Hero (sloop)

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The Hero was a tiny sloop, just 44 tons and 47 feet long, captained by 21-year-old Nathaniel Palmer of Stonington, Connecticut, and manned by a crew of four additional men ranging in age from 16 to 31. It was in the Hero that Palmer, in search of as-yet-unknown seal-hunting prospects, stumbled upon Deception Island (in November 1820) and, soon afterward, first sighted the snow-clad mountains of the Antarctic coastline to the south-southeast. Palmer would soon afterward relay his signal discovery to a Russian exploration fleet, which had been sent to the distant southern waters by Alexander I of Russia. [1] [2]

Nathaniel Palmer American explorer

Nathaniel Brown Palmer was an American seal hunter, explorer, sailing captain, and ship designer. He gave his name to Palmer Land, Antarctica, which he explored in 1820 on his Hero sloop. He was born in Stonington, Connecticut, and was a descendant of Walter Palmer, one of the town's founders.

Stonington, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

The town of Stonington is located in New London County, Connecticut in the state's southeastern corner. It includes the borough of Stonington, the villages of Pawcatuck, Lords Point, and Wequetequock, and the eastern halves of the villages of Mystic and Old Mystic. The population of the town was 18,545 at the 2010 census.

Deception Island Island in the South Shetland Islands archipelago, with one of the safest harbours in Antarctica

Deception Island is an island in the South Shetland Islands archipelago, with one of the safest harbours in Antarctica. This island is the caldera of an active volcano, which seriously damaged local scientific stations in 1967 and 1969. The island previously held a whaling station; it is now a tourist destination and scientific outpost, with Argentine and Spanish research bases. While various countries have asserted sovereignty, it is still administered under the Antarctic Treaty System.

In honor of Palmer's Hero, US National Science Foundation named a research ship for her, RV Hero . The new Hero was a diesel-driven, 125-foot ship, equipped with sails also, which was built for doing research in the waters of the Antarctic Peninsula, from her port at Palmer Station. [3] She was launched from Harvey F. Gamage shipyard in South Bristol, Maine, on March 28, 1968, [4] and sank in 2017. [5]

National Science Foundation United States government agency

The National Science Foundation (NSF) is a United States government agency that supports fundamental research and education in all the non-medical fields of science and engineering. Its medical counterpart is the National Institutes of Health. With an annual budget of about US$7.8 billion, the NSF funds approximately 24% of all federally supported basic research conducted by the United States' colleges and universities. In some fields, such as mathematics, computer science, economics, and the social sciences, the NSF is the major source of federal backing.

RV <i>Hero</i>

RV Hero was a research vessel that operated in Antarctica for the National Science Foundation between 1968 and 1984, after which she was laid up until she sank in 2017.

Antarctic Peninsula peninsula

The Antarctic Peninsula, known as O'Higgins Land in Chile, Tierra de San Martin in Argentina, and originally known as the Palmer Peninsula in the US and as Graham Land in Great Britain, is the northernmost part of the mainland of Antarctica, located at the base of the Southern Hemisphere.

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References

  1. Cutler, Carl C. (1930). Greyhounds of the Sea (reprint ed.). New York: Halcyon Books.
  2. Jennings, John (1952). Clipper Ship Days: The Golden Age of American Sailing Ships. New York: Random House. pp. 66–75.
  3. "Hero: A New Antarctic Research Ship Adjunct to Palmer Station Permits Diversified Research Program". Antarctic Journal. May–June 1968.
  4. "The Launching of Hero". Antarctic Journal. May–June 1968.
  5. "Hero sinks". Chinook Observer . March 7, 2017. Retrieved March 9, 2017.