Hossein Makki

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Hossein Makki
Hossein Makki.jpg
Member of Parliament
In office
27 April 1952 16 August 1953
Constituency Tehran
In office
9 February 1950 19 February 1952
Constituency Tehran
In office
12 June 1947 28 July 1949
Constituency Arak
Personal details
Born
Seyyed Hossein Makki

1911 [1]
Meybod, Iran [1]
Died8 December 1999(1999-12-08) (aged 87–88) [1]
Tehran, Iran
Resting place Behesht-e Zahra
NationalityIranian
Political party
Military service
AllegianceIran
Branch/service Air Force
Rank Sergeant major

Seyyed Hossein Makki (Persian : سید حسین مکی) was an Iranian politician, orator and historian. [2] He was a member of Parliament of Iran for three consecutive terms from 1947 to 1953.

Persian language Western Iranian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran. It is written right to left in the Persian alphabet, a modified variant of the Arabic script, which itself evolved from the Aramaic alphabet.

The son of a bazaari merchant, [2] Makki was an employee of National Iranian Railroad Company, [1] having previously served as a non-commissioned officer in the Imperial Iranian Air Force. [3] He began his career as a journalist in 1941 [1] and was a founding member of the Iran Party, as one of the few who was not Western-educated. [2] He left the party as a leading member of Democrat Party of Iran in 1946 and entered the Parliament of Iran as a protégé of Ahmad Qavam in 1947. [2] He left his patron in 1949 to embrace a nationalist cause, befriending Mohammad Mossadegh and co-founding National Front. [1] He actively supported nationalization of the Iran oil industry movement and delivered a filibustering speech that took four days to prevent the oil agreement. He later broke away from Mossadegh and the National Front. [2]

Bazaari is the name given to the merchant class and workers of bazaars, the traditional marketplaces of Iran. Bazaari are involved in "petty trade of a traditional, or nearly traditional, kind, centered on the bazaar and its Islamic culture". They have been described as "the class of people who helped make the 1979 Iranian Revolution".

Islamic Republic of Iran Railways

The Islamic Republic of Iran Railways is the national state-owned railway system of Iran. The Raja Passenger Train Company is an associate of the IR, and manages its passenger trains. The Railway Transportation Company is an associate of the IR to manage its freight transport. The Ministry of Roads & Urban Development (Iran) is the state agency that oversees the IRIR. Some 33 million tons of goods and 29 million passengers are transported annually by the rail transportation network, accounting for 9 percent and 11 percent of the whole transportations in Iran (2011).

Iran Party

The Iran Party is a socialist and nationalist party in Iran, founded in 1941. It is described as the "backbone of the National Front", the leading umbrella organization of Iranian nationalists established in 1949. The party's total membership has never exceeded the several hundred figure.

He was briefly imprisoned in 1955 and spent the rest of his life writing about Iranian history, [1] most notably the best-selling eight-volume series Tāriḵ-e bist sāla-ye Irān (Twenty Year History of Iran). [2]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Rahnema, Ali. "Makki, Hoseyn (1911–1999)". Behind the 1953 Coup in Iran: Thugs, Turncoats, Soldiers, and Spooks. Cambridge University Press. p. 306. ISBN   1107076064.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Abrahamian, Ervand (2013). The Coup: 1953, the CIA, and the roots of modern U.S.-Iranian relations. New York: New Press, The. pp. 49–50. ISBN   978-1-59558-826-5.
  3. Gasiorowski, Mark J.; Byrne, Malcolm (2004). "Makki". Mohammad Mosaddeq and the 1953 Coup in Iran. Syracuse University Press. pp. 60–62. ISBN   0815630182.