillan Publishers, remnants of the original American Macmillan are present in McGraw-Hill Education's Macmillan/McGraw-Hill textbooks and Gale's Macmillan Reference USA division. The German publisher Holtzbrinck, which bought Macmillan UK in 1999, purchased most US rights to the name in 2001 and rebranded its American division with it in 2007.

Robert Freeman Asleson was an American publisher who was a major contributor to the publishing, library and information industries. He led a number of key information companies as they evolved from print, to microfilm, to mainframe, CD-ROM and then web based databases. He brought professional management to entrepreneurial library companies, without which they might not have succeeded. Some of these organizations are now among the titans of the library industry.

Dissertation Abstracts, Dissertation Abstracts International (DAI) or the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses (PQDT) database is a bibliography of American dissertations published since 1938 by University Microfilms International (UMI) / ProQuest, Ann Arbor. UMI has had an agitated life and the bibliographical data have often shifted owner and name, and therefore appears under different labels. It covers doctoral dissertations accepted at accredited American institutions since 1861. Selected Masters theses have been included since 1962; since 1988, the database includes citations for dissertations from 50 British universities that are available at The British Document Supply Centre. Additionally, it covers a limited number of dissertations from the rest of the world.

Sothebys Institute of Art art school

Sotheby's Institute of Art is a private, for-profit institution of higher education devoted to the study of art and its markets with campuses in London, New York City and Online. The institute offers full-time accredited master's degrees as well as a range of postgraduate certificates, summer, semester and online courses, public programmes, and executive education.

David C. Levy is an educator, museum director, art historian, designer/photographer, and musician. In his current role as President of the Education Division of Cambridge Information Group, Levy is also President of Sotheby's Institute of Art and Chairman of Bach to Rock. He was President and Director of the Corcoran Gallery of Art and Corcoran College of Art and Design in Washington, DC, from 1991 to 2005, and Chancellor of The New School for Social Research in New York City from 1989 to 1991. From 1970 to 1989 Levy was Executive Dean and CEO of Parsons School of Design. He holds a bachelor's degree from Columbia College, Columbia University and a master's degree and PhD from New York University.

News Corp (2013–present) American multinational mass media company

The current incarnation of News Corporation, stylized as News Corp, is an American mass media and publishing company, formed as a spin-off of the original News Corporation focusing on newspapers and publishing. The company is headquartered in New York City and incorporated in Delaware.


  1. "Cambridge Information Group Buys ProQuest Information and Learning". Online. Mar–Apr 2007. pp. 21–23.
  2. "Cambridge information to buy Bowker". Publishers Weekly. Aug 27, 2001. p. 9.
  3. "Team". Cambridge Information Group. Retrieved 23 June 2016.
  4. 1 2 "Cambridge Information Group". Northern Illinois University . Retrieved June 11, 2018.