Haley in Alexander's Ragtime Band (1938)
John Joseph Haley Jr.
August 10, 1897
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
|Died||June 6, 1979 81) (aged|
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Occupation||Actor, comedian, singer, dancer|
|Known for||The Tin Man in The Wizard of Oz (1939)|
Florence McFadden(m. 1921)
|Children||2, including Jack Haley Jr.|
John Joseph Haley Jr (August 10, 1897 – June 6, 1979) was an American vaudevillian, actor, radio host, comedian, singer and dancer best known for his portrayal of the Tin Man and his farmhand counterpart "Hickory" in the classic 1939 MGM film The Wizard of Oz .
The Tin Woodman, better known as either the Tin Man or (incorrectly) the Tin Woodsman, is a character in the fictional Land of Oz created by American author L. Frank Baum. Baum's Tin Woodman first appeared in his classic 1900 book The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, and reappeared in many other subsequent Oz books in the series. In late 19th-century America, men made out of various tin pieces were used in advertising and political cartoons. Baum, who was editing a magazine on decorating shop windows when he wrote The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, was reportedly inspired to invent the Tin Woodman by a figure he had built out of metal parts for a shop display.
The Wizard of Oz is a 1939 American musical fantasy film produced by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, currently distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures. Widely considered to be one of the greatest films in cinema history, it is the best-known and most commercially successful adaptation of L. Frank Baum's 1900 children's book The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. Directed primarily by Victor Fleming, the film stars Judy Garland as Dorothy Gale alongside Ray Bolger, Jack Haley, Bert Lahr, Frank Morgan, Billie Burke and Margaret Hamilton with Charley Grapewin, Pat Walshe, Clara Blandick, Terry and Singer's Midgets as the Munchkins.
Haley was born in Boston, Massachusetts, to Canadian-born parents John Joseph Haley Sr. and Ellen Curley Haley. His father was a sailor by trade and died in a ship wreck off the coast of Nova Scotia on February 1, 1898, when Jack was only six months old.He had one older brother, Bill, who died of pneumonia in 1915 at the age of 20 after contracting tuberculosis.
Boston is the capital and most populous city of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States. The city proper covers 48 square miles (124 km2) with an estimated population of 685,094 in 2017, making it also the most populous city in New England. Boston is the seat of Suffolk County as well, although the county government was disbanded on July 1, 1999. The city is the economic and cultural anchor of a substantially larger metropolitan area known as Greater Boston, a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) home to a census-estimated 4.8 million people in 2016 and ranking as the tenth-largest such area in the country. As a combined statistical area (CSA), this wider commuting region is home to some 8.2 million people, making it the sixth-largest in the United States.
Massachusetts, officially the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the states of Connecticut and Rhode Island to the south, New Hampshire and Vermont to the north, and New York to the west. The state is named after the Massachusett tribe, which once inhabited the east side of the area, and is one of the original thirteen states. The capital of Massachusetts is Boston, which is also the most populous city in New England. Over 80% of Massachusetts's population lives in the Greater Boston metropolitan area, a region influential upon American history, academia, and industry. Originally dependent on agriculture, fishing and trade, Massachusetts was transformed into a manufacturing center during the Industrial Revolution. During the 20th century, Massachusetts's economy shifted from manufacturing to services. Modern Massachusetts is a global leader in biotechnology, engineering, higher education, finance, and maritime trade.
Nova Scotia is one of Canada's three Maritime Provinces, and one of the four provinces that form Atlantic Canada. Its provincial capital is Halifax. Nova Scotia is the second-smallest of Canada's ten provinces, with an area of 55,284 square kilometres (21,300 sq mi), including Cape Breton and another 3,800 coastal islands. As of 2016, the population was 923,598. Nova Scotia is Canada's second-most-densely populated province, after Prince Edward Island, with 17.4 inhabitants per square kilometre (45/sq mi).
