|John III lord of Arlay|
Coat of arms of Chalon (red shield with yellow ribbon) and Orange (blue bugle); over all the (claimed) county of Geneva.
|Noble family||House of Chalon-Arlay|
|Spouse(s)||Mary of Baux-Orange|
|Father||Louis I lord of Arguel|
|Mother||Marguerite de Vienne|
John III of Chalon-Arlay (died 1418) was a French nobleman and a member of the House of Chalon-Arlay. He was the son of Louis I lord of Arguel, and the heir of his uncle, Louis's brother, Hugh II lord of Arlay from whom he inherited Arlay.
The House of Chalon-Arlay was a French noble house, a cadet branch of the House of Ivrea. The founder of the house is John I of Chalon-Arlay, fifth son of John, Count of Chalon. When John III lord of Arlay married to Mary de Baux, princess of Orange, the House acquired the principality of Orange.
Louis I of Chalon-Arlay (1337–1366) was the second son of John II lord of Arlay and Margaret of Male.
Hugh II of Chalon-Arlay (1334–1388) was the son and successor as lord of Arlay to John II. His mother was Marguerite of Mello.
He married Mary of Baux-Orange, who was the heiress of the Principality of Orange. John thus became Prince jure uxoris of Orange. John and Mary were the parents of
Mary of Baux-Orange was suo jure Princess of Orange. She was the last holder of this title from the House of Baux.
The Principality of Orange was, from 1163 to 1713, a feudal state in Provence, in the south of modern-day France, on the east bank of the river Rhone, north of the city of Avignon, and surrounded by the independent papal state of Comtat Venaissin.
Jure uxoris is a Latin phrase meaning "by right of (his) wife". When a man uses a title of nobility because his wife holds it suo jure, the man is said to hold the title jure uxoris. Similarly, the husband of an heiress could become the legal possessor of her lands. For example, married women in England were legally incapable of owning real estate until the Married Women's Property Act 1882.
Prince of Orange is a title originally associated with the sovereign Principality of Orange, in what is now southern France. Under the Treaty of Utrecht of 1713, Frederick William I of Prussia ceded the Principality of Orange to King Louis XIV of France. After William III of England died without children, a dispute arose between Johan Willem Friso and Frederick I of Prussia, which was settled in the Treaty of Partition (1732); consequently, Friso's son, William IV had to share use of the title "Prince of Orange" with Frederick William I of Prussia. The title is traditionally borne by the heir apparent of the Dutch monarch. The title descends via absolute primogeniture since 1983, meaning that its holder can be either Prince or Princess of Orange.
This is a list of the Lords, Barons and Marquisses of Baux.
Claudia of Châlon-Orange was the second wife of Henry III of Nassau-Breda, whom she had married in 1515. She was the mother of René of Chalon, lord of Breda, the first Nassau to be Prince of Orange.
Philibert de Chalon was the last Prince of Orange from the House of Chalon.
The Anscarids or the House of Ivrea were a medieval Frankish dynasty of Burgundian origin which rose to prominence in Italy in the tenth century, even briefly holding the Italian throne. The main branch ruled the County of Burgundy from the eleventh to fourteenth centuries and it was one of their members who first declared himself a count palatine. The cadet Castilian branch of Ivrea ruled the Kingdom of Galicia from 1111 and the Kingdoms of Castile and León from 1126 until 1369. The House of Trastamara, which ruled in Castile, Aragon, Naples, and Navarre at various points between the late 14th and early 16th centuries, was an illegitimate cadet branch of that family.
Arlay is a commune in the Jura department in the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in eastern France. On 1 January 2016, the former commune of Saint-Germain-lès-Arlay was merged into Arlay.
Hugh I of Chalon-Arlay (1288–1322) was lord of Arlay and of Vitteaux, and belonged to the house of Chalon-Arlay. He was the son of lord John I of Chalon-Arlay and his first wife Marguerite of Burgundy, and his grandfather John, Count of Chalon was count-regent from the death of Otto III, count of Burgundy onwards. On 13 February 1302 Hugh I married Béatrice de La Tour-du-Pin (1275–1347). They had one child
This page is a list of the lords of Chalon-Arlay and the principality of Orange. The lords of Chalons and Arlay were a cadet branch of the ruling house of the county of Burgundy, the Anscarids or House of Ivrea.
Jean I of Chalon-Arlay (1258–1315) was a French nobleman. He was the son of Jean, Count of Chalon and Laure de Commercy, a couple who had thirty castles built on the Jurassian part of the county of Burgundy around their new seigneurie of Salins, including the Château d'Arlay. He was Seigneur of Arlay (1266–1315) and Viscount of Besançon (1295–1315).
John II, lord of Chalon-Arlay was a member of the House of Chalon-Arlay. He succeeded his father Hugh I lord of Arlay to this title, and was himself succeeded by his son, Hugh II lord of Arlay.
Stephen of Montfaucon was Lord of Montfaucon and Count of Montbéliard from 1367 until his death. He was the son of Henry of Montfaucon and Agnes of Chalon. He married Marguerite of Chalon-Arlay, daughter of John II of Chalon-Arlay, and they had three children:
John IV of Chalon-Arlay or John of Chalon was a prince of Orange and lord of Arlay. He played an important role in the Mad War, a series of conflicts in which aristocrats sought to resist the expansion and centralisation of power under the French monarch.
William VII of Chalon was a prince of Orange and lord of Arlay. He was the son of Louis II lord of Arlay and his wife Johanna of Montfaucon.
Louis II of Chalon-Arlay, nicknamed the Good, was Lord of Arlay and Arguel Prince of Orange. He was the son of John III of Chalon-Arlay and his wife, Mary of Baux-Orange, and the father of William VII of Chalon-Arlay.
John of Freiburg-Neuchâtel was a son of Conrad of Freiburg and his wife, Marie of Vergy. He succeeded his father as Count of Neuchâtel in 1421. He is, however, not in a hurry to pay homage to his father-in-law John III of Chalon-Arlay. In 1444, he joined the alliance of the Dauphin Louis and a number of Swiss cantons against the Habsburgs.
Anthony I, Count of Ligny (1450–1519) was the youngest son of Louis de Luxembourg, Count of Saint-Pol and his wife, Jeanne de Bar, Countess of Marle and Soissons. In 1482, he inherited the County of Brienne from his brother Peter II, Count of Saint-Pol. After the death of Charles of Bourbon in 1510, Anthony inherited the County of Ligny, which thereby fell back to the House of Luxemburg.