First Aceh Expedition

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First Aceh Expedition
Generaal Kohler sneuvelt in de Mesigit.jpg
General J.H.R. Köhler killed in Mesigit
Date26 March 1873 – 25 April 1873
(4 weeks and 2 days)
Result Acehnese victory
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Flag of the Aceh Sultanate.png Sultanate of Aceh
Commanders and leaders
Flag of the Netherlands.svg J.H.R. Köhler   Flag of the Aceh Sultanate.png Panglima Polim
Flag of the Aceh Sultanate.png Sultan Alauddin Mahmud Syah II

The First Aceh Expedition was a punitive expedition of the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army against Aceh.

Early in 1873, the American Consul in Singapore had discussions with an Achenese emissary about a possible Acehnese-American treaty, which the Dutch saw as justification for intervention. In March 1873, the Dutch bombed the Acehnese capital Banda Aceh (Kutaraja) and in April they landed 3,000 troops led by Johan Harmen Rudolf Köhler. Having misjudged their Acehnese opposition, the Dutch were forced to withdraw losing Köhler and eighty men. They then established a blockade and Acehnese troops (estimates of whom range from 10,000 to 100,000) prepared for battle.

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