Dhurringile is a heritage-listed mansion and former rural estate in northern Victoria, Australia. It is listed on the Victorian Heritage Register for its architectural significance as "one of Victoria's grandest homesteads", for its associations with the Winter-Irving pastoral family, and for its later uses as an internment and prisoner of war camp, boys' training home and most recently, as part of HM Prison Dhurringile.
Dhurringile was built in 1876-77 for James Winter, a member of the established Winter-Irving pastoral family, replacing an earlier wooden homestead on the property. The double-storey brick mansion, designed in the Victorian Italianate style by prominent Melbourne architectural firm Lloyd Tayler and Wyatt and built at a cost of £30,000, had between 65 to 68 rooms, with a large entrance hall, a tower, hand-painted windows and hand-carved staircase, extensive staff quarters, stables, a woolshed, its own gasworks, and a "village of numerous buildings". At its height as a pastoral property, the Dhurringile estate carried 50,000 sheep. Winter remained at Dhurringile until his death in 1885, and it remained in his family until 1907. It subsequently had a number of owners and was vacant for long periods of time.
It was leased by the Government of Australia in 1939-40 as an internment camp for detainees of German and Italian descent during the early stages of World War II, and again from 1941-45 as a prisoner of war camp for captured German prisoners. It was sold to the Presbyterian Church of Australia in 1947 for use as a home for migrant boys from the United Kingdom, and operated as the Dhurringile Rural Training Farm from 1951 to 1964. It was then purchased by the Government of Victoria in 1965 for what would become HM Prison Dhurringile. The historic mansion subsequently underwent restoration by prisoners, and is now used as a training centre.
Mount Eliza is a seaside town on the Mornington Peninsula, Victoria, Australia. It is in the local government area of the Shire of Mornington Peninsula.
Murchison is a small riverside rural village located on the Goulburn River in Victoria, Australia. Murchison is located 167 kilometres from Melbourne and is just to the west of the Goulburn Valley Highway between Shepparton and Nagambie. The surrounding countryside contains orchards, vineyards and dairy farms and also HM Prison Dhurringile. At the 2016 census, Murchison had a population of 925.
HM Prison Geelong was a maximum security Australia prison located on the corner of Myers Street and Swanston Street in Geelong, Victoria, Australia. The prison was built in stages from 1849 to 1864. Its panopticon design is based on Pentonville Prison in England. The prison was officially closed in 1991 and prisoners were moved to the newly built HM Prison Barwon in Lara.
HM Prison Beechworth, now known as Beechworth Gaol, was a medium security Australian prison located in Beechworth, Victoria, Australia.
HM Prison Dhurringile is a minimum security prison located in Dhurringile, Victoria, Australia. Situated 160 km north of Melbourne near Murchison, it is based around the historic Dhurringile estate.
Little River is a town in Victoria, Australia, that is located about 49 kilometres (30 mi) south-west of the Melbourne central business district, located within the Cities of Greater Geelong and Wyndham local government areas. Little River recorded a population of 1,322 at the 2016 Census.
Lara is a small town in Victoria, 18 km north-east of the Geelong CBD, inland from the Princes Freeway to Melbourne.
Winchelsea is a town in Victoria, Australia. The town is located in the Surf Coast Shire local government area, the suburb or locality of Winchelsea is predominantly within Surf Coast Shire with a small section within the Colac Otway Shire. Winchelsea is located on the Barwon River 115 km south-west of Melbourne and close to Geelong.
Bathurst Correctional Centre is a prison for men and women located in the city of Bathurst, New South Wales, Australia, and operated by the Department of Communities and Justice. Bathurst holds inmates sentenced under State or Australian criminal law, along with a small number of remand prisoners.
Tatura is a town in the Goulburn Valley region of Victoria, Australia, and is situated within the City of Greater Shepparton local government area, 167 kilometres (104 mi) North of the state capital (Melbourne) and 18 kilometres (11 mi) West of the regional centre of Shepparton. At the 2016 census, Tatura had a population of 4,669.
The Berrima Correctional Centre is an Australian prison, located at Berrima, New South Wales. The Centre was operational between 1839 and 2011 with a number of breaks in between, and was re-opened in September 2016. Initially established as Berrima Gaol, the facility closed in 1909 and reopened in 1949 as the Berrima Training Centre. The Centre is the oldest Australian correctional facility in operation. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.
Berrima is a historic village in the Southern Highlands of New South Wales, Australia, in Wingecarribee Shire. The village, once a major town, is located on the Old Hume Highway between Canberra and Sydney. It was previously known officially as the Town of Berrima. It is close to the three major towns of the Southern Highlands; Mittagong, Bowral and Moss Vale.
Pirra Homestead, in Forest Road, Lara, Victoria, was built in the mid-1860s by George Fairbairn (senior), one of Australia's most prosperous pastoralists and a pioneer of Australia's frozen meat export trade, who established the property as a premier sheep stud. The homestead was originally called 'Woodlands', but by 1880 the name of the property had changed to 'Windermere'.
The Hay Gaol is a heritage-listed former prison and now museum at 355 Church Street, Hay, Hay Shire, New South Wales, Australia. It was an adult prison from 1880 to 1915 and 1930 until 1940, a prisoner-of-war camp during World War II, and a juvenile facility, the Hay Institution for Girls, from 1961 to 1974. It was designed by James Barnet and Colonial Architect and built from 1879 to 1880 by Witcombe Brothers. The site faces Church Street, and is otherwise bounded by Piper, Macauley and Coke Streets, north-east of the town centre. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 13 March 2009.
Australian non-residential architectural styles are a set of Australian architectural styles that apply to buildings used for purposes other than residence and have been around only since the first colonial government buildings of early European settlement of Australia in 1788.
The Coolart Wetlands and Homestead Reserve, or just Coolart, is an 87.5 ha estate on the Western Port coast of the Mornington Peninsula of Victoria, south-eastern Australia, about 70 km south-east of Melbourne. It comprises a late 19th-century mansion-like homestead and surrounding grounds west of the village of Somers. Coolart is the remnant of one of the oldest grazing properties on the Mornington Peninsula. The homestead is set in a garden with adjacent wetlands and coastal woodlands with walking tracks. It is managed by Parks Victoria and the homestead is open to the public. The homestead features an exhibition of historic photographs, and hosts changing art exhibitions. Coolart is a popular venue for picnics, nature walks and birdwatching.
Mundabullangana is a settlement in Western Australia, located approximately 100 km south-west of Port Hedland. It is the site of a 225,000 hectare cattle station. Mundabullangana is more commonly known as Munda Station.
Westbrook is a town and locality in Toowoomba Region, Queensland, Australia. In the 2016 census, the town recorded a population of 3,885.
Ombersley is a rural locality in Victoria, Australia. Most of the locality is in Colac Otway Shire, with a portion being in adjacent Surf Coast Shire. In the 2016 census, Ombersley had a population of 97.