Haley headlined in vaudeville as a song-and-dance comedian. One of his closest friends was Fred Allen, who would frequently mention "Mr. Jacob Haley of Newton Highlands, Massachusetts" on the air. In the early 1930s, Haley starred in comedy shorts for Vitaphone in Brooklyn, New York. His wide-eyed, good-natured expression gained him supporting roles in musical feature films, including Poor Little Rich Girl with Shirley Temple, Higher and Higher with Frank Sinatra and the Irving Berlin musical Alexander's Ragtime Band . Both Poor Little Rich Girl and Alexander's Ragtime Band were released by Twentieth Century-Fox. Haley was under contract to them and appeared in the Fox films Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm and Pigskin Parade , marking his first appearance with Judy Garland. Haley hosted a radio show from 1937 to 1939 known to many as The Jack Haley Show. The first season (1937-1938), the show was sponsored by Log Cabin Syrup and was known as The Log Cabin Jamboree. The next season (1938-1939), the show was sponsored by Wonder Bread and was known as The Wonder Show. During the second season the show featured Gale Gordon and Lucille Ball as regular radio performers.
Vaudeville is a theatrical genre of variety entertainment born in France at the end of the 18th century. A vaudeville was originally a comedy without psychological or moral intentions, based on a comical situation: a kind of dramatic composition or light poetry, interspersed with songs or ballets. It became popular in the United States and Canada from the early 1880s until the early 1930s, but the idea of vaudeville's theatre changed radically from its French antecedent.
John Florence Sullivan, known professionally as Fred Allen, was an American comedian. His absurdist, topically pointed radio program The Fred Allen Show (1932–1949) made him one of the most popular and forward-looking humorists in the Golden Age of American radio.
Newton Highlands is a village of Newton, Massachusetts. Newton Highlands is largely suburban outside the village and the commercial district running along Winchester and Needham Streets.
Haley returned to musical comedies in the 1940s. Most of his '40s work was for RKO Radio Pictures. He left the studio in 1947 when he refused to appear in a remake of RKO's Seven Keys to Baldpate. Phillip Terry took the role. He subsequently went into real estate, taking guest roles in television series over the next couple of decades.
Phillip Terry was an American actor.
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer hired Haley for the part of the Tin Man in The Wizard of Oz after its contracted song-and-dance comedian Buddy Ebsen suffered an almost fatal allergic reaction. He had unwittingly inhaled some of the aluminum dust that composed the majority of the components that went into the creation of his silver face makeup. Bits of it instantly began to settle on his lungs and within a few days of principal photographic testing, he found himself preparing to sit down to dinner one night only to encounter difficulties taking a regular breath of oxygen. The dust was subsequently converted into a paste for Haley in the hope that the previous catastrophe that befell Ebsen would not be repeated. This time around, however, a different incident occurred. The application of the aluminum paste to Haley's face resulted in an eye infection that led to his being off the set for four days of shooting. Appropriate surgical treatment was administered and any chance of serious or permanent eye damage averted.Haley also portrayed the Tin Man's Kansas counterpart, Hickory, one of Aunt Em and Uncle Henry's farmhands.
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios Inc. is an American media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of feature films and television programs. One of the world's oldest film studios, MGM's headquarters are located at 245 North Beverly Drive in Beverly Hills, California.
Buddy Ebsen, was an American actor and dancer whose career spanned seven decades. His most famous role was as Jed Clampett in the CBS television sitcom The Beverly Hillbillies (1962–1971); afterwards he starred as the title character in the television detective drama Barnaby Jones (1973–1980).
Haley did not remember the makeup or the costume fondly. Interviewed about the film years later by Tom Snyder, he related that many fans assumed making the film was a fun experience. Haley said, "Like hell it was. It was work!" For his role as the Tin Woodman, Haley spoke in the same soft tone he used when reading bedtime stories to his children. Oz was one of only two films Haley made for MGM. The other was Pick a Star , a 1937 Hal Roach production distributed by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
Thomas James Snyder was an American television personality, news anchor, and radio personality best known for his late night talk shows Tomorrow, on the NBC television network in the 1970s and 1980s, and The Late Late Show, on the CBS Television Network in the 1990s. Snyder was also the pioneer anchor of the primetime NBC News Update, in the 1970s and early 1980s, which was a one-minute capsule of news updates in primetime.
