Joseph Horatio Anderson

Last updated
Joseph Horatio Anderson
Diedbefore 1778
Buildings Maryland State House

Joseph Horatio Anderson was a British-born Colonial American architect active in Annapolis, Province of Maryland, in the late 18th century.


He designed Whitehall (1764), a plantation house in Anne Arundel County, outside Annapolis. He was the likely designer of the third (and current) Maryland State House (1772). [1] [2] He designed the second St. Anne's Church (designed 1775, completed 1792), [1] also in Annapolis, although the church was not completed until more than a decade after his death.

Quite few details are known of Anderson's life. [3]

Though Anderson boasted he was "regularly bread to those Sciences architectural design and construction & the only one upon the Continant[ sic ]," his octagonal design for the dome of the Maryland State House was found to be "contrary to all rules of architecture," and later replaced. [4]

In 1770, Anderson sent a letter to Rhode Island College offering his architectural services to the newly established institution. The correspondence, however, arrived only after construction on the college's new building had already begun. [5]

Related Research Articles

Annapolis, Maryland Capital of Maryland

Annapolis is the capital of the U.S. state of Maryland, as well as the county seat of Anne Arundel County. Situated on the Chesapeake Bay at the mouth of the Severn River, 25 miles (40 km) south of Baltimore and about 30 miles (50 km) east of Washington, D.C., Annapolis is part of the Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area. Its population was measured at 38,394 by the 2010 census.

Robert Adam

Robert Adam was a Scottish neoclassical architect, interior designer and furniture designer. He was the son of William Adam (1689–1748), Scotland's foremost architect of the time, and trained under him. With his older brother John, Robert took on the family business, which included lucrative work for the Board of Ordnance, after William's death.

William Chambers (architect) Scottish-Swedish architect

Sir William Chambers was a Swedish-Scottish architect, based in London. Among his best-known works are Somerset House, and the pagoda at Kew. Chambers was a founder member of the Royal Academy.

Charles Carroll of Carrollton American planter and signatory of the Declaration of Independence

Charles Carroll, known as Charles Carroll of Carrollton or Charles Carroll III to distinguish him from his similarly-named relatives, was an American statesman, a wealthy Maryland planter, an early advocate of independence from Great Britain and one of the signers of the American Declaration of Independence. The sole Catholic signer of the Declaration, he is one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. Carroll was known contemporaneously as the "First Citizen" of the American Colonies, a consequence of signing articles in the Maryland Gazette with that pen name. He served as a delegate to the Continental Congress and Confederation Congress. Carroll later served as the first United States Senator for Maryland. Carroll was the wealthiest and possessed the highest formal education of all of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. A product of his 17-year Jesuit education in France, Carroll spoke five languages fluently.

William Smallwood American politician

William Smallwood was an American planter, soldier and politician from Charles County, Maryland. He served in the American Revolutionary War, rising to the rank of major general. He was serving as the fourth Governor of Maryland when the state adopted the United States Constitution.

John Francis Mercer American politician (1759-1821)

John Francis Mercer was an American lawyer, planter, and politician from Virginia and Maryland.

William Buckland (architect) American architect (1734-1774)

William Buckland (1734–1774) was a British architect who designed in colonial Maryland and Virginia.

John Andrews (priest)

John Andrews was: Colonial/American priest; 4th Provost of the University of Pennsylvania (1810–1813), 3rd Vice Provost (1789–1810), and Professor of Moral Philosophy (1789-1813) of the same college; Principal of the Episcopal Academy of Philadelphia (1785–1789); Rector of St. Thomas Church in Garrison Forest, Baltimore County, Maryland (1782–1784); founder of the bases of York College of Pennsylvania (1776); Minister of St. Peter's Episcopal Church (1767–1770); lecturer; and author of published textbooks and sermons. Accepted as life member of the American Philosophical Society (1787). Buried at Christ Church Burial Ground in Philadelphia.

Hammond–Harwood House United States historic place

The Hammond–Harwood House is a historic house museum at 19 Maryland Avenue in Annapolis, Maryland, USA. Built in 1774, is one of the premier colonial houses remaining in America from the British colonial period (1607–1776). It is the only existing work of colonial academic architecture that was principally designed from a plate in Andrea Palladio's I Quattro Libri dell'Architettura (1570). The house was designed by the architect William Buckland in 1773–1774 for wealthy farmer Matthias Hammond of Anne Arundel County, Maryland. It was modeled on the design of the Villa Pisani in Montagnana, Italy, as depicted in Book II, Chapter XIV of Palladio's work. It was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1960, and is now managed by a non-profit organization as a museum.

