Employment Appeal Tribunal

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The Employment Appeal Tribunal is a tribunal in England and Wales and Scotland, and is a superior court of record. [1] Its primary role is to hear appeals from Employment Tribunals in England, Scotland and Wales. It also hears appeals from decisions of the Certification Officer and the Central Arbitration Committee and has original jurisdiction over certain industrial relations issues.

Contents

The tribunal may sit anywhere in Great Britain, although it is required to have an office in London. [2] It is part of the UK tribunals system, under the administration of His Majesty's Courts and Tribunals Service. The tribunal may not make a declaration of incompatibility under the Human Rights Act 1998. [3]

Membership

There are two classes of members of the tribunal:

Members are nominated or appointed by the Lord Chief Justice. One of the nominated judges is selected as the president. The usual term of office for president is three years. Since 1 January 2019, the president has been Sir Akhlaq Choudhury. [5]

Procedure

The tribunal is governed by the Employment Appeal Tribunal Rules 1993, [6] as amended in 1996, 2001, 2004 and 2005, and further by its Practice Direction. [7] Parties are expected to understand and apply these rules.

Jurisdiction

The tribunal has jurisdiction to consider appeals only on questions of law, including perversity. [8]

Appeals from the Employment Appeals Tribunal

A party dissatisfied with a decision of the Employment Appeal Tribunal may apply to the tribunal requesting a review of its own decision. The tribunal may also review its decision of its own motion. Decisions can be reviewed where an error is relatively minor, for example a clerical error. Where a party believes the tribunal has misapplied the law or acted perversely, the review process is inappropriate and the party may appeal to the Court of Appeal (England and Wales) or the Court of Session (Scotland).

Parties are expected to comply with strictly enforced time limits when applying for a review or appeal.

History

The Employment Appeal Tribunal was created in 1975 [9] as a successor to the National Industrial Relations Court, which had been abolished in 1974.

Presidents of the Employment Appeal Tribunal

Offices

The tribunal has two permanent offices: for England and Wales it is located at Fleetbank House, Salisbury Square, in the Fleet Street area of London; for Scotland it is located at George House, 126 George Street in Edinburgh. [10]

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References

  1. Employment Tribunals Act 1996, s.20
  2. Employment Tribunals Act 1996, s.20(2)
  3. Whittaker v. P & D Watson (t/a P and M Watson Haulage) [2002] ICR 1244
  4. Employment Tribunals Act 1996, s.22(1)
  5. "President of the Employment Appeal Tribunal – Mr Justice Choudhury". Judiciary of England and Wales. Retrieved 10 June 2021.
  6. "Employment Appeal Procedure Rules" (PDF). Tribunals Service. 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 21 March 2008.
  7. "Practice Direction". Tribunals Service. 2004. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 21 March 2008.
  8. Yeboah v. Crofton CA [2002] EWCA Civ 794
  9. Employment Protection Act 1975, s.87
  10. Employment Appeal Tribunal Contact Us