This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page . (Learn how and when to remove these template messages)(Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Type||Christian law society and legal network of lawyers and law students|
|Headquarters||Springfield, Virginia, United States|
|Attorneys, Judges, Professors, Law Students, others|
(President & Chairman of the Board)
Christian Legal Society (CLS) is a non-profit, non-denominational organization of Christian lawyers, judges, law professors, and law students and friends whose members profess to follow the "commandment of Jesus" to "seek justice with the love of God."through four distinct and complimentary ministries:
1. Attorney Ministries: the fellowship and network of Christian attorneys who are members of CLS and gather in volunteer-run attorney chapters across the country.
2. Law Student Ministries: the ministry and network of Christian fellowships on law school campuses.
3. Center for Law & Religious Freedom: the advocacy arm of the Christian Legal Society, working to protect and defend religious freedom and the sanctity of human life through submitting amicus curiae legal briefs in cases, representing parties, and legislative work.
4. Christian Legal Aid: the ministry of CLS to those below the poverty line, through a network of independent Christian Legal Aid clinics across the country.
CLS publishes a bi-annual magazine called The Christian Lawyer, a scholarly journal called The Journal of Christian Legal Thought, CLS Bible Studies, and CLS E-Devotionals. Its former publications include the Quarterly, The Defender, and the Religious Freedom Reporter (all of which can be obtained at HeinOnline ).
CLS receives no government support for any of its programs or ministries and is supported by dues, donations and gifts.
The Christian Legal Society holds an annual convention in the United States and various regional conferences.
The organization, which is based in the United States, was founded in Chicago, Illinois in 1961 by four lawyers (Paul Bernard, Gerrit P. Groen, Henry Luke Brinks, and Elmer Johnson) who had met at a convention of the American Bar Association in 1959 to pray together.
Since its founding, it has grown to include over 50 attorney chapters, 120 law school chapters, networking or starting over 60 Christian legal aid clinics serving 130 communities, through four unincorporated ministry divisions: Attorney Ministries, Law Student Ministries, the Center for Law & Religious Freedom, and Christian Legal Aid.
In the 80s and 90s, CLS formed and managed a Christian Conciliation ministry, which later became Peacemaker Ministries and the Institute for Christian Conciliation.
CLS membership includes attorneys, judges, law students, and others who profess their commitment to the CLS Statement of Faith. They are organized in more than 1100 cities into attorney chapters, law student chapters, and fellowships throughout the United States.
Membership in the Christian Legal Society is open to all who believe in and sign CLS’ Statement of Faith.
Since its founding in 1961, CLS’ nine organizational objectives, as set forth in its amended not-for-profit articles of incorporation, have been:
On March 16, 2007, the Upsilon Chapter at the University of Florida was officially recognized by the Beta Upsilon Chi (BYX) national board.The University of Florida, however, refused to recognize BYX. The university had refused to recognize the chapter as a registered student organization because the fraternity accepts only men and would not recognize the chapter as a social fraternity because the fraternity accepts only Christians.
On July 10, 2007, the Alliance Defense Fund Center for Academic Freedom and the Christian Legal Society filed suit (Beta Upsilon Chi Upsilon Chapter v. Machen, 586 F.3d 908, 911-912 (11th Cir. 2009)) on behalf of BYX against various officials from the University of Florida for various constitutional violations including unlawful discrimination. During the course of the proceedings, the 11th Circuit Court (United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit on appeal from the Northern District of Florida, Leon County) ordered that the chapter be recognized pending the disposition of the appeal. The case was ultimately dismissed as moot when the university amended its policies to permit the registration of the chapter.
Their case Christian Legal Society v. Martinez reached the Supreme Court of the United States in 2010.It was argued on April 19, 2010 and decided June 28, 2010 against the CLS by a vote of 5-4. The court upheld, against a First Amendment challenge, the policy of the University of California, Hastings College of the Law governing official recognition of student groups, which required the groups to accept all students regardless of their status or beliefs in order to obtain recognition.
Alliance Defending Freedom is an American conservative Christian nonprofit organization with the stated goal of advocating, training, and funding on the issues of "religious freedom, sanctity of life, and marriage and family". ADF is headquartered in Scottsdale, Arizona. It also has four branch offices located in Folsom, California; Washington, D.C.; Lawrenceville, Georgia; and New York.
Liberty Counsel is a 501(c)(3) tax-exempt religious liberty organization that engages in litigation related to evangelical Christian values. Liberty Counsel was founded in 1989 by its chairman Mathew D. Staver and its president Anita L. Staver, who are attorneys and married to each other. The Southern Poverty Law Center has listed Liberty Counsel as an anti-LGBT hate group, a designation the group has disputed. The group is a Christian ministry.
