Isaac D. Hamilton

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Isaac D. Hamilton (1804-1859) was a Texas Revolutionary soldier and survivor of the Goliad Massacre. A native of Alabama, Hamilton joined Dr. Jack Shackelford's Red Rovers in 1835 and fought in the Battle of Coleto where he was badly wounded. Hamilton escaped the massacre of 425 men on March 27, 1836, along with three other members of the Red Rovers, including Dillard Cooper. Hamilton's wounds made travel painful and slow and, at his own insistence, the other three left him behind. Hamilton was recaptured and was in transit to be executed when two Mexican women helped him make his escape. He linked back up with Texian forces and eventually made his way back to Alabama.

Texas Revolution military conflict

The Texas Revolution was a rebellion of colonists from the United States and Tejanos in putting up armed resistance to the centralist government of Mexico. While the uprising was part of a larger one that included other provinces opposed to the regime of President Antonio López de Santa Anna, the Mexican government believed the United States had instigated the Texas insurrection with the goal of annexation. The Mexican Congress passed the Tornel Decree, declaring that any foreigners fighting against Mexican troops "will be deemed pirates and dealt with as such, being citizens of no nation presently at war with the Republic and fighting under no recognized flag." Only the province of Texas succeeded in breaking with Mexico, establishing the Republic of Texas, and eventually being annexed by the United States.

Alabama State of the United States of America

Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. It is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, Florida and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, and Mississippi to the west. Alabama is the 30th largest by area and the 24th-most populous of the U.S. states. With a total of 1,500 miles (2,400 km) of inland waterways, Alabama has among the most of any state.

Jack Shackelford American doctor, politician and soldier

Jack Shackelford was an American doctor, politician and soldier. He raised and led a unit in Courtland, Alabama called the Red Rovers or the Alabama Red Rovers to fight in the Texas Revolution. He was one of the few survivors of the Goliad massacre.

Hamilton would spend the next two decades attempting to gain title to a league of land (4,428.4 acres) that had been promised Texas Revolutionaries for their service, first from the Republic of Texas then from the State of Texas. Hamiliton was finally granted land near present day Beaumont but, having never recovered fully from his wounds, died after making the trip to Texas before the land could even be surveyed. He is buried in the Old Moulton Cemetery in Moulton, Lavaca County, Texas. [1] [2]

Republic of Texas independent sovereign nation in North America that existed from March 2, 1836, to February 19, 1846

The Republic of Texas was a sovereign state in North America that existed from March 2, 1836, to February 19, 1846. It was bordered by Mexico to the west and southwest, the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast, the two U.S. states of Louisiana and Arkansas to the east and northeast, and United States territories encompassing parts of the current U.S. states of Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado, Wyoming, and New Mexico to the north and west. The citizens of the republic were known as Texians.

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Moulton, Texas Town in Texas, United States

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Goliad massacre

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Plácido Benavides (1810–1837) was an early Mexican-born settler in De Leon's Colony, Victoria County, Texas. Benavides earned himself the sobriquet of the Paul Revere of Texas for his 1836 journey from San Patricio to Goliad to Victoria, warning residents of the approaching Mexican army. He was twice elected alcalde of Victoria, Texas. He married into the powerful De León family, and with his wife Agustina became the father of three daughters. Benavides fought against the dictatorship of Antonio López de Santa Anna, but did not feel Texas should be separated from Mexico.

Dillard Cooper Survivor of the Goliad Massacre

Dillard Cooper (1814-1896) was an American farmer and Texas Revolutionary soldier who survived the Goliad massacre. Born in South Carolina, Cooper married his first wife, Lucinda, and moved first to Tennessee and then to Courtland, Alabama.

The Red Rovers, commonly referred to as the Alabama Red Rovers, was a filibuster force organized in Courtland, Alabama to support the Texas Revolution. Raised by doctor and planter Jack Shackelford in November 1835, the unit took its name from the red jeans of their uniforms and was outfitted with equipment from Alabama state arsenal. Consisting of some 70 men, nearly half the men in Courtland, the unit remained encamped until December 12 before setting out for Texas by way of New Orleans. After arriving at Lavaca Bay on January 19, 1836 and being accepted into Texas service on February 3, the Red Rovers were put under command of Colonel James W. Fannin. They fought in the Battle of Coleto on March 19–20, performing well, but the Texians were overrun and ultimately forced to surrender

References

  1. "Sgt Isaac D. Hamilton (1804-1859) - Find A Grave..." www.findagrave.com. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  2. Hamilton, Lester (1971). Goliad Survivor Isaac D. Hamilton. Naylor Co. ISBN   978-0811104173.