Edmund Gonville

Last updated
Edmund Gonville
Died 1351
Known for Founder of Gonville Hall, Cambridge
Parent(s) William de Gonvile

Edmund Gonville (died 1351) founded Gonville Hall in 1348, which later was re-founded by John Caius to become Gonville and Caius College. Gonville Hall was his third foundation. Before this he had founded two religious houses, a College at Rushford, Norfolk, 1342 (suppressed in 1541) and the Hospital of St John at Lynn, Norfolk. [1] The origin of his wealth is obscure.

John Caius English doctor

John Caius, also known as Johannes Caius and Ioannes Caius, was an English physician, and second founder of the present Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge.

Contents

His father was William Gonville, a Frenchman domiciled in England, who owned the Manor of Lerling and other property in Norfolk. William's eldest son was Sir Nicholas Gonville who married an heiress of the Lerling family. [2]

Norfolk County of England

Norfolk is a county in East Anglia in England. It borders Lincolnshire to the northwest, Cambridgeshire to the west and southwest, and Suffolk to the south. Its northern and eastern boundaries are the North Sea and, to the north-west, The Wash. The county town is Norwich. With an area of 2,074 square miles (5,370 km2) and a population of 859,400, Norfolk is a largely rural county with a population density of 401 per square mile. Of the county's population, 40% live in four major built up areas: Norwich (213,000), Great Yarmouth (63,000), King's Lynn (46,000) and Thetford (25,000).

Gonville worked for King Edward III of England, including lending him money. In return he was rewarded with appointment as King's clerk (a title later known as Secretary of State). [3] After Gonville, supported by Sir Walter Manny, petitioned Edward III for permission to set up a college for 20 scholars at the University of Cambridge, permission was granted and Edward III issued Letters patent in January 1348. [3]

Edward III of England 14th-century King of England and Duke of Aquitaine

Edward III was King of England and Lord of Ireland from January 1327 until his death; he is noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority after the disastrous and unorthodox reign of his father, Edward II. Edward III transformed the Kingdom of England into one of the most formidable military powers in Europe. His long reign of 50 years was the second longest in medieval England and saw vital developments in legislation and government, in particular the evolution of the English parliament, as well as the ravages of the Black Death.

Secretary of State (England) appointed position within the government of England

In the Kingdom of England, the title of Secretary of State came into being near the end of the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1558–1603), the usual title before that having been King's Clerk, King's Secretary, or Principal Secretary.

Letters patent type of legal instrument in the form of a published written order

Letters patent are a type of legal instrument in the form of a published written order issued by a monarch, president, or other head of state, generally granting an office, right, monopoly, title, or status to a person or corporation. Letters patent can be used for the creation of corporations or government offices, or for the granting of city status or a coat of arms. Letters patent are issued for the appointment of representatives of the Crown, such as governors and governors-general of Commonwealth realms, as well as appointing a Royal Commission. In the United Kingdom they are also issued for the creation of peers of the realm. A particular form of letters patent has evolved into the modern patent granting exclusive rights in an invention. In this case it is essential that the written grant should be in the form of a public document so other inventors can consult it to avoid infringement and also to understand how to "practice" the invention, i.e., put it into practical use. In the Holy Roman Empire, Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary, imperial patent was also the highest form of generally binding legal regulations, e. g. Patent of Toleration, Serfdom Patent etc.

Offices held

Religious titles
Preceded by
unknown
Rector of Thelnetham, Suffolk
1320-1326
Succeeded by
unknown
Preceded by
unknown
Rector of Rushford, Norfolk
1326-1342
Succeeded by
unknown
Preceded by
unknown
Rector of Terrington St. Clement, Norfolk
1342-1351
Succeeded by
unknown

Related Research Articles

Colleges of the University of Cambridge

This is a list of the colleges within the University of Cambridge. These colleges provide most of the accommodation for undergraduates and graduates at the University and at the undergraduate level they have responsibility for admitting students to the University and organising their tuition. They also provide funding, accommodation, or both, for some of the senior research posts in the University. They are self-governed charities in their own right, with their own endowments and possessions. Until the mid-19th century, both Cambridge and Oxford comprised a group of colleges with a small central university administration, rather than universities in the common sense.

William of Wykeham 14th-century Bishop of Winchester and Chancellor of England

William of Wykeham was Bishop of Winchester and Chancellor of England. He founded New College, Oxford, and New College School in 1379, and founded Winchester College in 1382. He was also the clerk of works when much of Windsor Castle was built.

Senate House, Cambridge building of the University of Cambridge

The Senate House of the University of Cambridge is now used mainly for degree ceremonies. It was formerly also used for meetings of the Council of the Senate.

William Butts English doctor

Sir William Butts was a member of King Henry VIII of England's court and served as the King's physician.

Pattesley is a very small village in the English county of Norfolk. It is located about one mile south of the village of Oxwick and consists of a few scattered houses. The population is included in the civil parish of Colkirk.

The Reverend William Lubbock MA BD (Cantab) was an English divine, Fellow of Caius College, Cambridge, and Church of England clergyman. He founded the famous English family of Lubbock.

Charles Moss (bishop of Bath and Wells) bishop

Charles Moss was an Anglican clergyman who served as Bishop of St David's from 1766 to 1774 and Bishop of Bath and Wells from 1774 to 1802.

Events from the 1340s in England

William Bateman 14th-century Bishop of Norwich

William Bateman was a medieval Bishop of Norwich.

Geoffrey Boleyn Lord Mayor of London, 1457/8

Sir Geoffrey or Jeffery Boleyn (1406–1463) was a London merchant and Lord Mayor of London.

Edmund Cosyn (Cosin) was an English Catholic academic and Vice-Chancellor of Cambridge University of the middle sixteenth century.

Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge college of the University of Cambridge

Gonville & Caius College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in Cambridge, England. The college is the fourth-oldest college at the University of Cambridge and one of the wealthiest. The college has been attended by many students who have gone on to significant accomplishment, including fourteen Nobel Prize winners, the second-most of any Oxbridge college.

Edmund Keene English churchman and academic

Edmund Keene was an English churchman and academic, Master of Peterhouse, Cambridge, Bishop of Chester and Bishop of Ely.

Thomas Bacon was the fifteenth master of Gonville Hall, Cambridge from 1552.

Physwick or FishwickHostel is a former constituent of The University of Cambridge located on the south side of the present Trinity Great Court, between the Queen’s Gate and Trinity Street. It was founded in 1393 when William Fiswick, the first esquire or armiger bedel of the university, bequeathed his Trinity Lane hall to Gonville Hall.

John Ellys (Caius) English academic

Sir John Ellys or Ellis (1634?–1716) was an English academic, Master of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge from 1703.

Spixworth Park

Spixworth Hall was an Elizabethan stately home situated in the civil parish of Spixworth, Norfolk, located just north of the city of Norwich on the Buxton Road, until it was demolished in 1952.

Gonville may refer to:

Richard Fisher Belward

Richard Fisher BelwardD.D. FRS was an academic in England in the second half of the 18th century and the early years of the 19th. He was born Richard Fisher, adopting the name Belward in 1791.

References

Notes
Bibliography