John Randall was an architect, American Revolutionary War soldier and officer, and was an early 19th-century mayor of Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland. He was also the Collector of the Port of Annapolis, which included responsibility for fortifying the harbor.

Paca House and Garden United States historic place

The William Paca House is an 18th-century Georgian mansion in Annapolis, Maryland, United States. William Paca was a signatory of the Declaration of Independence and a three-term Governor of Maryland. The house was built between 1763 and 1765 and its architecture was largely designed by Paca himself. The 2-acre (8,100 m2) walled garden, which includes a two-story summer house, has been restored to its original state.

Brice House (Annapolis, Maryland) United States historic place

The Brice House is, along with the Hammond-Harwood House and the William Paca House, one of three similar preserved 18th century Georgian style brick houses in Annapolis, Maryland. Like the Paca and Hammond-Harwood houses, it is a five-part brick mansion with a large central block and flanking pavilions with connecting hyphens. Of the three, the Brice House's exterior is the most austere, giving its brickwork particular prominence. The Brice House was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1970.

Whitehall (Annapolis, Maryland) United States historic place

Whitehall is a colonial home that was built beginning in 1764 near Annapolis in Anne Arundel County in the Province of Maryland by Horatio Sharpe, then the provincial governor of the British colony of Maryland.

Peggy Stewart House United States historic place

The Peggy Stewart House, also known as the Rutland-Jenifer-Stone House, is a Georgian style house in Annapolis, Maryland. Built between 1761 and 1764 by Thomas Rutland as a rental property, it was owned at various times by Thomas Stone and Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer. In October 1774 it was owned by Anthony Stewart, owner of the ship Peggy Stewart. It was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1973 for its associations with the burning of Anthony Stewart's ship, Peggy Stewart, as well as for its architectural significance as a mid- to late 18th century Georgian mansion. Furthermore, the dwelling was recognized as a National Historic Landmark for its associations with Jenifer and Stone, and for the thematic representation of politics and diplomacy during the American Revolution

Colonial Annapolis Historic District United States historic place

The Colonial Annapolis Historic District is a historic district in the City of Annapolis, the state capital of Maryland, that was designated a National Historic Landmark District in 1965 and was geographically further expanded in 1984.

St. Annes Church (Annapolis, Maryland) historic Episcopal church in Annapolis, Maryland, United States

St. Anne's Episcopal Church is a historic Episcopal church located in Church Circle, Annapolis. The first church in Annapolis, it was founded in 1692 to serve as the parish church for the newly created Middle Neck Parish, one of the original 30 Anglican parishes in the Province of Maryland.

The Colonial families of Maryland were the leading families in the Province of Maryland. Several also had interests in the Colony of Virginia, and the two are sometimes referred to as the Chesapeake Colonies.

The Broadneck Peninsula is an area in Anne Arundel County, Maryland. The area is north of the Severn River, South of the Magothy River and west of the Chesapeake Bay. At the lower end of the Broadneck Peninsula is the 4.3 mile Chesapeake Bay Bridge.

St. Margaret's is a suburb of Annapolis in Anne Arundel County, Maryland, United States on the scenic Broadneck Peninsula. The ZIP code is 21409.

Thomas Henry Randall was an American architect known for his large country homes during the Gilded Age.


  1. 1 2 Radoff, Morris (1972). The State House At Annapolis. Annapolis: Hall of Records Commission, State of Maryland. pp. 2–3.
  2. McWilliams, Jane W. (2011-06-15). Annapolis, City on the Severn: A History. JHU Press. p. 74. ISBN   978-0-8018-9659-0.
  3. Browne, William Hand; Dielman, Louis Henry; Maryland Historical Society (1906). Maryland Historical Magazine. Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center. Baltimore, Maryland Historical Society.
  4. Whiffen, Marcus; Koeper, Frederick (1983). American Architecture: 1607-1860. MIT Press. ISBN   978-0-262-73069-3.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. "Encyclopedia Brunoniana | University Hall". Retrieved 2021-01-07.