Dilazak

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The Dilazak (Urdu : دلزاک) is a Pashtun tribe, primarily living in Pakistan.

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History

The Dilazak originally dwelled in eastern Afghanistan. They were among the earliest Pashtun tribes to have migrated to present-day northwestern Pakistan. The Dilazak expelled or subdued the local inhabitants of the area[ verification needed ]. [1] According to Aain-i-Akbari (Written around 1590 CE), the Dilazak were the only Pashtun tribe that possessed lands in Hazara Qaarlugh[ verification needed ]. [2] [3]

Around 1520, another Pashtun tribe, the Yousafzai, was expelled from Kabul by Mirza Ulugh Beg (March 22, 1394 in Sultaniyeh (Persia) – October 27, 1449 (Samarkand)), a Timurid ruler and paternal uncle of the Mughal Emperor Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur. [4] The Yusufzai migrated to Peshawar valley where they sought and received help from the Dilazak. [5] Later, the relationships between the two tribes deteriorated and a long war ensued. [6] 20 years later, at the battle of Katlang, the Yousafzai pushed the Dilazak east of the Indus River under the leadership of Malik Ahmed Khan. [7]

Return under Shahjahan

Most of the Dilazak returned during the reign of the Mughal King Shah ab-ud-din Muhammad Khurram alias Shah Jahan (Ruler of the Worlds) (January 5, 1592 – January 22, 1666), and settled in parts of Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa Province and Punjab Province of Pakistan in their old lands. One of them, Saleh Khan, settled with his family in Sara-e-Saleh and Tir, both in Haripur District of Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa Province in Pakistan.

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References

  1. "Afghanistan and its Inhabitants" by Muhammad Hayat Khan (Author), Henry Priestley (Translator) (1874) (Reproduced by Sang-e-Meel Publications, Pakistan (1981) Page 55/56 and Page 197/198
  2. Hazara Qaarlugh was a term used during the Mughal period for an administrative unit collocated with the modern Hazara Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Attock District and Hassan Abdal (Tehsil) of Punjab Province.
  3. "Aian-i-Akbari" (Urdu) by Abul Fazal, translated by Maulvi Fida Ali, published by Sang-e-Meel Publications (2007) Page 1036, table serial 37
  4. "The Pathans" by Sir Olaf Caroe Page 153,173/174
  5. "Mukhtasur Taareekh-e-Pashtoon (Short History of Pashtoons) by Professor Hameedullah (2004) Page 49
  6. "Tawareekh-e-Hafiz Rahmat Khani" (Urdu) by Pir Moazzam Shah rearranged with notes by 'Roshan Khan', Published by Pashto Academy, Peshawar University (1976) Pages 83-570
  7. "The Kingdom of Afghanistan - A Historical Sketch" by G.P.Tate (1911), Reproduced by 'Indus Publications' (1973) Page 12 (Foot Note)