Jan Greve Thaulow Petersen
Jan Greve Thaulow Petersen
|Born||October 20, 1887|
|Died||March 3, 1967 79) (aged|
|Alma mater||University of Oslo|
Jan Greve Thaulow Petersen (October 20, 1887 - March 3, 1967) was a Norwegian archaeologist.
He was the son of Hans Henrik Petersen (1827–1906) and Elisabeth Cæcilie Thaulow (1845–1901). His father was the principal of Trondheim Cathedral School. Petersen became a cand.philos. in history in 1914 at the University of Oslo and the following year was employed as a curator at the University's Antiquities Collection. Petersen received a dr.philos. in archeology during 1919. Petersen was director of the Stavanger Museum from 1923 to 1958.
During this period he worked with excavation and publication of Iron Age farms in southwestern Norway. He also worked with architect Gerhard Fischer (1890-1977) in the preservation and restoration of the medieval monastery Utstein Abbey.
He was notable for writing De Norske Vikingsverd ("The Norwegian Viking Swords") in 1919. This book was the "standard and authoritative work" on Norse sword typology and "remains an invaluable guide today."
The Oakeshott typology by British historian and illustrator Ewart Oakeshott (1916–2002) was based on Petersen's work.
In 1928 he was elected to the Norwegian Academy of Sciences. In 1917, he married Gerda Holtermann (1892–1985). Their daughter Liv Petersen (1922–81) married the political scientist Knut Dahl Jacobsen (1925–1999).
Utstein Abbey is Norway's best-preserved medieval monastery. It is located on the southern shore of the island of Klosterøy in Stavanger municipality, Rogaland county. It was built in the late 1200s. Utstein Church is located on the grounds of the abbey.
The Viking Age sword or Carolingian sword is the type of sword prevalent in Western and Northern Europe during the Early Middle Ages.
The Oakeshott typology is a way to define and catalogue the medieval sword based on physical form. It categorises the swords of the European Middle Ages into 13 main types, labelled X through XXII. The historian and illustrator Ewart Oakeshott introduced it in his 1960 treatise The Archaeology of Weapons: Arms and Armour from Prehistory to the Age of Chivalry.
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