Pick a Star is a 1937 American musical comedy film starring Rosina Lawrence, Jack Haley, Patsy Kelly and Mischa Auer, directed by Edward Sedgwick, produced by Hal Roach, and cinematography by Norbert Brodine. The film, released through Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, is mostly remembered today for two short scenes featuring Laurel and Hardy.
Harold Eugene Roach Sr. was an American film and television producer, director, and actor who was active from the 1910s to the 1990s. He is best known today for producing the Laurel and Hardy and Our Gang film comedy series.
Haley was raised Roman Catholic.He was a member of the Good Shepherd Parish and the Catholic Motion Picture Guild in Beverly Hills, California. He married Florence McFadden (1902–1996), a native of Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania on February 25, 1921; "I met her casually" Jack recalled. "As show people often do, and we became inseparable." They remained married until his death. Flo Haley opened a successful beauty shop and had many film personalities among her clients. The couple had a son, Jack Haley Jr. (1933–2001), who became a successful film producer, and a daughter, Gloria (1923–2010). In 1974, the younger Haley married entertainer Liza Minnelli, the daughter of his father's Oz co-star Judy Garland. The marriage ended in divorce in 1979. Jack Haley Jr. died on April 21, 2001. Gloria Haley-Parnassus died on May 1, 2010. His nephew Bob Dornan served as a Republican congressman from California.
Haley's last film appearance was in 1977's New York, New York —in the lavish "Happy Endings" musical number, he played a host who introduces a top Broadway star at an award ceremony, played by his then-daughter-in-law, Liza Minnelli. On April 9, 1979 he appeared at the 51st Academy Awards ceremony with his Oz co-star Ray Bolger to present the award for Best Costume Design. Bolger announced the nominees, Haley the winner. Before he could open the envelope, Bolger asked, "How come you get to read the winner?", to which Haley replied, "When your son produces the show, you can announce the winner." Jack Jr. was the show's producer that year. Haley remained active until a week before his death.
On June 6, 1979, Haley died of a heart attack at the UCLA Medical Center in Los Angeles, California at the age of 81.He is buried in Holy Cross Cemetery, Culver City, California.
Haley's autobiography, Heart of the Tin Man, was published in 2000.
|1927||Broadway Madness||Radio Announcer|| Burton L. King |
|1930||Follow Thru||Jack Martin||Lloyd Corrigan and |
|Performer: Button Up Your Overcoat|
|1933||Mr. Broadway||Jack Haley||Johnnie Walker and|
Edgar G. Ulmer
|Pete Pendleton|| Harry Joe Brown |
|Performer: You’re Such a Comfort to Me; I Wanna Meander with Miranda and Good Morning Glory|
|1934||Here Comes the Groom||Mike Scanlon|| Edward Sedgwick |
|1935||Spring Tonic||Sykes|| Clyde Bruckman |
Fox Film Corporation
|Redheads on Parade||Peter Mathews|| Norman Z. McLeod |
Fox Film Corporation
|The Girl Friend||Henry H. Henry|| Edward Buzzell |
|Performer: What is This Power and Two Together|
|Coronado||Chuck Hornbostel|| Norman Z. McLeod |
|Performer: All's Well in Coronado by the Sea and Keep Your Fingers Crossed|
|1936||F-Man||Johnny Dime|| Edward F. Cline |
|Poor Little Rich Girl||Jimmy Dolan|| Irving Cummings |
20th Century Fox
|Performer: You've got to Eat your Spinach Baby and Military Man|
|Mr. Cinderella||Joe Jenkins/|
Aloysius P. Merriweather
| Edward Sedgwick |
|Pigskin Parade||Winston ‘Slug’ Winters|| David Butler |
20th Century Fox
|Performer: You Do the Darndest Things Baby and The Balboa|
|1937||Pick a Star||Joe Jenkins|| Edward Sedgwick |
|Performer: Pick A Star and I've Got It Bad|
|She Had to Eat||Danny Decker|| Malcolm St. Clair |
20th Century Fox
