Ford Toploader transmission

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Toploader Transmission
Toploader 4speed Transmission.jpg
Overview
Type3 or 4-speed manual
Manufacturer Ford Motor Company
Also calledFord Design 4-Speed
3.03
Top Loader
Production1964–1973
Chronology
Predecessor Borg-Warner T-10
Dagenham 4-speed

A Toploader transmission is a manually shifted three and four speed gearbox introduced in 1963 by the Ford Motor Company to replace the BorgWarner T-10. It was used in most Fords and Mercurys from 1964 until 1973 as well as some foreign models. Officially designated the 3.03 three speed or Ford design four speed. The 3.03 is the centerline distance between counter shaft and mainshaft. The Toploader got its name from the fact that the access plate to the inner workings was located on the top of the main case as opposed to the side, a convention used on most gearboxes such as the Ford Dagenham or GM's Saginaw or Muncie. Distinguishing the three speed from the four is as simple as counting the fasteners on the top plate. The four speed has ten; the three, nine. Both the three and four speed top loader gearboxes were designed to function in constant mesh, due to synchronizer sleeves being used instead of sliding gears, and be fully synchronized, with the exception of reverse. Forward gears are helical-type while reverse gear including the exterior of the first and second synchronizers sleeve are spur-type gears. This transmission is also known as the Tremec T-170, HEH, or RUG depending on the year(s) of production. [1] At some point in the early 1970s production was moved to Mexico and the name was changed to Tremec.

Contents

Applications

Renowned for high-performance strength and durability, the Toploader (particularly the four-speed) was equipped in such sought after "A-list" cars as the Mustang, Talladega, AC Cobra, AC Frua and Sunbeam Tiger as well as the Ford Fairlane, Falcon, Galaxie, Ranchero, Torino, Bronco and the Mercury Comet, Caliente, Cyclone, (Mercury Cougar 1967 1973) and Marauder. Overall, the Toploader was used in 133 different models and was used extensively in racing as well. The 3 speed 3.03 was also the heavy duty transmission in 1960s Oldsmobile, Buick and Pontiac cars, with FOMOCO cast into the right side of the case; such was common in those days, as Lincoln used GM's Hydra-Matic transmission for years in the early 1950s. It is the Jeep T150 with a cast top cover and a floor ("cane") shifter.

Specifications

Top and side view, with Hurst shifter. Ford Design 3-speed OD Transmission w. Hurst Shifter.jpg
Top and side view, with Hurst shifter.

The Toploader comprises two components: the main case, which encloses the gears, input and counter shaft, and the tailhousing, which encloses the speedometer gear and output shaft. The main case measures 12" in length, while the tailhousing measures 14", 14 12" or 17", depending on the application.

Shifter bosses are cast into the tailhousing along various points depending on the location of the shifter, as required for each model. Generally Falcons and Comets have shifters mounted forward along the housing, Mustangs rearward, and Fairlanes and full size Fords somewhere in between. Toploaders were also designed for two specific applications: small blocks like the Ford Windsor engine, and big blocks like the Ford FE engine and Ford 385 engine series. Some big blocks required a larger "input shaft" to withstand the torque.

Toploader 4 speed

ApplicationEngine used (cid)Toploader LengthInput shaft ODSplines, inputSplines, output
Cougar289, 302, 35126"1 116"1028
Falcon, Comet170, 200, 260, 28926"1 116"1028
Fairlane 1964-65170, 200, 260, 28925 12"1 116"1028
Fairlane 1967-68200, 289, 39026"1 116"1028
Maverick200, 250, 30226"1 116"1028
Mustang 1964-73200, 28926"1 116"1028
Ranchero 1967-68200, 289, 39026"1 116"1028
Tiger, TVR260, 28927 12"1 116"1028
Fords, Mercurys200, 289, 39029"1 116"1028
Ranchero 1969 up302,351C, 428, 42929"1 38"1031
Fords, Mercurys428, 429, Boss29"1 38"1031
Mustang 1968 up427, 428, Boss26"1 38"1031

Note: 1964 and early 1965 Toploaders came with 25 spline output shafts which subsequently proved to be defective and were quickly replaced.

Gear Ratios

Toploader 3 speed - Close [2]

1st2nd3rd
Ratio2.421.611.00

Toploader 3 speed - Wide

1st2nd3rd
Ratio2.991.751.00

Toploader 4 speed - Close

1st2nd3rd4th
Ratio2.321.691.291.00
Tooth Count32282523
Counter Gear Tooth Count15182125

Toploader 4 speed - Wide

1st2nd3rd4th
Ratio2.781.931.361.00
Tooth Count32312523
Counter Gear Tooth Count15212430

Note: Gear ratio is determined by tooth count on second gear. Close ratio has 28 teeth, wide has 31.

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References

  1. O'Clair, Jim (February 2007). "Ford Toploader Four-speed Transmission". Hemmings Motor News . Retrieved 2010-01-02.
  2. ""FORD FINAL DRIVE RATIOS"". Gear Vendors. Retrieved 2021-06-15.