International Plant Names Index

Last updated
International Plant Names Index
IPNI logo4 1.png
Type of site
Database
OwnerPlant Names Project
Created byThe Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Harvard University Herbarium, and the Australian National Herbarium
URL ipni.org
Alexa rankIncrease Negative.svg 1,098,445 (March 2020) [1]
CommercialNo
RegistrationNot required
Launched1999

The International Plant Names Index (IPNI) describes itself as "a database of the names and associated basic bibliographical details of seed plants, ferns and lycophytes." Coverage of plant names is best at the rank of species and genus. [2] It includes basic bibliographical details associated with the names. Its goals include eliminating the need for repeated reference to primary sources for basic bibliographic information about plant names. [3] [4]

Contents

The IPNI also maintains a list of standardized author abbreviations. These were initially based on Brummitt & Powell (1992), but new names and abbreviations are continually added.

Description

IPNI is the product of a collaboration between The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Index Kewensis), The Harvard University Herbaria (Gray Herbarium Index), and the Australian National Herbarium (APNI). The IPNI database is a collection of the names registered by the three cooperating institutions and they work towards standardizing the information. The standard of author abbreviations recommended by the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants is Brummitt and Powell’s Authors of Plant Names . A digital and continually updated list of authors and abbreviations can be consulted online at IPNI.

The IPNI provides names that have appeared in scholarly publications, with the objective of providing an index of published names rather than prescribing the accepted botanical nomenclature. [3]

See also

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Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew is a non-departmental public body in the United Kingdom sponsored by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. An internationally important botanical research and education institution, it employs 1,100 staff. Its board of trustees is chaired by Dame Amelia Fawcett.

William Aiton Scottish botanist

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In botanical nomenclature, author citation refers to citing the person or group of people who validly published a botanical name, i.e. who first published the name while fulfilling the formal requirements as specified by the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). In cases where a species is no longer in its original generic placement, both the author(s) of the original genus placement and those of the new combination are given.

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Jinzō Matsumura was a Japanese botanist. The standard author abbreviation Matsum. is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name.

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Gwendoline Joyce Lewis (1909–1967) was a South African botanist.

Mary Letitia (Green) Sprague (1886-1978) was a British botanist and bibliographer at Kew Gardens. In 1938 she married Scottish botanist Thomas Archibald Sprague, the Deputy Keeper of the Kew Herbarium, and together they compiled several supplements to the Index Kewensis. She was an expert on Loranthaceae. The standard author abbreviation M.L.Green is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name.

Almut Gitter Jones was a German-American botanist and plant taxonomist known for her work researching the genus Aster and for her work as Curator of the University of Illinois herbarium. She was married to fellow botanist George Neville Jones. She described over fifty species. The standard author abbreviation A.G.Jones is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name.

References

  1. "Ipni.org Site Info". Alexa Internet . Retrieved 2020-03-22.
  2. "Index Kewensis". International Plant Name Index. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  3. 1 2 Lughadha, Eimear Nic (29 April 2004). "Towards a working list of all known plant species". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences. 359 (1444): 681–687. doi:10.1098/rstb.2003.1446. PMC   1693359 . PMID   15253353.
  4. Croft, J.; Cross, N.; Hinchcliffe, S.; Lughadha, E. Nic; Stevens, P. F.; West, J. G.; Whitbread, G. (May 1999). "Plant Names for the 21st Century: The International Plant Names Index, a Distributed Data Source of General Accessibility". Taxon. 48 (2): 317. doi:10.2307/1224436. JSTOR   1224436.