Germplasm Resources Information Network

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Germplasm Resources Information Network or GRIN is an online USDA National Genetic Resources Program software project to comprehensively manage the computer database for the holdings of all plant germplasm collected by the National Plant Germplasm System. [1]

Contents

GRIN has extended its role to manage information on the germplasm reposits of insect (invertebrate), microbial, and animal species (see sub-projects). [2]

Description

The site is a resource for identifying taxonomic information (scientific names) as well as common names [3] on more than 500,000 accessions (distinct varieties, cultivars etc.) of plants covering 10,000 species; [4] [5] both economically important ones [3] and wild species. It profiles plants that are invasive or noxious weeds, [3] threatened or endangered, [3] giving out data on worldwide distribution [3] of its habitat; as well as passport information. [6] GRIN also incorporates an Economic Plants Database. [3]

The network is maintained by GRIN's Database Management Unit (GRIN/DBMU). [2] GRIN is under the oversight of National Germplasm Resources Laboratory (NGRL) in Beltsville, Maryland, [6] which in 1990 replaced its forerunner, the Germplasm Services Laboratory (GSL), [2] that had formerly run GRIN). [7] Since November, 2015 GRIN has been running on GRIN-Global software produced by a collaborative project between the USDA and the Global Crop Diversity Trust. [8]

Sub-projects

A stated mission of GRIN is to support the following projects: [9]

See also

Related Research Articles

<i>Pinus contorta</i> species of plant

Pinus contorta, with the common names lodgepole pine and shore pine, and also known as twisted pine, and contorta pine, is a common tree in western North America. It is common near the ocean shore and in dry montane forests to the subalpine, but is rare in lowland rain forests. Like all pines, it is an evergreen conifer.

<i>Xanthocercis</i> genus of plants

Xanthocercis is a tree genus in the family Fabaceae. Species include:

Urodon is a small genus from the family Fabaceae native to southwestern Australia.

Germplasm

Germplasm are living genetic resources such as seeds or tissues that are maintained for the purpose of animal and plant breeding, preservation, and other research uses. These resources may take the form of seed collections stored in seed banks, trees growing in nurseries, animal breeding lines maintained in animal breeding programs or gene banks, etc. Germplasm collections can range from collections of wild species to elite, domesticated breeding lines that have undergone extensive human selection. Germplasm collection is important for the maintenance of biological diversity and food security.

<i>Dipteryx</i> genus of plants

Dipteryx is a genus containing a number of species of large trees and possibly shrubs. It belongs to the "papilionoid" subfamily – Faboideae – of the legume family (Fabaceae). This genus is native to South and Central America and the Caribbean. Formerly, the related genus Taralea was included in Dipteryx.

<i>Physocarpus</i> genus of plants

Physocarpus, commonly called ninebark, is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rosaceae, native to North America and northeastern Asia.

<i>Packera glabella</i> species of plant

Packera glabella is one of several plants with the common name butterweed, this one has also been called cressleaf groundsel and yellowtop. It is native to central and southeastern North America. It is toxic when eaten by humans.

<i>Goodia</i> genus of plants

Goodia is a genus in the pea family, Fabaceae.

<i>Uvaria</i> genus of plants

Uvaria is a genus of flowering plants in the soursop family, Annonaceae. The generic name uvaria is derived from the Latin uva meaning grape, likely because the edible fruit of some species in the genus resemble grapes.

<i>Hieracium albertinum</i> species of plant

Hieracium albertinum, known as western hawkweed or houndstongue hawkweed, is a species of the genus Hieracium that is very similar to Hieracium albiflorum with white flowers but differs in that the flower heads are clustered and the leaves, stems and bracts are covered in a thick layer of hairs. Standing 1 inch (3 cm) to 5 inches (13 cm) tall, it can be found blooming from June through August in forest clearings.

Keitt (mango) A type of mango cultivar

The 'Keitt' mango is a late-season mango cultivar which originated in south Florida.

<i>Operculina</i> genus of plants

Operculina is a genus member of the morning-glory family of plants which contains 15 species that are located throughout the world.

<i>Piptanthus</i> genus of plants

Piptanthus is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae, and the subfamily Faboideae.

<i>Aframomum corrorima</i> species of plant

Aframomum corrorima is a species in the ginger family, Zingiberaceae. The spice, known as Ethiopian cardamom, false cardamom, or korarima, is obtained from the plant's seeds, and is extensively used in Ethiopian and Eritrean cuisine. It is an ingredient in berbere, mitmita, awaze, and other spice mixtures, and is also used to flavor coffee. In Ethiopian herbal medicine, the seeds are used as a tonic, carminative, and laxative.

Carrie (mango)

The 'Carrie' mango is a named mango cultivar that originated in south Florida, USA.

Bolboschoenus robustus is a species of flowering plant in the sedge family. It is known by many common names: saltmarsh bulrush, alkali bulrush, sturdy bulrush, seacoast bulrush, stout bulrush, three-cornered sedge or leafy three-cornered sedge, and seaside club-rush.

The U.S. National Plant Germplasm System (NPGS) is a cooperative effort by U.S. state and federal government and private organizations to preserve the genetic diversity of plants.

Genesys is an online, global portal about plant genetic resources for food and agriculture. It is a gateway from which germplasm accessions from gene banks around the world can be easily found and ordered.

References

  1. National Research Council (U.S.); Committee on Managing Global Genetic Resources: Agricultural Imperatives (1991). The U.S. National Plant Germplasm System. National Academies Press. p. 139. ISBN   9780309043908.
  2. 1 2 3 "About us". Agricultural Resource Service. May 11, 2009. Archived from the original on May 27, 2012. Retrieved June 30, 2012.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Lipscomb, Barney L.; Pipoly, John James; Sanders, Roger William (2000). Floristics in the New Millennium: Proceedings of the Flora of the Southeast US Symposium. 18. BRIT Press. p. 90. ISBN   9781889878041.
  4. Miller, William; Pellen, Rita M. (2006). Evolving Internet Reference Resources. 1. Psychology Press. p. 386. ISBN   9780789030252. It gives 450,000 accessions (outdated; GRIN gives 500,000 as of June 2012).
  5. "Accession Area Queries". Germplasm Resources Information Network. Archived from the original on May 27, 2012. Retrieved June 30, 2012. It gives 500,000 accessions.
  6. 1 2 Ullrich, Steven E. (2011). Barley: Production, Improvement, and Uses. John Wiley & Sons. p. 149. ISBN   9780813801230.
  7. National Research Council (U.S.).; Committee on Managing Global Genetic Resources: Agricultural Imperatives (1991). The U.S. National Plant Germplasm System. National Academies Press. pp. 6, 96. ISBN   9780309043908.
  8. "GRIN-Global" . Retrieved March 31, 2020.
  9. "About GRIN". Germplasm Resources Information Network. Archived from the original on May 9, 2012. Retrieved June 30, 2012.