|Wake Up and Live||Eddie Kane|| Sidney Lanfield |
20th Century Fox
|Danger – Love at Work||Henry MacMorrow|| Otto Preminger |
20th Century Fox
|Performer: Danger Love at Work|
|Ali Baba Goes to Town||Himself - Cameo|| David Butler |
20th Century Fox
|1938||Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm||Orville Smithers|| Allan Dwan |
20th Century Fox
|Performer: Alone With You|
|Alexander’s Ragtime Band||Davey Lane|| Henry King |
20th Century Fox
|Performer: Oh! How I Hate to Get Up in the Morning ; That International Rag and|
In My Harem (DVD extra only)
|Hold That Co-ed||Wilber Peters||George Marshall|
20th Century Fox
|Thanks for Everything||Henry Smith|| William A. Seiter |
20th Century Fox
|1939||The Wizard of Oz||The Tin Man / Hickory|| Victor Fleming |
Performer: If I Only Had a Heart and The Merry Old Land of Oz
|1941||Moon Over Miami||Jack O’Hara|| Walter Lang |
20th Century Fox
|Performer: Is That Good?|
|Navy Blues||‘Powerhouse’ Bolton|| Lloyd Bacon |
|Performer: When are we Going to Land Abroad|
|1942||Beyond the Blue Horizon||Squidge Sullivan|| Alfred Santell |
|1944||Higher and Higher||Mike O’Brien|| Tim Whelan |
|Performer: Today I'm a Debutante and The Music Stopped|
|Take It Big||Jack North|| Frank McDonald |
|Performer: Take It Big|
|One Body Too Many||Albert Tuttle|| Frank McDonald |
|1945||Scared Stiff||Larry Elliot|| Frank McDonald |
|George White's Scandals||Jack Evans|| Felix E. Feist |
|Sing Your Way Home||Steve Kimball|| Anthony Mann |
|1946||People Are Funny||Pinky Wilson|| Sam White |
|Performer: Hey Jose|
|Vacation in Reno||Jack Caroll|| Leslie Goodwins |
|Last major film before retirement from motion pictures|
|1970||Norwood||Mr. Reese|| Jack Haley, Jr. |
|Directed by his son producer/director Jack Haley Jr.|
|1977||New York, New York||Master of Ceremonies|| Martin Scorsese |
|This film marked Jack Haley’s final screen appearance.|
Uncredited, (final film role)
|1928||Haleyisms||Jack Haley||Also stars his wife Flo McFadden; Vitaphone production reel #2269|
|1930||The 20th Amendment||Wallace Moore|
|Success||Elmer||Performer: "Just a Gigolo"; Vitaphone production reel #1257-1258|
|1932||The Imperfect Lover||Vitaphone production reel #1324-1325|
|Absent Minded Abner||Abner||Vitaphone production reel #1372-1373|
|Sherlock’s Home||Vitaphone production reel #1441-1442|
|Then Came the Yawn|
|1933||The Build Up||Vitaphone production reel #1444-1445|
|Wrongorilla||Elmer||Vitaphone production reel #1486-1484|
|Hollywood on Parade No. A-9||Himself|
|An Idle Roomer||Vitaphone production reel #1531-1532|
|Nothing but the Tooth||Smilie Jones||Performer: "Smiles"; Vitaphone production reel #1542-1543|
|Salt Water Daffy||Elmer Wagonbottom|
|1939||Screen Snapshots Series 18, No. 9||Himself||Documentary/News Reel|
|1946||Screen Snapshots: The Skolsky Party||Himself||Documentary/News Reel|
|Screen Snapshots: Famous Fathers and Sons||Himself||Documentary/News Reel|
|Round the Town||Jack Haley||May 21, 1924 – May 31, 1924||Century Promenade Theatre||15 performances|
|Gay Paree||Jack Haley||August 18, 1925 – January 30, 1926||Shubert Theatre||181 performances|
|Gay Paree||Jack Haley||November 9, 1926 – April 9, 1927||Winter Garden Theatre||192 performances|
|Follow Thru||Jack Martin||January 9, 1929 – December 21, 1929||Chanin’s 46th Theatre||401 performances |
Sang: Button Up Your Overcoat with Zelma O’Neal
In 1930, he starred in Technicolor’s film version
|Free For All||Steve Potter Jr.||September 8, 1931 – September 19, 1931||Manhattan Theatre||15 performances|
|Take a Chance||Jack Stanley||November 26, 1932 – July 1, 1933||Apollo Theatre||243 performances|
|Higher and Higher||Zachary Ash||April 4, 1940 – June 15, 1940||Shubert Theatre||84 performances|
|Higher and Higher||Zachary Ash||August 5, 1940 – August 24, 1940||Shubert Theatre||24 performances |