Delta Upsilon (ΔΥ), commonly known as DU, is a collegiate men's fraternity founded on November 4, 1834 at Williams College in Williamstown, Massachusetts. It is the sixth-oldest, all-male, college Greek-letter organization founded in North America. It is popularly and informally known as "DU" or "Delta U" and its members are called "DUs". Although historically found on the campuses of small New England private universities, Delta Upsilon currently has 76 chapters/colonies across the United States and Canada. A number of its buildings are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
In the United States, an honor society is a rank organization that recognizes excellence among peers. Numerous societies recognize various fields and circumstances. The Order of the Arrow, for example, is the National Honor Society of the Boy Scouts of America. Chiefly, the term refers to scholastic honor societies, those that recognize students who excel academically or as leaders among their peers, often within a specific academic discipline.
La Unidad Latina, Lambda Upsilon Lambda Fraternity, Inc. is a Latino-based collegiate non-profit social fraternity. It was founded at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York on February 19, 1982, and has 71 active undergraduate chapters and 14 graduate alumni professional chapters in universities and cities across the United States. La Unidad Latina, Lambda Upsilon Lambda Fraternity, Incorporated is the only Latino fraternity to be chartered at all 8 Ivy League universities. While founded on Latino principles, Lambda Upsilon Lambda has been open to men of all races since its inception. The fraternity is a member of The National Association of Latino Fraternal Organizations/ NALFO.
Beta Upsilon Chi (ΒΥΧ), is the largest Christian social fraternity in the United States. Since its founding at the University of Texas in 1985, ΒΥΧ has spread to thirty-nine campuses in seventeen states.
Beta Sigma Psi National Lutheran Fraternity (ΒΣΨ), commonly known as Beta Sig is a United States-based fraternity for college men. Founded at the University of Illinois in 1925, ΒΣΨ has more than 7,500 initiated members. With 12 chapters and colonies in 8 states, there are currently over 300 undergraduate members. Beta Sigma Psi is centered on three S's: Spiritual, Scholastic, and Social.
While the traditional social fraternity is a well-established mainstay across the United States at institutions of higher learning, alternatives – in the form of social fraternities that require doctrinal and behavioral conformity to the Christian faith – developed in the early 20th century. They continue to grow in size and popularity.
Lambda Sigma Upsilon Latino Fraternity, Inc. (ΛΣΥ) is an intercollegiate Latino oriented Greek lettered fraternity founded on April 5, 1979 at Rutgers University–New Brunswick in New Brunswick, New Jersey.
The University of Florida Fredric G. Levin College of Law, also known as UF Law, is the law school of the University of Florida located in Gainesville, Florida. Founded in 1909, it is the oldest operating public law school in Florida, and second oldest overall in the state.
The University of Western Ontario Faculty of Law, branded as Western Law since 2011, is the law school of Western University in London, Ontario, Canada. Founded in 1959, its first Dean was former Supreme Court of Canada justice, the Honourable Ivan Cleveland Rand, who saw the school as developing "in the minds of its students the habit of thinking in terms of the dynamic tradition, in the broadest sense, of our law." The current Dean of Law is Erika Chamberlain, former clerk to Supreme Court Justice John C. Major, who began her tenure in May 2017.
While the traditional women's fraternity or sorority was founded well before the start of the 20th century, the first ever Christian sorority was founded in Kansas in 1916 by and named Kappa Phi. It was a women's sisterhood that developed out of a bible study and remains one of the largest nationally present Christian sororities today.
The Constitution provides for the freedom to practice the rights of one's religion and faith in accordance with the customs that are observed in the kingdom, unless they violate public order or morality. The state religion is Islam. The Government prohibits conversion from Islam and proselytization of Muslims.
The North American fraternity and sorority system began with students who wanted to meet secretly, usually for discussions and debates not thought appropriate by the faculty of their schools. Today they are used as social, professional, and honorary groups that promote varied combinations of community service, leadership, and academic achievement.
Christian Legal Society v. Martinez, 561 U.S. 661 (2010), is a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court upheld, against a First Amendment challenge, the policy of the University of California, Hastings College of the Law, governing official recognition of student groups, which required the groups to accept all students regardless of their status or beliefs in order to obtain recognition.
Vanderbilt University requires registered student organizations to allow all students to enroll as members and to allow all members to seek leadership positions. The adoption of this provision, commonly called a "non-discrimination policy," has sparked controversy among religious groups. Though federal law provides a non-discrimination exemption for fraternities and sororities, religious organizations are not granted the same exemption.
Fraternities and sororities, or Greek-letter organizations (GLOs), also collectively referred to as "Greek life", are social organizations at colleges and universities. A form of the social fraternity, they are prominent in the United States, Canada, and the Philippines. Similar organizations exist in other countries as well, including the Studentenverbindungen of German-speaking countries, and the goliardie in Italy.
The Blackstone Legal Fellowship is an American legal training and internship program developed and facilitated by Christian legal group Alliance Defending Freedom (ADF). Since its inception in 2000, more than 1,900 law students have participated in the program. Its main campus is in Scottsdale, Arizona. Notable faculty have included Missouri U.S. Senator Josh Hawley and U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice Amy Coney Barrett.