French frigate Charmante (1777)

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History
Flag of the Kingdom of France (1814-1830).svg France
Name:Charmante
Builder: Brest [1]
Laid down: April 1777 [1]
Launched: 30 August 1777 [1]
In service: January 1778 [1]
Fate: Wrecked on the Chaussée de Sein on 24 March 1780 [1]
General characteristics
Class and type: Charmante class frigate
Tons burthen: 540 tonnes
Length: 44.2 m (145 ft)
Beam: 11.2 m (37 ft)
Draught: 5.4 m (18 ft)
Armament: 32 guns

Charmante was a 32-gun of the French Navy, lead ship of her class.

Contents

Career

In 1778, under Lieutenant Henri Pantaléon de Mac Nemara, [Note 1] [3] Charmante cruised in the Caribbean, arriving at Fort Royal [4] on 23 June 1778. [1]

On 1 September, as Charmante was escorting a convoy from Port-au-Prince around Saint-Domingue along with Dédaigneuse, she encountered the British frigate HMS Active, under Captain Williams-Freeman, [5] and captured her. [1]

On 16 February 1780, under Baron de la Haye, [6] she was part of a squadron comprising the 64-gun Ajax and Protée, as well as the fluyt Éléphant. In the action of 24 February 1780, the convoy encountered a British force under George Rodney, and Protée sacrificed herself to cover the retreat of her fellows. While the convoy sailed on to the Indian Ocean with Ajax, Charmante returned to Lorient to bring the news of the battle, arriving there on 3 March. [1]

Fate

Charmante was wrecked on 24 March 1780 when a gale pushed her on the Chaussée de Sein. 83 men, including Captain Mengaud de la Haye, [7] managed to escape on the ship's longboat, [1] while 210 men died. [7] [Note 2]

Notes, citations, and references

Notes

  1. Alternatively spelt "Macnémara", "Macnemara" [2] or "Macnamara". Henri Pantaléon de Mac Nemara was the nephew of Vice-Admiral Jean-Baptiste Mac Nemara. [1]
  2. According to Lacour-Gayet, Mengaud de la Hage also died in the accident. [7]

Citations

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Roche, p.111
  2. Cunat, p.10
  3. "H Henri Pantaléon de MAC NEMARA". Geneanet. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  4. Present-day Fort-de-France
  5. Winfield (2007), p.229.
  6. Cunat (1852), p. 83.
  7. 1 2 Lacour-Gayet (1905), p. 307.

References

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