In 1943, he starred with Frank Sinatra in film version
|Show Time||Jack Haley||September 16, 1942 – April 3, 1943||Broadhurst Theatre||342 performances|
|Inside U.S.A.||Jack Haley||April 30, 1948 – February 19, 1949|| New Century Theatre and|
Raymond Wallace Bolger was an American film and television actor, vaudevillian, TV presenter, singer, dancer and stage performer who started in the silent film era. He was a major Broadway performer in the 1930s and beyond. He is best known for his role as the Scarecrow and his Kansas counterpart farm worker "Hunk" in MGM's classic The Wizard of Oz (1939) and the villainous Barnaby in Walt Disney's musical fantasy Babes in Toyland. He was also the host of his eponymous television show, The Ray Bolger Show.
The Marvelous Land of Oz: Being an Account of the Further Adventures of the Scarecrow and the Tin Woodman, commonly shortened to The Land of Oz, published on July 5, 1904, is the second of L. Frank Baum's books set in the Land of Oz, and the sequel to The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900). This and the next 34 Oz books of the famous 40 were illustrated by John R. Neill. The book was made into an episode of The Shirley Temple Show in 1960, and into a Canada/Japan co-produced animated series of the same name in 1986. It was also adapted in comic book form by Marvel Comics; once in 1975 in the Marvel Treasury of Oz series, and again in an eight issue series with the first issue being released in November 2009. Plot elements from The Marvelous Land of Oz are included in the 1985 Disney feature film Return to Oz.
The Comedy Store is an American comedy club located in West Hollywood, California, at 8433 Sunset Boulevard on the Sunset Strip. A concomitant club is located in La Jolla, San Diego, California.
The Scarecrow is a character in the fictional Land of Oz created by American author L. Frank Baum and illustrator W.W. Denslow. In his first appearance, the Scarecrow reveals that he lacks a brain and desires above all else to have one. In reality, he is only two days old and merely ignorant. Throughout the course of the novel, he demonstrates that he already has the brains he seeks and is later recognized as "the wisest man in all of Oz," although he continues to credit the Wizard for them. He is, however, wise enough to know his own limitations and all too happy to hand the rulership of Oz, passed to him by the Wizard, to Princess Ozma, to become one of her trusted advisors, though he typically spends more time playing games than advising.
Journey Back To Oz is a 1972 American animated fantasy-adventure film and an official sequel to the 1939 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer film The Wizard of Oz produced by Filmation. It is loosely based on L. Frank Baum's second Oz novel, The Marvelous Land of Oz, although Baum received no screen credit. However, the Wizard was nowhere to be found, at least in the theatrical version of the film. A television version shown in 1976 on ABC featured live-action segments starring Bill Cosby as the Wizard.
That's Dancing! is a 1985 American documentary film produced by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer that looked back at the history of dancing in film. Unlike the That's Entertainment! series, this film not only focuses specifically on MGM films, but also included films from United Artists and the Associated Artists Productions library. It also included more recent performances by the likes of John Travolta and Michael Jackson and performances from the then-popular films Fame (1980) and Flashdance (1983) as well as classic films from other studios, including Carousel, released by 20th Century Fox, and Oklahoma!, released by Magna Corporation (roadshow) and RKO Radio Pictures.
