Type of site
|Owner||Plant Names Project|
|Created by||The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Harvard University Herbarium, and the Australian National Herbarium|
The International Plant Names Index (IPNI) describes itself as "a database of the names and associated basic bibliographical details of seed plants, ferns and lycophytes." Coverage of plant names is best at the rank of species and genus.It includes basic bibliographical details associated with the names. Its goals include eliminating the need for repeated reference to primary sources for basic bibliographic information about plant names.
The IPNI also maintains a list of standardized author abbreviations. These were initially based on Brummitt & Powell (1992), but new names and abbreviations are continually added.
IPNI is the product of a collaboration between The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Index Kewensis), The Harvard University Herbaria (Gray Herbarium Index), and the Australian National Herbarium (APNI). The IPNI database is a collection of the names registered by the three cooperating institutions and they work towards standardizing the information. The standard of author abbreviations recommended by the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants is Brummitt and Powell’s Authors of Plant Names . A digital and continually updated list of authors and abbreviations can be consulted online at IPNI.
The IPNI provides names that have appeared in scholarly publications, with the objective of providing an index of published names rather than prescribing the accepted botanical nomenclature.
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew is a non-departmental public body in the United Kingdom sponsored by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. An internationally important botanical research and education institution, it employs 1,100 staff. Its board of trustees is chaired by Dame Amelia Fawcett.
William Aiton was a Scottish botanist.
The Index Kewensis (IK), maintained by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, is a publication that aims to register all botanical names for seed plants at the rank of species and genera. It later came to include names of taxonomic families and ranks below that of species.
Index Fungorum is an international project to index all formal names in the fungus kingdom. As of 2015 the project is based at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, one of three partners along with Landcare Research and the Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences.
In botanical nomenclature, author citation refers to citing the person or group of people who validly published a botanical name, i.e. who first published the name while fulfilling the formal requirements as specified by the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). In cases where a species is no longer in its original generic placement, both the author(s) of the original genus placement and those of the new combination are given.
Benjamin Daydon Jackson was a pioneering botanist and taxonomer who wrote the first volume of Index Kewensis to include all the flowering plants.
Robert Desmond Meikle OBE is an Irish botanist from the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Jinzō Matsumura was a Japanese botanist. The standard author abbreviation Matsum. is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name.
François Crépin was an important botanist of the 19th century and director of the National Botanic Garden of Belgium.
The Australian Plant Name Index (APNI) is an online database of all published names of Australian vascular plants. It covers all names, whether current names, synonyms or invalid names. It includes bibliographic and typification details, information from the Australian Plant Census including distribution by state, links to other resources such as specimen collection maps and plant photographs, and the facility for notes and comments on other aspects.
Rune Bertil Nordenstam is a Swedish botanist and professor emeritus at the Swedish Museum of Natural History in the Department of Phanerogamic Botany. He has worked with Colchicaceae, Senecioneae and Calenduleae, was the editor of Compositae Newsletter newsletter since 1990, and is a Tribal Coordinator for The International Compositae Alliance with responsibility for the tribes Calenduleae and Senecioneae.
Rosette Mercedes Saraiva Batarda was a Portuguese botanist and taxonomist who was married to Abílio Fernandes (1906–1994), another Portuguese botanist and taxonomist.
Ren-Chang Ching, courtesy name Zinong, was a Chinese botanist who specialised in ferns.
Stephen Troyte Dunn was a British botanist. He described and systematized a significant number of plants around the world, his input most noticeable in the taxonomy of the flora of China. Among the plants he first scientifically described was Bauhinia blakeana, the national flower of Hong Kong.
Authors of Plant Names by Richard Kenneth Brummitt and C. E. Powell, 1992, is a print database of accepted standardized abbreviations used for citing the author who validly published the name of a taxon. The database is now maintained online at the International Plant Names Index. The book provides recommended abbreviations for authors' names that help to distinguish authors with the same surname when giving the full name of a taxon. It deals authors who validly published the name of a flowering plant, gymnosperm, fern, bryophyte, algae, fungi or fossil plants. Prior to its publication in 1992, many abbreviations for authors to be cited could be found in Taxonomic literature. A selective guide to botanical publications and collections with dates, commentaries and types. by F. A. Stafleu & R. F. Cowen, 1976–1988.
Augustin Abel Hector Léveillé was a French botanist and clergyman.
Alexander Alfonsovich Grossheim was a Ukrainian botanist. He travelled widely over the Caucasus region collecting and studying various different plant life. He is most known for Pteridophytes and Spermatophytes species.
Gwendoline Joyce Lewis (1909–1967) was a South African botanist.
Mary Letitia (Green) Sprague (1886-1978) was a British botanist and bibliographer at Kew Gardens. In 1938 she married Scottish botanist Thomas Archibald Sprague, the Deputy Keeper of the Kew Herbarium, and together they compiled several supplements to the Index Kewensis. She was an expert on Loranthaceae. The standard author abbreviation M.L.Green is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name.
Almut Gitter Jones was a German-American botanist and plant taxonomist known for her work researching the genus Aster and for her work as Curator of the University of Illinois herbarium. She was married to fellow botanist George Neville Jones. She described over fifty species. The standard author abbreviation A.G.Jones is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name.
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