Michael James McDonald is an American actor, director, writer, and comedian. He is best known for starring in the sketch comedy show MADtv. McDonald joined the show during the fourth season (1998) and remained in the cast until the end of the thirteenth and penultimate season, having become the longest-tenured cast member. While on the show, he developed many memorable characters. He was a contributing writer and director on MADtv.
"We're Off to See the Wizard" is one of the classic and most memorable songs from the Academy Award-winning 1939 film The Wizard of Oz. Composer Harold Arlen described it, along with "The Merry Old Land of Oz" and "Ding-Dong! The Witch is Dead", as one of the "lemon drop" songs of the film. The lyrics are by E.Y. "Yip" Harburg.
"If I Only Had a Brain" is a song by Harold Arlen (music) and Yip Harburg (lyrics). The song is sung in the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz by the character Scarecrow, played by Ray Bolger, when he meets Dorothy, played by Judy Garland. The characters pine about what each wants from the Wizard. It was also sung in Jeremy Sams and Andrew Lloyd Webber's 2011 musical adaptation with an additional reprise called "If We Only Had a Plan" when the characters discuss on how to rescue Dorothy in Act II.
The Wizard of Oz is a 1925 American silent fantasy-adventure comedy film directed by Larry Semon, who also performs in the lead role as a Kansas farmhand and later in the story disguised as the Scarecrow. This production, which is the only completed 1920s adaptation of L. Frank Baum's novel The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, costars Dorothy Dwan as Dorothy, Oliver Hardy as the Tin Woodman in a portion of the film, and Spencer Bell briefly disguised as a less "cowardly" Lion than in the 1939 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer version of Baum's work.
Uncle Henry is a fictional character from The Oz Books by L. Frank Baum. He is the uncle of Dorothy Gale and husband of Aunt Em, and lived with them on a farm in Kansas.
The Wizard of Oz in Concert: Dreams Come True is a 1995 television musical performance based on the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz. The book and score of the film were performed on stage at Lincoln Center to benefit the Children's Defense Fund. The concert featured guest performers including Jackson Browne as the Scarecrow, Roger Daltrey as the Tin Man, Natalie Cole as Glinda, Joel Grey as the Wizard, Jewel as Dorothy, Nathan Lane as the Cowardly Lion, Debra Winger as the Wicked Witch, and Lucie Arnaz as Aunt Em. The Boys Choir of Harlem appeared as the Munchkins, and Ry Cooder and David Sanborn performed as musicians.
The songs from the 1939 musical fantasy film The Wizard of Oz have taken their place among the most famous and instantly recognizable American songs of all time, and the film's principal song, "Over the Rainbow", is perhaps the most famous song ever written for a film. Music and lyrics were by Harold Arlen and E.Y. "Yip" Harburg, who won an Academy Award for Best Song for "Over the Rainbow."
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is a 1900 children's novel written by American author L. Frank Baum. Since its first publication in 1900, it has been adapted many times: for film, television, theatre, books, comics, games, and other media.
John Joseph Haley Jr. was an American film director, producer and writer, twice winner of the Emmy Award.
The 29th Annual Tony Awards ceremony was held on April 20, 1975, at the Winter Garden Theatre in New York City, and broadcast by ABC television. Hosts/Performers/Presenters were Larry Blyden, George S. Irving, Larry Kert, Carol Lawrence, Michele Lee, Bernadette Peters and Bobby Van.
Tom and Jerry: Back to Oz is a 2016 animated direct-to-video film starring Tom and Jerry, produced by Warner Bros. Animation. It is the final Tom and Jerry direct-to-video film to be distributed by Warner Home Video internationally. The film is a sequel to the 2011 animated film, Tom and Jerry and the Wizard of Oz. It is also the first sequel in the direct-to-video film series of the Tom and Jerry franchise. The film was dedicated to Joe Alaskey, who completed his final work and died on February 3, 2016.
Jack Haley, 79, who played the shy and diffident Tin Woodman in the film classic "The Wizard of Oz," died yesterday at the UCLA Medical Center in Los Angeles after a heart attack.
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